5 Roots of WarA group of Greek City-states were under the control of the Persians known to the Greeks as Ionia.The Ionian Greeks revolted against the Persians and found an ally with Athens on the Greek mainland
6 The WarsThe Persians launched two wars in 10 years on the Greeks – wanted to punish the Greeks and destroy AthensThe Greeks defeated the Persians both times – on land and sea
9 ImpactLittle impact on the Persian Empire since it was massive….but for the Greeks…
10 Impact of the wars on the Greeks Source of prideSignificance of the Battle of MarathonSets up the modern world divide of East and West:Western worldview in which Persia represented Asia and despotism (absolute power, cruel and abusive) where Greece signified Europe and freedomThe Battle of Marathon (Greek: Μάχη τοῦ Μαραθῶνος,Machē tu Marathōnos) took place in 490 BC, during the first Persian invasion of Greece. It was fought between the citizens of Athens, aided by Plataea, and a Persian force commanded by Datis and Artaphernes. The battle was the culmination of the first attempt by Persia, under King Darius I, to subjugateGreece. The Greek army decisively defeated the more numerous Persians, marking a turning point in the Greco-Persian Wars.
11 Greece BOOMS after wars Peak of Athenian DemocracyPoorer classes “rowed their way to citizenship”The Golden Age of Greek Culture – the Parthenon, Greek Theater – Aeschylus, Sophocles, EuripidesSocrates beginning career as a philosopher
12 Glory didn’t lastAthens was made up of a group of thirty Greek city-statesAthens wanted a dominant position – Imperialize – this led to a civil warSparta took the leadThe Peloponnesian War – Athens was defeated