Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

The 80s, 90s, and beyond Reagan & the End of the Cold War Reagan brought w/ him conservatism: political philosophy that opposes high taxes, government.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "The 80s, 90s, and beyond Reagan & the End of the Cold War Reagan brought w/ him conservatism: political philosophy that opposes high taxes, government."— Presentation transcript:

1

2 The 80s, 90s, and beyond

3 Reagan & the End of the Cold War Reagan brought w/ him conservatism: political philosophy that opposes high taxes, government spending, & numerous federal social programs Reagan brought w/ him conservatism: political philosophy that opposes high taxes, government spending, & numerous federal social programs He introduced Reaganomics – economic plan based on supply-side economics He introduced Reaganomics – economic plan based on supply-side economics –The economy would be stimulated & if the supply of goods increased – Lift government regulation and taxes off business

4 Advocated that the benefits felt by business owners would eventually “trickle down” to consumers and the average working class. The effect: massive spending combined w/ less revenue from taxes contributed to a record national DEBT Trickle down theory

5 The Empire Strikes Reagan was convinced that the USSR could not be trusted & they would stop short of nothing but worldwide domination Reagan was convinced that the USSR could not be trusted & they would stop short of nothing but worldwide domination Initiated SDI (the Strategic Defense Initiative) – “Star Wars” Initiated SDI (the Strategic Defense Initiative) – “Star Wars” –A satellite shield that could prevent Soviet missiles from ever reaching their target

6 Evil Empire Mikhail Gorbachev became the leader of USSR in 1985 Mikhail Gorbachev became the leader of USSR in 1985 In 1987, Reagan and Gorbachev signed the INF Treaty – reducing the number of US and Soviet missiles in Europe In 1987, Reagan and Gorbachev signed the INF Treaty – reducing the number of US and Soviet missiles in Europe

7 The Curtain comes down Gorbachev realized that the hurting Soviet economy could not sustain an arms race with the US any longer. Gorbachev realized that the hurting Soviet economy could not sustain an arms race with the US any longer. Glasnost – political openness Glasnost – political openness Perestroika – restructuring of the economy to allow limited free enterprise Perestroika – restructuring of the economy to allow limited free enterprise On Nov. 9, 1989 the East German government announced that people could travel freely to West Berlin. On Nov. 9, 1989 the East German government announced that people could travel freely to West Berlin.

8 Iran-Contra Affair Nervous about communism spreading in Central America Nervous about communism spreading in Central America Nicaragua was ruled by a pro-Soviet government known as the Sandinistas Nicaragua was ruled by a pro-Soviet government known as the Sandinistas To counter the Sandinistas, the US secretly provided training & support for Nicaraguan rebels known as the Contras To counter the Sandinistas, the US secretly provided training & support for Nicaraguan rebels known as the Contras

9 Two Bushes & a “New Democrat” In 1990, Iraq’s leader, Saddam Hussein invaded the neighboring country of Kuwait In 1990, Iraq’s leader, Saddam Hussein invaded the neighboring country of Kuwait Due in part to the US reliance on oil from Kuwait & nearby Saudi Arabia, the US worked through the UN to coordinate an alliance of 28 countries that took military action against Iraq Due in part to the US reliance on oil from Kuwait & nearby Saudi Arabia, the US worked through the UN to coordinate an alliance of 28 countries that took military action against Iraq The war lasted 42 days & resulted in the liberation of Kuwait The war lasted 42 days & resulted in the liberation of Kuwait Operation Desert Storm (Persian Gulf War) Operation Desert Storm (Persian Gulf War)

10 Terrorism Grows Religious fanatics in the Middle East developed due to a dislike of the US after the Persian Gulf War Religious fanatics in the Middle East developed due to a dislike of the US after the Persian Gulf War The two most prominent are the Taliban in Afghanistan and al Qaeda which is spread all over the Middle East. The two most prominent are the Taliban in Afghanistan and al Qaeda which is spread all over the Middle East.

