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The Archaic Period (750-500) The Rise of the Polis The Rise of the Polis The Age of Colonization The Age of Colonization Sources for the period Sources.

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Presentation on theme: "The Archaic Period (750-500) The Rise of the Polis The Rise of the Polis The Age of Colonization The Age of Colonization Sources for the period Sources."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Archaic Period ( ) The Rise of the Polis The Rise of the Polis The Age of Colonization The Age of Colonization Sources for the period Sources for the period General causes of colonization General causes of colonization Characteristics of Greek Colonization Characteristics of Greek Colonization Model Model The Founder The Founder Site Selection Site Selection Settlers Settlers City Planning City Planning Areas of Colonization Areas of Colonization Southern Italy and Sicily Southern Italy and Sicily The Black Sea Region The Black Sea Region Results of colonization Results of colonization Key Terms ethnos polis synoecism apoikia metropolis oikistes

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3 The Archaic Period ( ) Art and Architecture Art and Architecture Doric Doric Ionic Ionic

4 The Archaic Period ( ) Greek Warfare Greek Warfare On Land On Land By Sea By Sea Key Terms hoplite phalanx Lelantine War penteconter bireme

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8 The Archaic Period ( ) Rise of Tyrannies Rise of Tyrannies Causes Causes Famous Tyrants Famous Tyrants The Lyric Poets The Lyric Poets Key Terms Pheidon of Argos Cleisthenes of Sicyon Cypselus of Corinth symposium Archilochos Theognis Sappho

9 The Archaic Period ( ) SPARTA SPARTA The People The People Upbringing Upbringing Adult Life Adult Life Key Terms Lacedaemonians spartiates perioikoi helots Krypteia

10 The Archaic Period ( ) SPARTA (cont’d) SPARTA (cont’d) Early Monarchy (bef. 800) Early Monarchy (bef. 800) Reforms of Lycurgus Reforms of Lycurgus The Constitution The Constitution The Messenian Wars The Messenian Wars First Messenian War ( ) First Messenian War ( ) Second Messenian War ( ) Second Messenian War ( ) The Spartan Achievement The Spartan Achievement Key Terms ephors gerousia assembly First Messenian War Second Messenian War

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12 The Archaic Period ( ) ATHENS ATHENS Formation of the Polis Formation of the Polis Oligarchic Period (c ) Oligarchic Period (c ) Archons Archons Areopagus Areopagus Assembly Assembly Classes Classes Key Terms archon eponymous basileus archon polemarch archon Thesmothetes Council of the Areopagus eupatrids

13 The Archaic Period ( ) ATHENS (cont’d) ATHENS (cont’d) Oligarchic Period (c ) (cont’d) Oligarchic Period (c ) (cont’d) Cylon (632 BCE) Cylon (632 BCE) Dracon (621 BCE) Dracon (621 BCE) Solon ( BCE) Solon ( BCE) Key Terms Cylon Megacles Dracon Solon Council of the 400 hybris miasma

14 The Archaic Period ( ) ATHENS (cont’d) ATHENS (cont’d) The Pisistratid Tyranny ( BCE) The Pisistratid Tyranny ( BCE) The Democratic Period (510-) The Democratic Period (510-) Key Terms Pisistratus Hippias and Hipparchus Harmodius and Aristogiton Cleisthenes Cleomenes Isagoras demes demarchos dicasteries ostracism

15 The Archaic Period ( ) I. The Early Philosophers I. The Early Philosophers The Milesian (Ionian) School The Milesian (Ionian) School Thales (c. 624-c.546) Thales (c. 624-c.546) Anaximander (c. 610-c546) Anaximander (c. 610-c546) Anaximenes (c. 570-c.500) Anaximenes (c. 570-c.500) Ionian-Italian Migrant Philosophers Ionian-Italian Migrant Philosophers Xenophanes of Colophon (c.570-c.475) Xenophanes of Colophon (c.570-c.475) Pythagoras of Samos (c. 582-c.497) Pythagoras of Samos (c. 582-c.497) Heraclitus of Ephesus (c. 535-c. 475) Heraclitus of Ephesus (c. 535-c. 475) Thales Heraclitus Key Terms Thales arche logos Anaximander apeiron Anaximenes Xenophanes Pythagoras Heraclitus

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17 The Archaic Period ( ) The Advent of the Persians The Advent of the Persians Lydia Lydia Croesus ( ) Croesus ( ) Persia Persia Cyrus II ( ) Cyrus II ( ) Cambyses II ( ) Cambyses II ( ) Darius I ( ) Darius I ( ) Key Terms Lydia Croesus Media Cyrus the Great Cambyses Polycrates Darius the Great Miltiades Histiaeus Megabazus

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21 The Persian Wars The Ionian Revolt The Ionian Revolt Revolution on Naxos (502) Revolution on Naxos (502) Aristagoras Aristagoras Artaphernes Artaphernes Open Revolt ( ) Open Revolt ( ) The Burning of Sardis (499) The Burning of Sardis (499) Insurrection Put Down ( ) Insurrection Put Down ( ) The First Persian War ( ) The First Persian War ( ) First Persian Invasion (492) First Persian Invasion (492) Mardonius Mardonius Second Persian Invasion (490) Second Persian Invasion (490) Datis and Artaphernes (Jr.) Datis and Artaphernes (Jr.) Siege of Eretria Siege of Eretria Battle of Marathon Battle of Marathon Miltiades Miltiades Aristides and Themistocles Aristides and Themistocles Callimachus Callimachus Plataea Plataea

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27 The Persian Wars Athens After Marathon Athens After Marathon Death of Miltiades Death of Miltiades War Between Athens and Aegina War Between Athens and Aegina trireme, bireme (type 2) trireme, bireme (type 2) The Second Persian War ( ) The Second Persian War ( ) Persian Preparations Persian Preparations Xerxes Xerxes Greek Preparations Greek Preparations The Battle of Thermopylae The Battle of Thermopylae Leonidas Leonidas The Battle of Artemisium The Battle of Artemisium Eurybiades Eurybiades The Fall of Athens The Fall of Athens The Battle of Salamis The Battle of Salamis The Battle of Plataea The Battle of Plataea Pausanius Pausanius The Battle of Mycale The Battle of Mycale The Siege of Sestos The Siege of Sestos Xanthippus Xanthippus

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