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Presentation on theme: "PREPARED BY PEACE ACTION MONTGOMERY WWW.PEACEACTIONMC.ORG The Militarization of America At What Cost?"— Presentation transcript:


2 Topics The Federal Budget and Military Spending Where Does the Money Go? Arming the World What Does American Militarism Cost You? What You Can Do 2

3 The Federal Budget Military Spending 3

4 Total Federal Budget, FY 2010 Both Discretionary & Mandatory 4 Source: National Priorities Project Mandatory: Required by law Examples: Interest on Debt (9.5%) Social Security (21%) Medicare Unemployment Discretionary: Negotiated each year Examples: Military Education Research

5 Discretionary Budget Authority FY 2010 5 “All other” includes: Environment Science Transportation International affairs Everything else except entitlements and debt. Source: National Priorities Project

6 Obama Budget Proposal FY 2011 6 Source: National Priorities Project, FY 2011

7 Growth in Military Spending Excluding Wars 7 Source: Project on Defense Alternatives

8 Discretionary Spending By Category, 2009 8 Billions of Dollars Source: Center for Arms Control and Nonproliferation, Briefing Book

9 2010Budget: Military Recruitment vs. Peace Corps Dollars Sources: American Forces Press Service; Peace Corps Web Site 9

10 U.S. Military Spending vs. Other Countries, In Rank Order, FY 2009 Source: Center for Arms Control and Nonproliferation 10

11 U.S. Job Creation with $1 Billion Spending Number of Jobs Created Education Health Care Clean Energy Consumption Military Source: U of MA, Political Economy Research Institute 11

12 Montgomery County Citizens’ Share of Military Expenditures, FY2010 Budget  About $3 billion or  $2,000 per person Source: National Priorities Project 12

13 With $3 Billion, Montgomery County Could Instead Have Paid For: All expenses at a public university for four years for every 18-year-old in the County, and Renewable electricity for three years for all the homes in the county, and Over 5,000 new affordable housing units. Source: Computed from National Priorities Project and census 13

14 State of Maryland MD portion FY 2010 military budget: $13.7 bn State FY 2010 budget:$13.9 bn Estimated shortfall: 2.6 bn Proposed state spending cuts: Public Health Disabled Education 14 Source: National Priorities Project, Out of Balance

15 How Much Could We Cut the Military Budget? 15 Andrew Bacevich: We should reduce the US military budget to a level that does not exceed the combined military spending of all ten of the next highest-spending countries in the world. Source: National Priorities Project—Security Spending Primer

16 Where Does the Money Go? War costs Foreign military bases War profiteers 16

17 Military Budget, 2011 17 Center for Arms Control and Non-Proliferation

18 Total War Costs Iraq and Afghanistan Through 2010 Total direct cost of both wars by 2010: over $1 trillion 18 Iraq: $747 billion Af/Pak: $332 billion (including epected June supplemental of $33 billion) Total:$1.079 trillion Source: National Priorities Project

19 $1 Trillion is a Thousand Billion Imagine that you spent $1 million/day beginning with the birth of Jesus—to spend a trillion dollars, you’d need to keep spending $1 million/day until mid-way through the 28 th century. If you laid out $1 trillion end-to-end in $100 bills, you could circle the Earth at the equator 39 times. A trillion dollars could pay the salaries for a year of 18 million people at $55,000 per job. 19

20 Afghanistan War Costs Total U.S. defense spending in Afghanistan, FY 2010: $101 billion.  $1 million: cost to send one soldier to Afghanistan for one year  $400 per gallon: US military’s cost of gasoline in Afghanistan Source: Congressional Research Service Report RL 33110 20

21 Afghanistan War vs. World Military Spending In 2010, the United States will spend more on the war in Afghanistan than any other country in the world spends in total on the military. Source: Center for Arms Control and Non-Proliferation; Reuters 21

22 It’s a Choice! Are lengthy occupations of Iraq & Afghanistan how we want to spend our money? We have other threats! 22

23 Where Does the Money Go? War costs Foreign military bases War profiteers 23

24 U.S. Foreign Military Bases The US maintains about 1,000 foreign military bases Foreign bases cost taxpayers about $250 billion per year Source: Foreign Policy in Focus 24

