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Persian Wars 490BCE- 479 BCE Copyright © Clara Kim 2007. All rights reserved.

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Presentation on theme: "Persian Wars 490BCE- 479 BCE Copyright © Clara Kim 2007. All rights reserved."— Presentation transcript:

1 Persian Wars 490BCE- 479 BCE Copyright © Clara Kim All rights reserved.

2 Who Fought? The Persians Fought against the Greeks –Persia was ruled by Darius and Xerxes –Greeks- Athenians, Spartans, Ionians

3 Persians VS Greeks

4 Persia controlled Ionia but Greeks were already living there. in 499BCE when Persian King Darius raised taxes, the Ionian Greeks got mad and revolted –Athens backed them up Persians crushed the revolts What caused the Persian War?

5 Causes Darius wanted revenge on Athenians for helping so attacked mainland Greece.

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7 Major Battles 1. Battle of Marathon: Athenian forces fight the attacking Persians – Persia- 25,000 soldiers –Greeks- 10,000 soldiers –Phalanx battle formation gave the Greeks the victory 6,400 Persians died 192 Greeks died

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9 Phalanx Formation

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11 Pheidippides Ran to Athens from Marathon = 26 miles Told them of the victory Died after giving the news * This is why marathons are now 26 miles!

12 10 years later Xerxes, son of Darius vowed revenge. Brought between 100, ,000 troops through a narrow mountain pass Part 2: Persian War

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14 2 nd major Battle: Thermopylae 3,300 Greeks led by the Spartans held them off at a narrow pass in Thermopylae. –A traitor told Persians of another way around –Many Greeks retreat but 300 Spartans stood strong. –They all died

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16 3. Battle at Salamis Athens is evacuated and fought at sea. Athenians had a powerful navy Greeks fought with new ships called Trireme. –Triremes punched holes in Persian ships and sink a third of the ships.

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18 Trireme

19 While Athens crushed the Persians at Sea, Spartans were on the plain of Plataea and crushes the rest of the Persian army Xerxes retreats 4. Battle of Plataea

20 Battle Summary: BattleWinner IoniaPersia MarathonGreece ThermopylaePersia SalamisGreece PlataeaGreece

21 Greece victory creates a sense of unity Athens had control of what was left of Greece through leadership of the Delian League. Delian League- an agreement that the remaining Greek city states would help each other Effects of the Persian Wars

22 Pictures Cited Slide 1 – Slide 2 – Slide 3 – soldier.com/images/romans2.jpg, soldier.com/images/romans2.jpg Slide 5 – Slide 7 – Slide 9 – Slide 10 – Slide 11 – _300SpartanWarriors.jpg Slide 12 – Slide 13 – Slide Slide 16 – Slide 17 – Slide 18 – Slide 19 –


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