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Objectives Summarize how the Persian Wars affected Greece.

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Presentation on theme: "Objectives Summarize how the Persian Wars affected Greece."— Presentation transcript:

1 Objectives Summarize how the Persian Wars affected Greece.
Explain how Pericles instituted a direct democracy in Athens. Understand the causes and effects of the Peloponnesian War.

2 Terms and People alliance – a formal agreement between two or more nations or powers to cooperate and come to one another’s defense Pericles – Greek statesman during Athens’ golden age direct democracy – a system of government in which citizens take part directly in the day-to-day affairs of government stipend – a fixed salary

3 Terms and People (continued)
jury – a panel of citizens who have the authority to make the final judgment in a trial ostracism – a process by which a public figure is banished from the city for a period of years 3

4 How did war with invaders and conflict among Greeks affect the city-states?
Greek city-states often fought one another. However, when Greeks were threatened by the Persians, they eventually united to defend their independence.

5 Persians conquered a huge empire in Asia, including the Greek city-state Ionia.
Athens sent ships to help the Ionians. The Persians decided to punish them. The Persians invaded Athens, but the Athenians, although outnumbered, were victorious. The Athenian leader Themistocles knew they would be attacked again. Athens joined with Sparta and other Greek city-states to fight a new Persian invasion.


7 When the Persians arrived as Themistocles predicted, they were greeted by Spartan warriors.
The Persians defeated the Spartans and moved on to Athens, but it was empty. Its inhabitants had withdrawn. Athenians lured Persian ships to a narrow strait and sank them.

8 The Persian invasions ended when the Greeks defeated them on land.
It organized a formal alliance with other Greek city- states called the Delian League. Athens used its leadership position to create an empire, dominating the other members. Athens emerged from the war as the most powerful city-state. 8

9 Athens experienced a golden age from 460 B.C. to 429 B.C.
Even poor men could serve in government, because those who participated in the assembly received a stipend. Pericles, a skilled statesman, led Athens during this period. At this time, Athens was a direct democracy. 9

10 Athenians could serve on a jury, which at that time could consist of hundreds or thousands of jurors. Citizens could vote to banish public figures from the city in a process called ostracism. During this Age of Pericles, Athens prospered.

11 Athens became the cultural center of Greece, encouraging the arts through festivals and building programs. This increased the city’s prosperity because it gave jobs to artisans and workers.

12 War broke out between Athens and Sparta in 431 B.C.
Not everyone was happy with Athenian domination. Enemies of Athens, including Sparta, formed the Peloponnesian League. War broke out between Athens and Sparta in 431 B.C. This became known as the Peloponnesian War and lasted 27 years. Sparta conquered Athens in 404 B.C. and Greek dominion declined. 12

13 Section Review QuickTake Quiz Know It, Show It Quiz 13

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