Presentation on theme: "BAKU (My Hometown). Baku is an old city Baku is the capital and largest city of Azerbaijan. It is the largest city on the Caspian Sea and of the Caucasus."— Presentation transcript:
BAKU (My Hometown)
Baku is an old city Baku is the capital and largest city of Azerbaijan. It is the largest city on the Caspian Sea and of the Caucasus region. Baku is divided into eleven administrative districts (raions) and 48 townships. The city is the scientific, cultural and industrial center of Azerbaijan.
About City Baku is located 28 metres below sea level, which makes it the lowest lying national capital in the world. The seafront is one of the most beautiful places in Baku.
The name Baku means “Wind-pounded city” from Persian names of the city Bad-Kube, in which bad means “Wind” and kube is the verb kubidan, “ to pound”. It has the city’s nickname as the “City of Winds”. Also a folk etymology explains the name as deriving from Baghkuy, meaning “God’s town”.
The first written evidence for Baku dates to the 1-st century AD. The city became important after an earthquake destroyed Shamakhy in the 12-th century, when the ruling Shirvanshah, Akhsitan I, chose Baku as the new capital.
There are a lot of nice places and outstanding landmarks in Baku. Baku Boulevard is a pedestrian promenade that runs parallel to Baku's seafront. The boulevard contains an amusement park, yacht club, musical fountain, statues and monuments. The park is popular with dog-walkers and joggers, and is convenient for tourists.
Boulevard Baku Boulevard is one of the most beautiful places in Baku.
The architecture of Baku contains a wide variety of styles. For example, Bazaar’s building, dates back to the 12th century. Near this Bazaar, there is an ancient Caranavserai. It’s a hotel for guest businessmen. Nowadays, Caravanserai is not only a monument, but also a popular restaurant.
The center of Baku consists essentially of monuments. National Library of Azerbaijan Across from it, there is the surviving fragment of the city wall with gate. This fortification was built up from 12 to 19 century.
Maiden Tower The Maiden Tower is one of the main symbols of Baku. It was constructed in the 12th century, or possibly earlier. There are a lot of legends. According to one of the most popular legends, it was a shah, himself the girl's father, who fell in love with her and wanted to marry her. But the girl tried to delay her father's advances by begging him to build the tower and wait until it was completed. When he completed it, he had still not changed his mind. That's when she leaped into the sea.
Baku has got 7 theatres, 30 museums, including The Art Museum, Azerbaijan Carpet Museum, folk art and craft museum and others.