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Society and cultures of Pakistan 9.2.1 Culture –Total life style and overall behavior of society which includes language, dress, living, habits, customs,

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Presentation on theme: "Society and cultures of Pakistan 9.2.1 Culture –Total life style and overall behavior of society which includes language, dress, living, habits, customs,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Society and cultures of Pakistan Culture –Total life style and overall behavior of society which includes language, dress, living, habits, customs, beliefs, and traditions etc –Diversity = acceptance of positive variations, variety in all aspects of life –Unity = condition of brotherhood of respecting each other, Urdu language, religion –National cohesion = Urdu an instrument, common script of all languages –Integration = coordination of mental processes, Urdu a national solidarity, common heritage and struggle of freedom

2 basic features of Pakistani society –Religious uniformity and diversity –Mixed culture (Muslim, Hindu, British) Dowry system English an official language –Male-oriented society –Simplicity –Simple dress and diet –Easy languages Dowry system English an official language –Literature –Handicrafts –Sports –Ulema, Mashaikh and Sufi poets

3 Elements influence unity, national cohesion, integrity, Language Diversity Values / beliefs Shared resources Government structure

4 Class difference and social inequalities Intolerance Terrorism Rich and poor Multiple standard of education, food, housing Posh and poor localities Elite Cantonment ? Civil line and Garibabad Master and servant Hindu caste system Muslim Hidden caste and class difference

5 Diversity Regional disparity –Cultural dress (Provinces) –Languages –Cultural Festivals –Cultural heritages / customs – dress w.r.t climate & social occasions –Fine Art –Handicraft

6 Role and status of woman Important part of family manages all affairs with the limits, household keeping, upbringing of children Right of education Right of business Right of property Right in heritage Right to rule the country

7 Major features of \Pakistani culture History and ideology Attraction forces Dynamics of culture due to influence of other culture Strong religious values Mixed dress Multiple languages Rich literature Rich heritages Religious unity

8 Festivals Cultural festivalsReligious festivals Sibi festival Sindh horse and cattle show Basnat Shandor polo festival Lok mela National horse and cattle show Lahore Saints mela Eid-ul-Fitre Eid-ul-Azha Milad of Prophet (PBUH) Ashoora Shab-e-Barat Shab-e-Qadr Shab-e-Meraj

9 9.3.4 Role of mass media in culture New technologies; camera, phonograph, radio, TV, dramas source of culture culture became more democratic as modern technology and mass media allowed it to reach more people. Holloywood, Bollywood cultural dominance through mass media Foods, dresses, hair style, language etc modified due to mass media Media brings diverse voice, ideas, critique of government, trade,

10 Origin and Evolution of Urdu 300 years old Arabic, Persian and Turkish gave birth to Hindi, Hindustani, Shahjahani and finally in Urdu Amir Khursro, Sir Syed, Maulanai Shibli, Allama Iqbal flourished Urdu Urdu reached in whole subcontinent 16 th century 1947 Urdu national language of Pakistan

11 Significance of Urdu Vehicle of communication National cohesion or binding force of various parts of Pakistan Source of rich historical literature Quranic translation in Urdu National Language of country Medium of instructions in institutions

12 Popular poets: Amir Khusro, Allama Iqbal, Ghalib Popular writers: Allama Iqba, Sir Syed, Deputy Nazir Ahmed, Maulanai Hali, Maulana Shibli, Popular folklores: Arif Lohar, Noor Jehan, Lata,

13 Role of English Language as an official language Official communitarian at local, national and international level Source of information Medium of instruction in many institutions Source of international trade Its international passport Important for globalization

14 9.5 Art and architectural heritages Taxila Kot Dijian settlement Mohenjodaro Indus valley Harapa Taxila Mansura, Bhambore Gandhra civilization

15 name and significance Archaeological and historical sites of Pakistan Bambhore Taxila Harapa Lahore Thatta Moenjo daro Kot Diji Hyderabad Makil Karachi


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