11 Terrorist Activity Based in the Taliban in Afghanistan and al Qaeda. Based in the Taliban in Afghanistan and al Qaeda. The US kept an eye on Saddam Hussein due to the growing terrorist threat in the Middle East The US kept an eye on Saddam Hussein due to the growing terrorist threat in the Middle East USS Cole is bombed in port in Yemen USS Cole is bombed in port in Yemen

12 Clinton’s Foreign Policy in the Middle East Continued support for Israel while trying to resolve the Palestinians had to land claims in Israel Continued support for Israel while trying to resolve the Palestinians had to land claims in Israel When leadership of the two groups changed the headway that had been made came to a standstill When leadership of the two groups changed the headway that had been made came to a standstill Somalia- a mission to aid in Somalia – “black hawk down” incident caused us to have to withdraw from that area Somalia- a mission to aid in Somalia – “black hawk down” incident caused us to have to withdraw from that area

13 In Other Area Brought a peace agreement in Northern Ireland between the Catholics and Protestants Brought a peace agreement in Northern Ireland between the Catholics and Protestants As part of a NATO mission in the Balkans we were able to put a stop to another case of “ethnic cleansing” and established peace there. As part of a NATO mission in the Balkans we were able to put a stop to another case of “ethnic cleansing” and established peace there.

14 The Clinton Presidency Under Clinton, the nation went from having a massive budget deficit to a budget surplus (spending less money than the government has in a given year) Under Clinton, the nation went from having a massive budget deficit to a budget surplus (spending less money than the government has in a given year) The US also ratified NAFTA (the North American Free Trade Agreement), which promoted free trade between the US, Canada, Mexico The US also ratified NAFTA (the North American Free Trade Agreement), which promoted free trade between the US, Canada, Mexico Labor unions feared it would cost Americans jobs because businesses would move out of the country Labor unions feared it would cost Americans jobs because businesses would move out of the country

15 GATT Treaty Worldwide agreement to lower tariffs Worldwide agreement to lower tariffs Created more competition for American businesses Created more competition for American businesses This and NAFTA have led to American companies downsizing This and NAFTA have led to American companies downsizing Many Americans blame labor unions for us not being able to compete in the world market Many Americans blame labor unions for us not being able to compete in the world market

16 Clinton Domestic Issues Balancing the budget Balancing the budget Healthcare Reform Healthcare Reform New restrictions on “entitlements” such as welfare New restrictions on “entitlements” such as welfare -put limits on how much a family could receive and how long they could receive it - put more conditions on qualifying for food stamps Recession Recession

17 Scandal & Impeachment The Whitewater Affair: During his first term, Clinton was accused of taking part in fraudulent business practices in Arkansas & using his influence as governor to cover them up. The Whitewater Affair: During his first term, Clinton was accused of taking part in fraudulent business practices in Arkansas & using his influence as governor to cover them up. –Some of the Clinton’s associates were convicted of crimes, but not the Clintons

18 Scandal & Impeachment Paula Jones accused Clinton of sexual harassment before he became president. Paula Jones accused Clinton of sexual harassment before he became president. During the investigation, Clinton was asked about the nature of his relationship with a White House intern named Monica Lewinski During the investigation, Clinton was asked about the nature of his relationship with a White House intern named Monica Lewinski –Under oath, Clinton denied he had had any relationship with ML –Later he appeared on television to admit having a relationship that was “inappropriate”

19 Scandal

20 Scandal and Impeachment Special prosecutors presented to the House of Representatives a report that listed grounds for impeachment Special prosecutors presented to the House of Representatives a report that listed grounds for impeachment On December 18, 1998 the House voted to impeach Clinton On December 18, 1998 the House voted to impeach Clinton He was only the second president in history to be impeached (Andrew Johnson was the first) He was only the second president in history to be impeached (Andrew Johnson was the first) The presidency survived after he was acquitted by the Senate The presidency survived after he was acquitted by the Senate

21 The Middle East & the Rise of Terrorism The alliance between the US & Israel has been one of the factors making the US a major target of Islamic terrorists The alliance between the US & Israel has been one of the factors making the US a major target of Islamic terrorists The terrorists subscribe to a radical form of Islam which advocates violence to overthrow the US & other western nations The terrorists subscribe to a radical form of Islam which advocates violence to overthrow the US & other western nations The best known Islamic group is Al-Qaeda with Osama bin Laden at the head of the organization The best known Islamic group is Al-Qaeda with Osama bin Laden at the head of the organization

22 Terrorism Al-Qaeda gained international attention when linked to US embassy bombings in Tanzania and Kenya Al-Qaeda gained international attention when linked to US embassy bombings in Tanzania and Kenya The attacks on September 11, 2001 The attacks on September 11, 2001 Bush had been in office eight months on 9/11 and responded by declaring a “war on terror” Bush had been in office eight months on 9/11 and responded by declaring a “war on terror”