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26 Floating Bases The U.S. has 11 nuclear powered aircraft supercarriers—the entire rest of the world has 11 carriers, and these are all much smaller than those of the U.S. The U.S. maintains over 100 deployed ships and submarines at any given time—with 30,000 sailors afloat. 26 Source: United States Navy; Project on Defense Alternatives

27 Military Bases as the New Imperialism 95% of all the military bases on another country’s soil are U.S. bases. “Once upon a time, you could trace the spread of imperialism by counting up colonies. America's version of the colony is the military base.” Chalmers Johnson, 2004 Source: Chalmers Johnson 27

28 The Movement to End Foreign Bases 28 Source: International Network for the Abolition of Foreign Military Bases International Network for the Abolition of Foreign Military Bases:

29 Foreign Bases: A Provocation The Declaration of Independence criticizes the British "for quartering large bodies of armed troops among us" and "for protecting them... from punishment for any murders which they should commit on the inhabitants of these States.“ Foreign bases create enemies and make us less safe. 29

30 Where Does the Money Go? War costs Foreign military bases War profiteers 30

31 War Profiteers Definition: Any person or organization that improperly profits from warfare or by selling weapons and other goods to parties at war. How do we define “improperly”? 31

32 War Profiteers Are huge profits improper? Is it acceptable for some people to make literally millions of dollars--because thousands of others die? Is it improper if contractors lobby for wars that they benefit from financially? Is it improper if contractors’ products are shoddy? If contractors engage in fraud and highly wasteful practices? 32

33 War Profiteers Example: Lockheed Martin 84% Percent of L/M profits derived directly from US tax payers, 2008 $4.4 billion Amount of tax-payer money distributed as profit, 2008 $30,939,233 Total compensation of Lockheed Martin CEO, 2007 $28,253,165 Total compensation of 6 other executives, 2007 33 Sources: LM Company Statements; Company Pay.Com

34 Lockheed Martin Paid $577.2 million in fines because of contract fraud since 1995 Found guilty of 50 instances of various kinds of misconduct (including contractor kickbacks, nuclear safety violations, fraud, etc.) Consistently behind schedule and over budget. Source: Project on Government Oversight 34

35 Lockheed Martin Cost Overrun Example: F-35 Joint Strike Fighter Original contract: $5o million per plane New estimate: $113 million per plane Pentagon plan: purchase 2,450 Total cost: $323 billion. A single weapons system is now estimated to cost almost one-third of what the health- care plan is expected to cost over a decade. 35 Source: Tom Engelhardt

36 Lockheed Martin: Forms of Influence Political donations, 2008 cycle: $2,801,455 (from L/M PACs and individuals, per FEC) Paid lobbying, 2008: $15,981,506 Source: Open Secrets 36

37 Lockheed Martin: Forms of Influence Geographic distribution of subcontractors “The ideal weapons system is built in 435 Congressional districts and it doesn’t matter whether it works or not.” Alain C. Enthoven, economist and former Pentagon official In 2009, Lockheed Martin placed full-page ads in the Washington Post showing the number of jobs for F-22 construction, by Congressional district, throughout the nation. 37

38 Lockheed Martin: Forms of Influence—The Revolving Door Lockheed's former vice-president, Bruce Jackson, worked in the DOD, and then organized and chaired the “non-profit” Committee for the Liberation of Iraq (2002-03): It lobbied hard for the Iraq war—a war that dramatically increased Lockheed Martin profits 8 other senior Bush Administration members had similar ties to Lockheed Martin Source: Hartung & Ciarrocca 38

39 The War Profiteer Circle 39 Contracts: $$ Profits $$ Lobbying Political Donations Revolving Door

40 What Do Military Contractors Do? Feed troops Maintain facilities and equipment Transport cargo Wash clothes Provide security guards for bases and diplomats Engage in military actions Contractors are doing everything that used to be done solely by the military—for a profit. 40

