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Chapter 7 in the History Alive! Textbook. Muhammad, the founder of Islam was born on the peninsula in about 570 C.E. Muhammad, the founder of Islam was.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 7 in the History Alive! Textbook. Muhammad, the founder of Islam was born on the peninsula in about 570 C.E. Muhammad, the founder of Islam was."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 7 in the History Alive! Textbook

2 Muhammad, the founder of Islam was born on the peninsula in about 570 C.E. Muhammad, the founder of Islam was born on the peninsula in about 570 C.E. Arabian peninsula is in the southwest Asia, between the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf* Arabian peninsula is in the southwest Asia, between the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf* Most of the people living in Arabia in the 6 th century were Arabs** Most of the people living in Arabia in the 6 th century were Arabs** From the air, you see vast deserts dotted by oases. Coastal plains line the southern and western coasts. Mountain ranges divide these coastal plains from the deserts. From the air, you see vast deserts dotted by oases. Coastal plains line the southern and western coasts. Mountain ranges divide these coastal plains from the deserts. The hot, dry Arabian Peninsula is a challenging place to live. The hot, dry Arabian Peninsula is a challenging place to live.

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4 Arabia lies at the crossroads of Asia, Africa, and Europe* Arabia lies at the crossroads of Asia, Africa, and Europe* A great deal of trade passed through this region** A great deal of trade passed through this region** As early as 2000 BCE, the people of Arabia served as middlemen in the trade between these lands*** As early as 2000 BCE, the people of Arabia served as middlemen in the trade between these lands*** Knowledge, ideas, technology, and goods flowed through Arab lands**** Knowledge, ideas, technology, and goods flowed through Arab lands****

5 About ¾ of the Arabian Peninsula is covered by desert which includes vast seas of sand, plains, and plateaus (a raised area of flat land) About ¾ of the Arabian Peninsula is covered by desert which includes vast seas of sand, plains, and plateaus (a raised area of flat land) Environment* Environment* Adaptations Adaptations – Shelter** – Transportation*** – Clothing/Nutrition**** Some Bedouins controlled the valuable trade routes that linked towns and villages. Merchants operated caravans that carried goods across the desert***** Some Bedouins controlled the valuable trade routes that linked towns and villages. Merchants operated caravans that carried goods across the desert*****

6 The desert is dotted with oases, areas where fresh water is available The desert is dotted with oases, areas where fresh water is available Oases are important because they provide plant life and shade as well as water Oases are important because they provide plant life and shade as well as water Environment* Environment* Adaptations** Adaptations** A number of towns developed around oases, linked by tracks through the desert*** A number of towns developed around oases, linked by tracks through the desert***

7 It runs along the coasts of the peninsula and separates inland plateaus from the Red Sea, the Arabian Sea, and the Persian Gulf. It runs along the coasts of the peninsula and separates inland plateaus from the Red Sea, the Arabian Sea, and the Persian Gulf. Environment* Environment* Adaptations** Adaptations**

8 Arabia’s largest mountain ranges run along the western and southern edges of the peninsula. They divide the coastal plain from the desert. Arabia’s largest mountain ranges run along the western and southern edges of the peninsula. They divide the coastal plain from the desert. Environment* Environment* Adaptations** Adaptations**


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