23 Bush’s Response The Department of Homeland Security was created to increase airline security & institute a color-coded terrorist alert system to warn the public when there is increased reason to fear a terrorist attack The Department of Homeland Security was created to increase airline security & institute a color-coded terrorist alert system to warn the public when there is increased reason to fear a terrorist attack The Patriot Act increased the authority of US law enforcement agencies and allowed them greater latitude in what measures they used to obtain information The Patriot Act increased the authority of US law enforcement agencies and allowed them greater latitude in what measures they used to obtain information

24 Operation Enduring Freedom The US knew bin Laden was in Afghanistan (protected by the Taliban) The US knew bin Laden was in Afghanistan (protected by the Taliban) The US insisted that the Taliban hand over bin Laden, the Taliban refused, offering instead to try bin Laden in an Islamic court The US insisted that the Taliban hand over bin Laden, the Taliban refused, offering instead to try bin Laden in an Islamic court The US would not consider such a deal and in October of 2001 launched Operation Enduring Freedom The US would not consider such a deal and in October of 2001 launched Operation Enduring Freedom

25 War in Iraq As part of the war on terror, Bush felt that the US needed to strike first against terrorists & state-sponsored terrorism As part of the war on terror, Bush felt that the US needed to strike first against terrorists & state-sponsored terrorism The US-led coalition launched the War in Iraq based on intelligence from several nations suggesting that the Iraqi leader, Saddam Hussein had ties to Al-Qaeda and that he possessed weapons of mass destruction The US-led coalition launched the War in Iraq based on intelligence from several nations suggesting that the Iraqi leader, Saddam Hussein had ties to Al-Qaeda and that he possessed weapons of mass destruction

26 War in Iraq The alleged “weapons of mass destruction” were never found The alleged “weapons of mass destruction” were never found The Hussein government (as well as the leader) was removed from power The Hussein government (as well as the leader) was removed from power Iraq has formed a new democratic government Iraq has formed a new democratic government Written a new constitution Written a new constitution Greater opportunities for women Greater opportunities for women

27 Nuclear Proliferation In his 2002 State of the Union address, Bush referred to what he called an “axis of evil.” These countries were accused of sponsoring terrorism In his 2002 State of the Union address, Bush referred to what he called an “axis of evil.” These countries were accused of sponsoring terrorism –Iraq –Iran –North Korea Among the concerns is that of nuclear proliferation (the spread of nuclear weapons to nations that don’t already have them) Eight nations are believed to have weapons: The US Russia China France Great Britain India Pakistan Israel

28 Nuclear Proliferation - NK North Korea had conducted recent missile test launches & claim to have successfully tested nuclear weapons North Korea had conducted recent missile test launches & claim to have successfully tested nuclear weapons Evidence suggests that the claims are true & has caused the US and other nations to call for UN sanctions against North Korea Evidence suggests that the claims are true & has caused the US and other nations to call for UN sanctions against North Korea

29 Nuclear Proliferation - Iran Iran does not yet have nuclear weapons, but is openly pursuing the kind of uranium that could lead to such technology. Iran does not yet have nuclear weapons, but is openly pursuing the kind of uranium that could lead to such technology. Iran claims that their only interest is in developing nuclear power for peaceful uses. Iran claims that their only interest is in developing nuclear power for peaceful uses. However, their oil supply, history of hostility towards the US and open calls for Israel’s destruction make Iran’s nuclear program a matter of great importance to the world However, their oil supply, history of hostility towards the US and open calls for Israel’s destruction make Iran’s nuclear program a matter of great importance to the world

30 Economic Disparity Economic disparity refers to the differences in income and assets that exist when comparing individuals and/or different populations within a society Economic disparity refers to the differences in income and assets that exist when comparing individuals and/or different populations within a society

31 What to do? How to deal with the reality of economic disparity is often an issue of political debate How to deal with the reality of economic disparity is often an issue of political debate –Conservatives tend to advocate less government control, providing equal opportunity for all citizens to pursue success without hindering the process with high taxes & excessive regulation –Liberals believe that the government should get involved, favoring higher taxes that can be pumped into government programs

32 Barack Obama

33 Recap The wall came down The wall came down Terrorism went up Terrorism went up Currently troops remain in Afghanistan & Iraq Currently troops remain in Afghanistan & Iraq Other countries are seeking nuclear weapons Other countries are seeking nuclear weapons The economy is still a roller coaster ride The economy is still a roller coaster ride –With a very high government deficit –And economic disparity that no one has an answer we can all agree upon. –Barack Obama First African America president –

34


Download ppt "The 80s, 90s, and beyond Reagan & the End of the Cold War Reagan brought w/ him conservatism: political philosophy that opposes high taxes, government."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google