Presentation on theme: "Early Civilizations – Phoenicians, Hittites, and Hebrews day 1 I.Warm-up Questions II.Notes Phoenicians and Hittites III.Chart/ Map/Vocabulary through."— Presentation transcript:
Early Civilizations – Phoenicians, Hittites, and Hebrews day 1 I.Warm-up Questions II.Notes Phoenicians and Hittites III.Chart/ Map/Vocabulary through chariots IV.Reading/ Questions V.Hebrew notes VI.Vocab through Diaspora VII.Differentiation: Choose between reading worksheets or foldable (today Hebrews) Objective: SWBAT describe characteristics of the Phoenicians, Hittites, and Hebrews on a reading worksheet or foldable. What could happen if you leave alphabet soup on the stove and go out? Question
Warmup Questions, Day 1 1. Indus Valley or Fertile Crescent ? The area shaded in red on the map was known as the ______________. 2. Jericho or Stonehenge? was a Neolithic settlement located in the area depicted on the map. 3. Anatolia or Media? Catal Hoyuk was a Neolithic settlement located in 4. Iraq or Pakistan: The modern-day country located between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers is _____________? 5. monotheistic or polytheistic? Most early civilizations practiced this type of religion _________________. Fertile Crescent Jericho Anatolia Iraq polytheistic
Early Civilizations – Persian Empire and Nubia day 2 I.Warm-up Questions II.Hebrews quiz III.Notes on Persian Empire IV.Persia paragraph V.Nubia notes VI.Finish Vocab VII.Persian Empire and Nubia reading worksheets or foldable Objective: SWBAT describe characteristics of the Persian Empire and Nubia on a reading worksheet or foldable. Question:
Warm-up Questions, Day 2 1.Which civilization were sea traders who set up colonies and invented the alphabet? 2. The Hittites had superior tools and weapons because they were made of ___ 3. Abraham or Jesus The monotheism of this prophet became the basis for not only Judaism, but also Christianity and Islam. 4.Hittites or Hebrews The descendants of Abraham became known as the 5.What set of laws did Moses deliver after he led the Hebrews out of Egypt? 6.Torah or Quran Which is the holy book or sacred writings of Judaism 7.Jericho or Jerusalem King David established this city as capital of Israel. It has religious significance for Judaism, Christianity and Islam. Phoenicians Iron Abraham Hebrews Ten Commandments Torah Jerusalem
Prehistory to First Civilizations– Unit Review day 3 I.Warm-up Questions II.Timeline Notes III.Unit Review IV.Finish packet Objective: SWBAT describe characteristics of the Paleolithic Era, the Neolithic Era and Early Civilizations on a Test Review Question:
Warm-up Questions, Day 3 1.Judaism or Zoroastrianism What was the religion of the Persian empire? 2. tolerance or cruelty The Persian treated those they conquered with___ 3.Royal Road or Silk Roads What did the Persians build to improve communication across the empire. 4.Imperial bureaucracy or city-states What type of government did the Persians have? 5.Israel or Egypt Which civilization had the greatest influence on Nubia? 6.Upper Nile or Lower Nile Where was Nubia located? 7.Sudan or Iran Persia is located in present-day _____. Zoroastrianism tolerance Royal Road Imperial bureaucracy Egypt Upper Nile Iran
Prehistory to First Civilizations– TEST/Intro India Day 4 I.Warm-up Questions II.Test III.India Reading Wksheet IV.Begin Notes Objective: SWBAT describe characteristics of the Paleolithic Era, the Neolithic Era, and Early Civilizations on a Test Question: How did the students react when the electricity went out during a test?
