Presentation on theme: "Bell work Answer the questions: Of the 4 types of government (Democracy, tyranny, monarchy or oligarchy), which would you want to be involved in and why?"— Presentation transcript:
Bell work Answer the questions: Of the 4 types of government (Democracy, tyranny, monarchy or oligarchy), which would you want to be involved in and why?
On page 54 Create a flow chart like the one below. It needs to have 4 boxes. Then create a second flow chart with 4 boxes on the next page. Title it: The Persian Wars.
(1)Cyrus the Great the-Great-English/cyruspreview_english.htm the-Great-English/cyruspreview_english.htm A unique ruler who allowed for: – Worship gods of your choice – Live where you like – Freeing of the slaves – Kept the current ruler in power – Paid homage (honored) the cities god(s)
The Persian Wars (3)The Start of War Persian Army had 10,000 trained soldiers called Immortals. Greeks had Hoplites citizen-soldiers – And Spartans: Implements of Death: greece/videos/spartans-implements-of-death (2:30) greece/videos/spartans-implements-of-death Greeks in Anatolia, who were already ruled by Persia, revolt in 499B.C. – The Athenian's send warships to help but Persia crushes the revolt. – King Darius was angry at Athenians for interfering and decides to punish mainland Greeks. Page
(4) Battle of Marathon In 490B.C. 600 Persian ships invade Greece and land at Marathon Athenians were out numbered 10,000 to 200,000 Athenians waited until Persians where loading back into their ships, surprised them and beat them. The Greek messenger, Pheidippides, ran 26.5 miles to Athens, said “victory,” collapsed and died. Modern Marathons are named after this event Greeks Win!
(5) Thermopylae battle of land and sea Darius’s Son, Xerxes, swears revenge on the Athenians Persia invades with 200,000 troops and thousands of warships in 480B.C. Greek city-states band together to fight the Persians King Leonidas led the majority of the Soldiers who were Spartans – Led 7,000 troops for 3 days When a traitor shows Persians how to surround the army, King Leonidas dismisses all but 300 Spartans to hold off the Persians and fight to the death Persians win! Build a bridge across Hellspot: BBC HH: ch?v=ZSGM4YfReQY
( (6)Battle of Salamis Themistocles of Athens directed the Greek Navy – Cut off Persian ships from supply ships Lured the Persian war ships into the Straight of Salamis – Persian ships were too large and crowded to move about in the straight while Greek ships were smaller and faster – 300 Persian warship sank, Greeks loose 40, Persian Fleet almost destroyed Greeks Win! Video: 6minhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PNY-7x5RCqY
(7) Athens Burned During the battle of Salamis, after Persians get around Spartans at Thermopile, Persian foot soldiers march to Athens Because of the battles going on, Athens was almost deserted so the Persians set fire to it.
(8) Plataea790 B.C. Last Persian/ Greek battle Even in numbers with about 100,000 soldiers each Greeks had improved weapons and armor The Greeks win the battle and follow the Persians – They free Anatolia from Persian rule – Continued battling the Persians until 449B.C. as the Persian Empire weakens. The Empire Ends in 300B.C. with Alexander the Great