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CHAPTER 6 The Persian Connection: Its Impact and Influences, 2,000 B.C.E. - 637 C.E. Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458.

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Presentation on theme: "CHAPTER 6 The Persian Connection: Its Impact and Influences, 2,000 B.C.E. - 637 C.E. Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458."— Presentation transcript:

1 CHAPTER 6 The Persian Connection: Its Impact and Influences, 2,000 B.C.E C.E. Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, NJ All rights reserved.

2 1. The Persian Empire A. Geographic Challenges Confront the First Persians 1. The Iranian plateau and the Central Asian steppes 2. Medes and Persians 3. Assyrian conquest, Assyrian defeat B. Cyrus the Great 1. Persian ascendancy and expansion 2. Assimilation after conquest Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, NJ All rights reserved.

3 2. Persian Governance and Society: Links with Mesopotamia A. From Cyrus to Darius 1. Darius claims the throne 2. Expansion under Darius B. Administration of the Empire 1. Darius’s style of government 2. Policies C. Mesopotamian Influences: Law, Administration, and Commerce Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, NJ All rights reserved.

4 2. Persian Governance and Society: Links with Mesopotamia (cont’d) D. Persian Society and Culture 1. Social structure 2. The place of women in Persian society 3. Persian culture Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, NJ All rights reserved.

5 3. Zoroastrianism A. A Religion of Good and Evil 1. Zoroaster (Zarathustra) and monotheism 2. Priests and temples 3. Influence B. Social and Political Content 1. The importance of action 2. Royal support Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, NJ All rights reserved.

6 4. Confrontation with Greece A. The Ionian Revolt and the Persian Response 1. The revolt 2. Defeat and its consequences B. Xerxes and the Invasion of Greece C. Stalemate D. Persian Resurgence 1. The Peloponnesian War Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, NJ All rights reserved.

7 5. The Macedonian Conquest and Its Successor States A. The End of the Persian Empire 1. Rising Macedon 2. Alexander the Great B. Persia Under Macedonian Rule 1. The fall of Alexander’s empire C. The Parthian Empire 1. Commerce and connections D. The Sasanian Empire 1. Sasanian expansion 2. Sasanian rule 3. Decline and fall Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, NJ All rights reserved.

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