Warm-up Questions (8 questions), Day 4 Mesopotamia (Sumer) Egypt Aleppo Jericho Tigris R Euphrates R Ur Neolithic settlements in the Fertile Crescent Anatolia 1 Label the maps Word bank Egypt Mesopotamia Anatolia Neolithic Settlements in the Fertile Crescent
Warm-up Questions, Day 4 India: Indus Valley Jerusalem Hebrews (Israel) China Persian Empire India: Indus Valley Persian Empire Hebrews (Israel) China
Early Civilizations (2000 BCE – 500 BCE) Phoenicians, Hebrews, Persian Empire, and Kush
PHOENICIANS Great seafaring traders who founded wealthy city-states in the Fertile Crescent along the Mediterranean coast (present-day Lebanon). Phoenicia
set up colonies (lands controlled by a distant nation) Carthage became the most powerful colony
Phoenician Accomplishments First Alphabet (phonetic symbols stand for sounds) –22 letter alphabet (vs. 550 cuneiform characters) –Basis of modern alphabets
Great shipbuilders and seafarers Spread civilization and the alphabet through trade. Use of coins as well as the alphabet made trade much easier.
HITTITES Settled in Asia Minor (present- day Turkey) Learned how to smelt iron from ore.
Iron was stronger, sharper, and less expensive than other metals. Iron weapons and chariots helped forge the Hittite Empire.
HEBREWS Abraham settled in the Fertile Crescent between the Mediterranean Sea and the Jordon River (present-day Israel) His descendents became known as Hebrews.
Abraham and the Hebrews were the first monotheists Monotheism : belief in one god
Abraham’s monotheism became the foundation of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.
Moses Led the Hebrews out of slavery in Egypt to the “promised land”(Israel) Delivered the Ten Commandments
Beliefs of Judaism One God Torah Ten Commandments The Religion of the Hebrews (Jews)
The Ten Commandments State both religious and moral conduct in that they require that believers both worship God and live justly with one another
The Torah Holy book of Judaism: contains the records and beliefs of the Jews The first five books of the Old Testament of the Bible
David and Goliath (or how David became king of the Hebrews)
Jerusalem King David united the tribes of Israel and established Jerusalem as the capital of Israel. Today Jerusalem is a holy city to Muslims and Christians as well as Jews. Holy City of the Jews
Western Wall In 70 AD the Romans destroyed the ancient Temple of Jerusalem. The West Wall of the Temple Mount is all that remains today. Jews consider this wall their most sacred shrine (holy site). They come from all over the world to pray at this shrine.
The site of the original temple is now occupied by a Muslim Mosque (Dome of the Rock). Ownership of these and other holy sites has been a source of bickering between Muslims and Jews for centuries.
Jerusalem and the Wailing Wall
Exile Jews were driven from their homeland by the Romans in AD 132. The state of Israel ceased to exist for 1800 years.
Diaspora Scattering of the Jews Jews migrated all around the Mediterranean Sea
PERSIAN EMPIRE The largest empire in the world It stretched from The Nile to the Indus River Persia: Present-day Iran
How did Persia govern its Empire?
Persian Rulers Treated conquered people with tolerance Developed an imperial bureaucracy Built an extensive road system Zoroastrianism (religion)
Tolerance Persian rulers allowed the people they conquered to practice their own religions and follow their own customs.
Bureaucracy A system of managing government through departments run by appointed officials Darius divided his empire into provinces each run by a governor (satrap)
Persian Road System Great Royal Road United the empire (provided a means of communication, trade, and governmental control).
Zoroastrianism Early monotheistic religion founded by Zoroaster Belief in two opposing forces: good and evil, light and darkness, heaven and hell.
Ahura Mazda: God of truth and light
KUSH Located on the upper (southern) Nile Present-day Sudan Also called Nubia
Kush and Egypt Ideas and goods flowed along the Nile between Kush and Egypt (Lower Nile) (Upper Nile) Kush
Egypt dominated Kush for 1000 years Gifts for the King from a country called Nubia
Kush conquered Egypt and established its own dynasty on the Egyptian throne
Kush was eventually conquered by the East African Kingdom of Axum
Contributions of Kush Meroitic script (writing)
Steep sided pyramids and palaces
Gold, copper, and iron working.
Golden Age of Meroe After the Assyrians conquered Egypt, Kush continued to prosper in the booming trade between Africa, Arabia and India
Ahmes Nefertari Nubian Queen of Egypt around 1550 B.C Ahmes Nefertari of Egypt around 1550 B.C Nubian Queen