Presentation on theme: "– Ionian Revolt 498 BC – A revolt broke out on the Ionian Peninsula when Darius I started consolidating Persia's western conquests near the Aegean sea."— Presentation transcript:
– Ionian Revolt 498 BC – A revolt broke out on the Ionian Peninsula when Darius I started consolidating Persia's western conquests near the Aegean sea. The Greek cities of Miletus and the island of Samos in Asia Minor under Persian control revolt against Persian rule. The cities received help from mainland Greece mainly Athens. Persians defeat Ionian Greeks after a 4 year revolt – then plan to invade mainland Greece. – Battle of Marathon 490BC- one of the largest and earliest recorded battles in classical antiquity, nearly 11,000 Athenians held their own against some 200,000 Persians. Athens defeats Persian invasion. Victory over the Persian invaders gave the fledgling Greek city states confidence in their ability to defend themselves This battle is considered a defining moment in the development of European culture.
Thermopylae 480 B.C – – A large Persian force of roughly 200,000 marched along the Aegean Sea into Greece. – This force was accompanied by a large navy – Soldiers from many Greek city states convened at the Isthmus of Corinth chose to defend a narrow mountain pass called Thermopylae. first two days the Greeks were very successful a Persian force found a route around the pass 300 Spartan and 700 Thespian soldiers volunteered to hold the pass allow soldiers from other city-states flee in order to fight again.
Salamis – turning point in the Greco-Persian War – showed the naval supremacy of Athens. – The Persian navy was utterly destroyed, leaving the ground troops with no support Tactic- – Themistocles stationed Athenian ships in the Strait of Salamis. – Themistocles employed a tactic similar to Leonidas at Thermopylae. – aligned smaller, faster ships across the strait – the straight was narrow, and very few of the larger Persian ships could go through at a time, much like the mountain pass at Thermopylae. – the faster Greek triremes could outmaneuver and sink the Persian shipstriremes – this was achieved by the trireme spearing the hull with a large ram on the front
Plataea – the Persian army retreated from Thermopylae and met at the city-state of Plataea – Xerxes had returned to Persia, and left his top general Mardonius in command – the Greeks had pulled many more city states into the alliance – The Greek and Persian armies were equal in size over 100,000 each The Greeks destroyed the Persian force – about 1,000 Greeks were killed – Only 43,000 Persians survived and Mardonius was killed in the battle