Inadequate Calcium Intake by Age + % Below AI * 63% 39% 47% 84% 74% *AI = Adequate Intake level as set by the National Academy of Sciences: 1-3 yrs = 500mg, 4-8 yrs = 800mg, 9-18yrs = 1300mg 9-12 yr olds are the most deficient age demographic of children + NHANES ’99-’00
Blacks are the most deficient ethnic demographic of children 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 TotalHispanic (Non-Hispanic) White (Non-Hispanic) Black Other Inadequate Calcium Intake by Ethnicity + % Below AI 63% 62% 61% 74% 69% + NHANES ’99-’00
Inadequate Calcium Intake by Gender + % Below AI 63% 58% 69% Females are the more deficient gender demographic of children + NHANES ’99-’00
Highly Calcium Deficient Demographics ++ 58% of 2-5 yr old black + boys 50% of 6-8 yr old white + boys 59% 6-8 yr old black + girls 84% of 9-12 yr olds 88% of black + and white + girls 74% of 13-18 yr olds 87% of Hispanic girls 93% of black + girls + Non-Hispanic ++ NHANES ’99-’00
#1 Yogurt Brand 1.5 Protein Equivalent #1 Kid Yogurt 1 Protein Equivalent Yogurt in Tube 0.5 Protein Equivalent #1 8oz Brand 2 Protein Equivalent #1 Yogurt Smoothie General Mills’ Calcium Solutions in Yogurt
Additional Health Benefits of Yogurt Protein Essential for growth, repair and maintenance of tissues Potassium Helps maintain fluid and electrolyte balance and cell integrity Riboflavin Promotes healthy skin, eyes and clear vision Phosphorus Important for bone development Vitamin A (fortified) Helps maintain normal vision and immune system Vitamin D (fortified) Helps the body absorb and use calcium Live and active cultures Help digest lactose, making foods that contain them, like yogurt, easier for the lactose intolerant to digest
Additional Health Benefits of Cereal Children, aged 4-12, who frequently eat cereal are more likely to have a healthy body weight than those who eat cereal infrequently 1 Children who frequently eat cereal obtain fewer of their calories from fat, eat less cholesterol and consume more dietary fiber 1 Ready-to-eat cereals are a top source of key nutrients in children's diets 2 #1 source of Vit A, folic acid and iron #2 source of fiber #3 source of zinc and magnesium Children who frequently eat cereal have higher intakes of several essential vitamins and minerals, including calcium, iron and folic acid 1 2 Subar AF, Krebs-Smith SM, Cook A, Kahle LL. Pediatrics 1998;102:13-23 1 Eldridge AL, Goebel MT, Albertson AM, Crockett SJ, J AM Diet Assoc. 2003;103:1613-1619.
MIAMI-DADE COUNTY PUBLIC SCHOOLS DIVISION OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION AND HEALTH LITERACY REFERENCE SOURCE: BELL INSTITUTE OF HEALTH AND NUTRITION GENERAL MILLS PRESENTATION PERMITTED FOR INDIVIDUAL CLASSROOM USE