Presentation on theme: "3.3: The Assyrian and Persian Empires"— Presentation transcript:
13.3: The Assyrian and Persian Empires How did the Assyrians and Persians become empires?
2The Assyrian and Persian Empires Assyrian were fierce warriors (cavalry)Used iron weapons and tools
3The Assyrian and Persian Empires Empire stretched from Persian Gulf across Fertile Crescent into EgyptDivided empire into 70 provinces (governor)Ashurbanipal moved capital Ninevah (Library filled with 20,000 cuneiform tablets)Nebuchadnezzar restored Babylon (Captured Jerusalem, Hanging Gardens)
4Rise of Persian Empire Cyrus the Great conquered the Medes Standing armyCaptured Babylon (allowed Jews to return to Jerusalem)Cyrus allowed the Jews to live in Jerusalem, while Nebuchadnezzar banished them
5Rise of Persian EmpireCambyses (son of Cyrus) took control and continued to increase size of empireDarius took throne by force (continued to increase size of empire)
6Rise of Persian EmpireThe Assyrians became so skilled at fighting after the fall of the Babylonia because they had to fight many invaders.
7Persia’s Government and Religion Satrapies with local leadersTributeCommon currencyRoadsZoroastrianismThe Persian ruler controlled the central government and local leaders controlled the local governments.
8Persia’s Government and Religion The Assyrian rulers were able to control an empire that stretched across the Persian Gulf and into Egypt by maintaining many unit of government.
9Arts of Mesopotamia Stone seals marked ownership of an object Carved statuesRelief sculpturesStele
10Rulers and Empires Ruler: Nebuchadnezzar Cyrus the Great Darius the GreatAshurbanipalEmpire:Neo-BabylonPersianAssyrian