4 Many Israelites returned home to rebuild. I ended the exile of the Israelites from the “Babylonian Captivity” when I conquered Mesopotamia.Many Israelites returned home to rebuild.People of the Jewish faith referred to me as “the anointed of the Lord”.King Cyrus of Persia
5 (including Mesopotamia, Egypt, India, and Europe) The PersiansKing Cyrus of Persia led his people in conquering land in what is today parts of Africa, the Middle East, and Asia(including Mesopotamia, Egypt, India, and Europe)
6 GreeceAsia MinorMesopotamiaColored Areas =Persian EmpireOver Time
7 Military TechniquesThe ancient Persian armies were so successful in battle, in part, because they would unleash upon their enemies a flood of flying arrows even before their opponents got close enough to begin using their spears and swords.
9 King DariusDarius, an emperor of Persia after Cyrus, continued plans for expanding the Persian Empire.
10 divided the empire into 20 satrapies Eventually, the Persian Empire was so large that it was difficult to control.King Dariusdivided the empire into satrapies- each with its own local ruler (“satrap”) who also acted as tax collector and judge.Satraps still answered to the Persian emperor however!
12 ~ The Royal Road ~“The Royal Road” TodayThe Persians also built hundreds of miles of dirt roads in order to connect and control their conquered lands. Food, shelter, and fresh horses were supplied at roadside stations along the way.
13 The Persian Empire maintained control: Take Note!Divided the large area into more manageable regions called satrapies – each satrapy ran itself, but it was still under the rule of the Persian EmpireAided travel, trade, and communication by building The Royal Road - a long network of unpaved roads. The ancient Persians could now get from one place to another easier and quicker than before
14 Map of Persian Empire and The Royal Road The Persian Empire was expanding westward.Note where Greece is located.and The Royal Road
15 Persia then set its sights on conquering Greece . . . Ancient Greek Soldiers