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The Rise of Ancient Greece 700 B.C.-336 B.C. By Sam Irving.

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Presentation on theme: "The Rise of Ancient Greece 700 B.C.-336 B.C. By Sam Irving."— Presentation transcript:

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2 The Rise of Ancient Greece 700 B.C.-336 B.C. By Sam Irving

3 Religion Polytheistic: worshiped many gods Polytheistic: worshiped many gods Humanized deities Humanized deities Zeus: chief god Zeus: chief god Sky and weather Sky and weather

4 Polis Independent city-state Independent city-state Formed colonies to grow grain for the Polis Formed colonies to grow grain for the Polis

5 Population Citizens Citizens Vote & own property Vote & own property Expected to serve in the government and military Expected to serve in the government and military The minority The minority Non-Citizens Non-Citizens Slaves, foreign-born, & women Slaves, foreign-born, & women The majority The majority

6 Athens and Sparta

7 Sparta Oligarchy: rule by a few wealthy people Oligarchy: rule by a few wealthy people Women had more freedom and rights than in other city-states. Women had more freedom and rights than in other city-states. Military Society Military Society Invasion over colonization Invasion over colonization 200,000 slaves, 10,000 Spartans 200,000 slaves, 10,000 Spartans

8 Athens Democracy: rule by all citizens Democracy: rule by all citizens Constitution (507 B.C.): made all free, Athenian-born men citizens Constitution (507 B.C.): made all free, Athenian-born men citizens Focused on education and public service Focused on education and public service Culture, art, and philosophy flourished Culture, art, and philosophy flourished

9 Let’s compare Athens and Sparta.

10 Greek Philosophers What is philosophy?

11 Socrates (470 B.C.-399 B.C.) Absolute truth Socratic Questioning Sentenced to death for corrupting the youth of Athens.

12 “The School of Athens” by Raphael (1510)

13 Plato & Aristotle

14 Plato’s “Allegory of the Cave”

15 Plato Wrote The Republic Wrote The Republic Community over the individual Community over the individual Rule by philosopher-kings Rule by philosopher-kings “World of appearance” perceived by the senses. “World of appearance” perceived by the senses. “Real world” understood through logic and reason. “Real world” understood through logic and reason.

16 Aristotle Valued knowledge from the senses Logic Example: The Syllogism If A then B A Therefore B

17 Let’s take a closer look at Plato.

18 Wars of Classical Greece ( B.C.) Hoplites (Greek Soldiers) in a Phalanx formation

19 Persian Empire: strongest military power

20 Persian Wars (499B.C.-479 B.C.) Persians sought expansion into Europe. Persians sought expansion into Europe. Greek city-states cooperated and forced Persians back to Asia. Greek city-states cooperated and forced Persians back to Asia.

21 Who fought in the next war?

22 Peloponnesian War (431 B.C B.C.) Athenian Empire vs. Spartan-led alliance Weakens all city states Led to an invasion of Greece

23 Macedonia Conquers Greece 338 B.C. North of Greece in the Balkan Peninsula. North of Greece in the Balkan Peninsula. Greek Influenced Culture Greek Influenced Culture Greek-influenced language. Greek-influenced language. Greek-style army Greek-style army

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25 Alex

26 Alexander the Great Ruled the Macedonian empire from 336 B.C. to 323 B.C. Ruled the Macedonian empire from 336 B.C. to 323 B.C. Extended empire south to Egypt and east to the Indus river. Extended empire south to Egypt and east to the Indus river. Political unity of Alexander’s empire ended with his death. Political unity of Alexander’s empire ended with his death. Led to the Hellenistic (“to imitate Greeks”) Era Led to the Hellenistic (“to imitate Greeks”) Era

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29 Works Cited "300 Poster." MeOwns meOwns. 7 Aug "Alexander Movie - Poster." Macedonia. 7 Aug "Ancient Greece Map." 7 Aug "Aristotle and Alexander the Great." The Life and Successes of Alexander the Great. ArtToday. 7 Aug Brown, Robert W. Lecture Notes: Ancient Civilizations University of North Carolina at Pembroke. 27 May Farah, Mounir A., and Andrea B. Karls. World History: The Human Experience. New York: McGraw-Hill,

30 Hanson, Hardy. Thucydides' History of the Peloponnesian War Brooklyn College. 27 May "Hoplites." Outside Context Wordpress. 7 Aug "Macedonian Expansion 348 BC." Philip II of Macedonia Biography. historyofmacedonia.org. 7 Aug "Map of the Persian Empire." Lecture Notes: Ancient Civilizations. Ed. Robert W. Brown. 23 Jan The University of North Carolina at Pembroke. 7 Aug Mayhew, Scott. "Allegory of the Cave." Plato's Allegory of the Cave. 7 Aug "Mount Olympus." 7 Aug

31 "Ostracon." Positive Liberty. Oct Positive Liberty. 7 Aug "Peloponnesian War." Thucydides and War. 7 Aug "Plato." Darwen.us/Southcon. 7 Aug "Socrates." Education. "The School of Athens." Colloquium on Medieval Civilization. 23 Apr Seton Hall University. 7 Aug "The Security Systems of Athens and Sparta." Discovery Education Discovery Education. 7 Aug

32 "The victorious Alexander the Great in the Battle of Issus against Persian King Darius in 333 B.C." Alexander the Great Encyclopedia. 7 Aug "This is Sparta." Wikimedia Commons. 25 Apr Wikimedia Foundation. 7 Aug "This Is Sparta Map." My Space. 7 Aug "Warring Hoplites." The Peloponnesian War-World History for Kids. KidsKnowIt Network. 7 Aug "Zeus." Ancient Greek Art: Zeus. Ed. Aaron Atsma Theoi Project Copyright. 7 Aug

33 Themes Review Apply seven of the nine world history themes to ancient Greece. Display one of these applications in a symbolic image. Apply seven of the nine world history themes to ancient Greece. Display one of these applications in a symbolic image.


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