2History of PersiaBuilt upon the collective culture of ancient Mesopotamian and Fertile Crescent Empires (from Sumerians, Babylonians, Hebrews, and Phoenicians)Ancient Persian people’s came south from the Caucasus Mt./Caspian Sea regionsSettled on land just North of Persian Gulf (in modern day Iran)
41st Great King, Cyrus (Syruhs) Was a military genius who began conquering surrounding peoples and unifying land from Med. Sea and Anatolia to Indus R. in the EastWas a rather benevolent ruler for his time, prevented looting and pillaging, allowed local leaders to remain, allowed Jews to continue practicing their religionDied in battle protecting his region
5Cyrus’ Successors Most notable one was Darius (dairyus) Was able to keep Persia strong and keep the region unified (even in parts of Egypt that were revolting because of inept rulers after Cyrus’ death)… the only place he never conquered was Greece. Empire extended 2,500 miles and it’s capital was in Persepolis.He DID NOT look like he was portrayed in the movie 300.Check out this youtube link on what Perspolis might have looked like
6Best Qualities of Persian Rule Had tolerance for conquered peoplesThe Persians did not make people slavesDarius’ created an imperial bureaucracy whereby he had his large territory divided into provinces that were ruled by regional leaders known as Satraps…these rulers allowed locals to follow local customs and laws and they administered areas along with tax collectors and military leaders loyal to PersiaThese people ensured that locals paid taxes/tribute to the Persian kingThey included inspectors that were the King’s “eyes and ears”
7The Royal RoadDarius also united the empire by massive road construction projects… one of the most important of these was the creation of the Royal road from Sardis in Anatolia to Susa near the Persian homeland.. The road was over 1,677 miles long.
8Created a Standardized Coin This allowed for easier trade across the empire, people didn’t have to weigh gold or silver before exchanging goods.
9The Zoroastrian Religion Prophet was Zoroaster (600 B.C.) - grappled with why there should be suffering (remind you of anything?)Earth is a battle ground where good and evil collide and each person must choose sides and fight in the battleDualisms: Good/Evil, Heaven/Hell, Satan/God, Angels/Demons, etc. … many later religions borrowed these thoughts from Zoroastrianism
10Assignment Write and acrostic poem using the phrase, Persian Empire An acrostic poem is one in which each line of the poem begins with a letter in the poem’s main thematic phrasePERAnd so on …Include some of the most important things you’ve learned and, now thought, about the Persians