41 Contractors vs. Troops in Afghanistan 41 Source: Congressional Research Service

42 Who Are Mercenaries? Soldiers-for-hire or “private security contractors.” They are recruited from all over the world. 42

43 Outsourcing the Military “The United States has created a new system for waging war... You turn the entire world into your recruiting ground. You intricately link corporate profits to an escalation of warfare and make it profitable for companies to participate in your wars.” “We live amidst the most radical privatization agenda in the history of our country.” Investigative reporter Jeremy Scahill Source: Bill Moyers Interview 43

44 Outsourcing the Military Powerful companies promote war because it is profitable, not because of the interests of the nation The profit motive can be counter to the military’s goals and the nation’s Oversight of contractors is negligible and contractors often do poor jobs—costing lives and more money Cost-plus contracts, the most common DOD-type contract, encourage waste and unnecessary spending 44

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46 Is It Possible to End War Profiteering FDR: Supported broad increases in the corporate income tax; Raised the excess-profits tax to 90 percent; and Charged the Office of War Mobilization with the task of eliminating illegal profits. 46

47 Outsourcing War & Democracy As a result of the war, corporations have been enthroned, and an era of corruption in high places will follow, and the money power of the country will endeavor to prolong its reign by working upon the prejudices of the people until all wealth is aggregated in a few hands and the Republic is destroyed. Abraham Lincoln, Nov. 1864 47

48 Arming the World: Costs Associated with Aid & Sales 48

49 U.S.: Arms Dealer to the World Source: Congressional Research Service, Sept. 2009 Arms Transfer Agreements with The World, By Supplier, 2008 49

50 Sales to Other Countries: Example Israel Proposed U.S. Military Aid to Israel FY2009-FY2018: $30 billion Israel is required to use 74% of its aid money on U.S. purchases, totaling $24.4 billion. 50 Source: Congressional Research Service: US Foreign Aid to Israel

51 Sales to Other Countries Example: Israel Pentagon Seeks $15.2B Fighter Sale to Israel Sept. 30, 2008 “The Defense Department said today it wants to sell up to 75 fighter jets to Israel in a $15.2 billion deal... The Defense Security Cooperation Agency said it notified Congress on Friday that Israel has asked to buy 25 of the F-35s made by Lockheed Martin Corp., with an option to buy an additional 50 at a later date.” 51 Newser Online News Journal

52 Sales to Other Countries: Example Israel US gives Israel billions of dollars US requires Israel to spend most of it by buying from US arms manufacturers Israel buys planes from Lockheed Martin Lockheed Martin makes more profits 52

53 Fragments of a US-made M155 white phosphorus carrier artillery shell fired by Israeli forces into Gaza White phosphorus: Causes deep burns through muscle and down to the bone, continuing to burn until deprived of oxygen. Can contaminate other parts of the body, poisoning and irreparably damaging internal organs. Is extremely painful and very lethal. White phosphorus was used extensively in the war on Gaza 2008-09 53 Source: Amnesty International

54 Remains of a US-made Hellfire missile that killed 3 paramedics and a child in Gaza. War on Gaza, ‘08-’09: American-made planes Dropping American- made bombs Paid for with American taxpayer funds 54 Source: Amnesty International

55 What Does the Militarization of America Cost You? 55 Economic Costs Environmental Costs Cost to Democracy

56 A Weaker Economy The more a country spends on the military relative to its economy: The slower the economic growth The higher the unemployment The slower the productivity growth 56 Source: Council on Economic Priorities

57 A Weaker Economy Money to finance wars displaces productive investment, for example to rebuild infrastructure at home. As a result of not making these investments, future output in the U.S. will be smaller. Source: Stiglitz and Bilmes, The Three Trillion Dollar War 57

58 Economic Costs: Debt Service Source: Congressional Joint Economic Committee Majority Staff, Nov. 2007 Interest costs alone are so high that they will soon dwarf federal spending on other priorities 58

59 Personal Costs Projected Costs of Wars: $3.5 Trillion by 2017 Almost $50,000 per Family Source: Congressional Joint Economic Committee Majority Staff, Nov. 2007 59

