Presentation on theme: "3.3: The Assyrian and Persian Empires How did the Assyrians and Persians become empires?"— Presentation transcript:
3.3: The Assyrian and Persian Empires How did the Assyrians and Persians become empires?
The Assyrian and Persian Empires Assyrian were fierce warriors (cavalry) Used iron weapons and tools
The Assyrian and Persian Empires Empire stretched from Persian Gulf across Fertile Crescent into Egypt Divided empire into 70 provinces (governor) Ashurbanipal moved capital Ninevah (Library filled with 20,000 cuneiform tablets) Nebuchadnezzar restored Babylon (Captured Jerusalem, Hanging Gardens)
Rise of Persian Empire Cyrus the Great conquered the Medes Standing army Captured Babylon (allowed Jews to return to Jerusalem) Cyrus allowed the Jews to live in Jerusalem, while Nebuchadnezzar banished them
Rise of Persian Empire Cambyses (son of Cyrus) took control and continued to increase size of empire Darius took throne by force (continued to increase size of empire)
Rise of Persian Empire The Assyrians became so skilled at fighting after the fall of the Babylonia because they had to fight many invaders.
Persia’s Government and Religion Satrapies with local leaders Tribute Common currency Roads Zoroastrianism The Persian ruler controlled the central government and local leaders controlled the local governments.
Persia’s Government and Religion The Assyrian rulers were able to control an empire that stretched across the Persian Gulf and into Egypt by maintaining many unit of government.
Arts of Mesopotamia Stone seals marked ownership of an object Carved statues Relief sculptures Stele
Rulers and Empires Ruler: Nebuchadnezzar Cyrus the Great Darius the Great Ashurbanipal Empire: Neo-Babylon Persian Assyrian