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ENLIGHTENMENT IDEAS SPREAD Objective: SWBAT identify the roles that censorship and salons played in the spread of new ideas.

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Presentation on theme: "ENLIGHTENMENT IDEAS SPREAD Objective: SWBAT identify the roles that censorship and salons played in the spread of new ideas."— Presentation transcript:

1 ENLIGHTENMENT IDEAS SPREAD Objective: SWBAT identify the roles that censorship and salons played in the spread of new ideas

2 Do Now12/12/12  Grab test off the table – you’ll have the first 5 minutes to look over your answers  Pick up guided notes

3 New Ideas Challenge Society  Prior to Enlightenment people accepted the ideas of  divine right,  strict class system,  & belief in heavenly reward for earthly suffering  Educated people read Diderot’s encyclopedia  More people saw that reform was necessary  A just society should ensure social justice and happiness  Not everyone agreed with these new ideas

4 Writers Face Censorship  church and government authorities felt they had a sacred duty to defend the old order (GOD)  Waged a war = censorship  restricted access to ideas and information  banned and burned books  imprisoned writers  Voltaire (Bastille)

5 Persian Letters  To avoid censorship writers disguised work as fiction  Persian Letters  Montesquieu  two fictional characters  Usbek and Rica  mocked French society  To avoid censorship writers disguised work as fiction  Persian Letters  Montesquieu  two fictional characters  Usbek and Rica  mocked French society

6 Writers Face Censorship  Voltaire  Candide 1759:  travels across Europe, the Americas and the Middle East  looking for the “best of all possible worlds”  Used this tale to expose the corruption and hypocrisy of European Society

7 Ideas Spread in Salons  Salons  informal social gatherings  writers, artists, philosophes, & others exchanged ideas  1600s noble women in Paris – poetry readings  1700s middle class women  allowed middle class citizens to meet with nobility on an equal level to discuss & spread Enlightenment ideas  Salons  informal social gatherings  writers, artists, philosophes, & others exchanged ideas  1600s noble women in Paris – poetry readings  1700s middle class women  allowed middle class citizens to meet with nobility on an equal level to discuss & spread Enlightenment ideas

8 Salons  Madame Geoffrin  Rue St. Honore  Brought together best and brightest  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart played for her guests

9 Composers  Classical music  Ballets & operas  opera houses formed across Europe  Growing middle class could now afford to pay for concerts  Classical music  Ballets & operas  opera houses formed across Europe  Growing middle class could now afford to pay for concerts

10 Composers  Johann Sebastian Bach – religious works  Organ and choirs  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  Child prodigy – developed new styles  Died at 35 in poverty  Johann Sebastian Bach – religious works  Organ and choirs  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  Child prodigy – developed new styles  Died at 35 in poverty

11 Symphony 40 Requiem Marriage of Figero Bach

12 Enlightened Despots  Frederick the Great  Prussia  “first servant of the state”  Work for the common good  Frederick the Great  Prussia  “first servant of the state”  Work for the common good

13 Enlightened Despots  Catherine the Great  Russia  Equality and liberty  Abolished torture and established religious tolerance  Catherine the Great  Russia  Equality and liberty  Abolished torture and established religious tolerance

14 Enlightened Despots  Joseph II  Austria  Religious equality  Ended censorship  free press  Abolished serfdom  All ended after his death  Joseph II  Austria  Religious equality  Ended censorship  free press  Abolished serfdom  All ended after his death

15 Exit Ticket How did censorship and the emergence of salons play a role in spreading the ideas of the Enlightenment?


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