60 Total Estimated Costs of Iraq & Afghanistan: $3.5 Trillion With $3.5 trillion, for the next 133 years, we could send every 18-year-old in the U.S. to a state university. We could pay all their education expenses--tuition, fees, and room and board--for four years. 60

61 Is the Money We Are Spending Making Us Safer? Have the wars made us safer? Do hundreds of foreign bases make us safer? Do expensive cold war-era weapons make us safer? Is our reliance on expensive contractors improving our safety? Do weapons sales and military aid to other countries make us safer? 61

62 Seeking Security: Other Ways to Spend Our Money Diplomacy Nonproliferation Contributions to International Organizations Contributions to Peacekeeping UN Peacebuilding Stabilization and Reconstruction Economic Development Alternative Energy 62 Source: Foreign Policy in Focus, Unified Security Budget

63 Seeking Security: Other Ways to Spend Our Money First Responder Grants Public Health Workforce Capacity Infectious Disease Control/Global Health In-Line Airport Checked Bag Screening Port security grants Public transportation security grants Transportation security training Chemical site security 63 Source: Foreign Policy in Focus, Unified Security Budget

64 What Does the Militarization of America Cost You? 64 Economic Costs Environmental Costs Cost to Democracy

65 Environmental Costs The U.S. military is the biggest polluter in the world, generating an estimated 750,000 tons of toxic waste every year. The military burns an estimated 20 million gallons of gasoline daily—about the same as the entire country of Iran. 65 Sources: Graydon Carter; Barry Sanders

66 What Does the Militarization of America Cost You? 66 Economic Costs Environmental Costs Cost to Democracy

67 Threat to Democracy Militarism restricts freedom at home  Freedom of speech (e.g., Eugene Debs imprisoned for several years because of opposition to World War I)  People today fearful of protesting—might lose jobs 67

68 Threat to Democracy Militarism involves immense amounts of money that corrupt the political system  Campaign contributions and election ads by war profiteers  Lobbying by war profiteers and other corporations (e.g., oil) Militarism leads to secrecy which is incompatible with democracy  The “State Secrets Privilege”: invoked 23 times by Bush & used to dismiss entire cases without regard to the merits—now used by Obama  The hiding of the “Pentagon Papers” during the Vietnam War 68

69 Threat to Democracy Militarism erodes fundamental rights  Denial of Habeas Corpus in “War on Terror”  Legalization of torture  Military Commissions Act of 2006, creating kangaroo courts Militarism demonizes certain citizens--who then lose basic rights  Japanese-Americans in WW II  Muslims and Arab Americans today 69

70 Threat to Democracy Militarism expands government surveillance of citizens  Patriot Act  NSA data mining Militarism leads to powerful secret paramilitary organizations, illegal actions by government, and lack of accountability—destroying the rule of law  CIA – Illegal violence in Chile, Iran, Central America, Pakistan  “Extraordinary rendition”— kidnappings and disappearances  CIA Black Sites—secret prisons, beyond any law 70

71 Threat to Democracy Of all the enemies to public liberty war is... most to be dreaded because it comprises... the germ of every other... No nation could preserve its freedom in the midst of continual warfare. James Madison 71

72 BECAUSE OUR ECONOMY IS WEAKER DUE TO EXCESSIVE MILITARY SPENDING, WE HAVE: Less to invest in new businesses and new ways of doing things Less to spend on health, education, infrastructure, art and culture WE ALL HAVE TO WORK HARDER AND LONGER HOURS, JUST TO STAY EVEN. WE ENDANGER THE ABILITY OF HUMAN BEINGS TO LIVE ON EARTH. WE PLACE THE FUTURE OF OUR DEMOCRACY AT RISK. What Does the Militarization of America Cost You? 72

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77 The Cost of Militarism Every gun that is made, every warship launched, every rocket fired signifies in the final sense, a theft from those who hunger and are not fed, those who are cold and are not clothed. This world in arms is not spending money alone. It is spending the sweat of its laborers, the genius of its scientists, the hopes of its children. This is not a way of life at all in any true sense. Under the clouds of war, it is humanity hanging on a cross of iron. Dwight Eisenhower 77

78 What We Can Do 78 Lobbying Electoral Work Public Education Media Outreach Street Activism

79 79 You Can Lobby

80 80 You Can Help Elect Progressive Candidates

81 81 You Can Help Us Inform Our Community

82 82 You Can Be Part of the New Media

83 83 You can be in the streets!

