2Social and Economic Advances Muslim leaders unite many diverse culturesEgyptiansEuropeansArabsPersiansTurksAfricansMongolsIndiansSoutheast Asians
3International Trade Network built by the Muslims Merchants were honored in the Muslim cultureThey were seen as “God’s trusted servants on Earth.”Camel caravans crossed the Sahara.African, Muslim, Jewish and Christian traders traveled the Silk Road to China
4Trade Spread products, technology, knowledge and culture. Arabic numerals became well known and helped the global exchange grow and thrive.
5New Business Practices for Muslims Created partnershipsBought and sold on creditFormed banks for exchange of currencyInvented bank checksNew system of accounting
6Highly valued manufactured goods Manufacturing organized by guildsRegulated prices, methods of production and the quality of the product.Produced steel swords from Damascusleather goods from Cordobacotton textiles from Egyptcarpets from Persia
7Agriculture thrives Muslim leaders extended agricultural land. Because of scarcity of water they had large irrigation systems.Grew crops for food, made medicinal herbs and grew flowers to sell.
8Social structure of the Muslims Muslims had social mobilityCould move up in social rank by having religious, scholarly and military achievements.Muslims did not enslave other Muslims, but they would put people in slavery from conquered lands.Slaves were mostly used as household servants.
9Muslim Art, Literature and Architecture A blending of traditions of the many people under Muslim rule
10Literature The greatest work of Islamic literature is the Quran. The Quran banned the worship of idols so artists were not allowed to portray God/human figures in religious art.
11PoetryPoems encouraged the faithful to worship God selflessly without hope of reward.
12Persian Muslim writers Firdawsi- wrote Book of Kings which tells the history of Persia.Omar Khayyam- Muslim scholar, astronomer and writer.Later stories were about Aladdin and his Magic Lamp and Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves.
13Religious Buildings Mosques and minarets dominated Muslim cities Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem (688 AD) decorated with elaborate patterns.Calligraphy is perfected- art of beautiful handwriting.
14Muslims seek knowledge Boys and girls receive elementary education which emphasized reading and writingNeeded so everyone could read the Quran.
15Center of learning Baghdad is the greatest Muslim center of learning. Advances in philosophy, math and medicine.They also translated older texts into Arabic.
16Philosopher- Ibn Rushd Put all knowledge, except the Quran, to the test of reason.His writings were translated into Latin and would influence Christian scholars.
17Arab thinker- Ibn Khaldun Set standards for the scientific study of historyHe stressed that economics and social structure were the causes of historical events.Warned historians to watch for bias and exaggeration.
18MathAl-Khwarizmi-pioneered algebraThe original Mr. K!!
19Physicians and pharmacists had to pass tests to practice. MedicinePhysicians and pharmacists had to pass tests to practice.Governments set up hospitals.Physicians traveled to the sick and visited jails.
20Muhammad al-Razi Head physician at Baghdad’s hospital. Researched measles and smallpox.Wanted doctors to “treat the mind as well as the body.”
21Persian physician- Ibn Sina Wrote an encyclopedia of what the Greeks, Arabs and himself had learned about diagnosing and treating diseases.Book includes many prescriptions.