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Ancient Persia & Greece. The Persian Empire (Modern Iran) Limited natural resources / rich in mineral resources (G,S,C,T) Cyrus the Great & Darius I =

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Presentation on theme: "Ancient Persia & Greece. The Persian Empire (Modern Iran) Limited natural resources / rich in mineral resources (G,S,C,T) Cyrus the Great & Darius I ="— Presentation transcript:

1 Ancient Persia & Greece

2 The Persian Empire (Modern Iran) Limited natural resources / rich in mineral resources (G,S,C,T) Cyrus the Great & Darius I = Expanded Empire Persian Style of Govt. – Satraps (Royal Relation) – Autonomous Provinces – Province paid tribute / Limited supply of G & S – King = Lawgiver / People = Maintain Traditions Zoroastrianism = – Major Monotheistic Religion – Dualistic (Good v. Evil) – Influenced Judaism & Christianity

3 The Persian Empire ( BCE) Achievements – Spread knowledge of iron metallurgy – Long distance trade route linked India, SW Asia, & Egypt – Held together empire despite diverse peoples b/c of tolerance – Relied on local leaders – Trade & War with Greece = Artistic & Philosophical exchange

4 Ancient Greek City-States Polis = City State & its rural territory Athens & Sparta = – Maritime Power v. Agricultural/ Military Power – Trireme & Hoplite – Reliance on Slave Labor – Athens shift from aristocracy to democracy (Pericles) Overpopulation leads to Colonization & Trade, New Ideas, Spread of Greek Identity/Philosophy Major Conflicts – Persian Wars ( BCE) – Peloponnesian Wars ( )

5 Culture of Classical Greece Common Culture – Olympic Games (776 BCE) – Religious Beliefs / Ceremonies – Slaves / Gender Inequality Greek Religion = Sky gods who represented forces of nature w/human characteristics Philosophy & Thought – Aristotle = Oral Culture – Plato = Written Culture – Herodotus = Research / Recording

6 Alexander & the Hellenistic Age Weakened City States = Macedonian Conquest – Philip of Macedonia – Alexander the Great Alexander’s Empire built upon remnants of the conquered Persian Empire Hellenistic Age ( BCE) – Blending of Greek & Persian Culture (intermarriage) – Stability = Long Distance Trade – Stoicism = Use of reason to lead virtuous lives

7 The Acropolis at Athens

8 Battle of Issus


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