84 Be A One-Minute Activist Don’t feel like you can make that kind of time? There are other ways you can be part of the solution:  Sign up for Peace Action Montgomery’s bi-monthly email letter—and take the actions we suggest  Host an educational event with your church, community group, neighborhood  Contribute to an organization working for peace: money is power Find what you can do—and do that 84

85 Peace Action Montgomery 85

86 Sources American Forces Press Service, recruiting-cuts-reasonable recruiting-cuts-reasonable American Friends Service Committee, Amnesty International, Center for Arms Control and Non Proliferation, 2009 Briefing Book, Center for Arms Control and Non-Proliferation, “Putting Afghanistan Troop Increases in Perspective,” Dec. 2. perspective/ perspective/ Center for Arms Control and Non-Proliferation, “Analysis of 2010 Defense Authorization Agreement,” Oct. 21, 2009. Center for Arms Control and Nonproliferation: Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, Chalmers Johnson, America’s Empire of Bases. Commission on Wartime Contracting in Iraq and Afghanistan, Interim Report, June 2009: Company Pay.Com: corp.asp?yr=2008 corp.asp?yr=2008 86

87 Sources, continued CNN, Congress to Probe Private Military Contractors in Afghanistan: Congressional Joint Economic Committee Majority Report. War At Any Price?: 9af9-716c-d2ecbc191d33&Region_id=&Issue_id= 9af9-716c-d2ecbc191d33&Region_id=&Issue_id Congressional Research Service Report RL 33110, September 28, 2009 Congressional Research Service Report R40764, September 21, 2009, Congressional Research Service Report RL 33222, US Foreign Aid to Israel, Congressional Research Service: Anita Dancs, Mary Orisich, Suzanne Smith, The Military Costs of Securing Energy (National Priorities Project – October 2008) Tom Englehardt: Tomdispatch, bout_your_military/?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+to mdispatch%2FesUU+%28TomDispatch%3A+The+latest+Tomgram%29 bout_your_military/?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+to mdispatch%2FesUU+%28TomDispatch%3A+The+latest+Tomgram%29 87

88 Sources, continued Foreign Policy in Focus: Foreign Policy in Focus, A Unified Security Budget: Friends Committee on National Legislation, “Keeping Military Spending in Balance with the Nation’s Priorities,” March 16, 2009. William Hartung and Michelle Ciarrocca, “ Corporate Think Tanks and the Doctrine of Aggressive Militarism,” The Multinational Monitor, Jan/Feb. 2003. Huck Gutman, Iraq Coalition Casualties: Jeremy Scahill, interviewed by Bill Moyers, June 2009. John Feffer, “Good War vs. Great Society,” Foreign Policy in Focus, Sept. 22, 2009. Joseph Stiglitz and Linda Bilmes, The Three Trillion Dollar War, Norton & Co., 2008. Just Foreign Policy: National Priorities Project: http://www.nationalpriorities.org National Priorities Project Security Spending Primer: 88

89 Sources, continued National Priorities Project, Out of Balance: balance balance National Priorities Project, President’s Budget FY 2011: Newser: Open Secrets: loy=&cand= and loy=&cand Peace Corps Web Site, Political Economy Research Institute, U. of Mass., Robert Pollin and Heidi Garrett-Peltier, “The U.S. Employment Effects of Military and Domestic Spending Priorities,”, Oct. 9, 2009: http://www.ips- Project on Defense Alternatives: Project on Defense Alternatives, Project on Government Oversight, 20090421.html 20090421.html Refugees International: 89

90 Sources, continued Reuters, Chinese Military Spending: Right Web: Committee for the Liberation of Iraq: http://www.rightweb.irc- U.S. Budget: United States Navy Fact File,, accessed November 15, 2009. War Resisters League: Ycharts: Lockheed Martin: 90

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