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CHAPTER 5 Classical Civilization in the Eastern Mediterranean: Persia and Greece World Civilization: The Global Experience Fifth Edition Stearns/Adas/Schwartz/Gilbert.

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Presentation on theme: "CHAPTER 5 Classical Civilization in the Eastern Mediterranean: Persia and Greece World Civilization: The Global Experience Fifth Edition Stearns/Adas/Schwartz/Gilbert."— Presentation transcript:

1 CHAPTER 5 Classical Civilization in the Eastern Mediterranean: Persia and Greece World Civilization: The Global Experience Fifth Edition Stearns/Adas/Schwartz/Gilbert Copyright 2007, Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Longman

2 Chapter 5: Classical Civilization in the Eastern Mediterranean: Persia and Greece Stearns et al., World Civilizations: The Global Experience, 5th Edition Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman, Copyright 2007 I. The Persian Empire: Parallel Power in the Middle East II. The Hellenistic Period III. Creativity in Greek and Hellenistic Culture IV. Patterns of Greek and Hellenistic Society

3 Chapter 5: Classical Civilization in the Eastern Mediterranean: Persia and Greece Stearns et al., World Civilizations: The Global Experience, 5th Edition Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman, Copyright 2007 I. The Persian Empire: Parallel Power in the Middle East A. The Persians 550 B.C.E., Cyrus the Great Empire Conquered peoples retain culture Zoroaster Good vs. evil Last judgment

4 Chapter 5: Classical Civilization in the Eastern Mediterranean: Persia and Greece Stearns et al., World Civilizations: The Global Experience, 5th Edition Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman, Copyright 2007 I. The Persian Empire: Parallel Power in the Middle East B. The Political Character of Classical Greece Variety of polities Aristocracy generally dominant Literacy From 8th century B.C.E. Iliad, Odyssey Basis for Hellenic culture Architecture Colonnaded buildings Arts Sculpture Black and red pottery The Greek World

5 Chapter 5: Classical Civilization in the Eastern Mediterranean: Persia and Greece Stearns et al., World Civilizations: The Global Experience, 5th Edition Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman, Copyright 2007 I. The Persian Empire: Parallel Power in the Middle East C. The City-State as a Political Unit City-states (polis) Participation Assemblies, councils 500s Conflict between aristocracy and middling class Reform Solon of Athens Greater participation Poleis deeply united Public religion Political participation Cultural events, e.g. theatre

6 Chapter 5: Classical Civilization in the Eastern Mediterranean: Persia and Greece Stearns et al., World Civilizations: The Global Experience, 5th Edition Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman, Copyright 2007 I. The Persian Empire: Parallel Power in the Middle East D. The Rise of Democracy in Athens Solon Peisistratus Cleisthenes Council Popular assembly Oversight of most of the government Offices filled by lot Who was excluded? Women Slaves Foreigners and their children

7 Chapter 5: Classical Civilization in the Eastern Mediterranean: Persia and Greece Stearns et al., World Civilizations: The Global Experience, 5th Edition Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman, Copyright 2007 I. The Persian Empire: Parallel Power in the Middle East E. Fragmentation and Unity Colonization Spread of Greek culture Expansion of trade Religious games Truces Competition Olympics Delphi Conflict between cities Persian Wars Temporary unity Delian League Dominated by Athens Athens versus Sparta Political contrast Competing alliances Peloponnesian War, B.C.E. Athenian surrender, 404 B.C.E. Greece and Greek Colonies, c. 431 B.C.E.

8 Chapter 5: Classical Civilization in the Eastern Mediterranean: Persia and Greece Stearns et al., World Civilizations: The Global Experience, 5th Edition Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman, Copyright 2007 II. The Hellenistic Period Spread of Greek rule, Greek culture Formation of a common cultural area Mediterranean, Near East A. Macedonian Conquest Macedon compared to southern Greece Monarchy v. city-state Plains v. mountainous Linguistic differences Philip II ( B.C.E. ) By 338 B.C.E., Greece conquered

9 Chapter 5: Classical Civilization in the Eastern Mediterranean: Persia and Greece Stearns et al., World Civilizations: The Global Experience, 5th Edition Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman, Copyright 2007 II. The Hellenistic Period B. Alexander the Great Conquests, B.C.E. Into India, Egypt Cities founded Alexandria Death, 323 B.C.E. Alexander’s Empire and the Hellenistic World,, c. 323 B.C.E.

10 Chapter 5: Classical Civilization in the Eastern Mediterranean: Persia and Greece Stearns et al., World Civilizations: The Global Experience, 5th Edition Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman, Copyright 2007 II. The Hellenistic Period C. Later Hellenistic States Division “Successor states” Alexander’s generals rule Egypt: Ptolemies Relative stability Persia: Seleucids Macedonia: Antigonids Civil wars Bactria Blend of Indian and Greek culture

11 Chapter 5: Classical Civilization in the Eastern Mediterranean: Persia and Greece Stearns et al., World Civilizations: The Global Experience, 5th Edition Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman, Copyright 2007 III. Creativity in Greek and Hellenistic Culture A. Religion, Philosophy, and Science Religion Pantheon of gods with human traits Mystery religions More emotional Philosophy Socrates Skepticism Plato Stoics Moral fortitude Science Pythagoras Euclid Galen Archimedes

12 Chapter 5: Classical Civilization in the Eastern Mediterranean: Persia and Greece Stearns et al., World Civilizations: The Global Experience, 5th Edition Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman, Copyright 2007 III. Creativity in Greek and Hellenistic Culture B. Literature and the Visual Arts Drama Public, religious, typified by conflict Sophocles Tragedy Aristophanes Comedy Oral epic Homer History Herodotus Thucydides Visual arts Public e.g. temples, victory sculpture Human achievement central Especially in Hellenistic period

13 Chapter 5: Classical Civilization in the Eastern Mediterranean: Persia and Greece Stearns et al., World Civilizations: The Global Experience, 5th Edition Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman, Copyright 2007 III. Creativity in Greek and Hellenistic Culture C. Hellenistic Culture Focus on exact sciences Geometry, medicine, etc. Art more emotional, less idealized Philosophy emphasizes withdrawal, not engagement

14 Chapter 5: Classical Civilization in the Eastern Mediterranean: Persia and Greece Stearns et al., World Civilizations: The Global Experience, 5th Edition Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman, Copyright 2007 IV. Patterns of Greek and Hellenistic Society A. Economic and Social Structure Aristocracy Power from land, military role Economic expansion, colonization Challenges role of aristocracy Merchants Ambiguous place in society Slavery From captives B. Men, Women, and Social Divisions Patriarchy Women Legal and cultural disabilities Adultery in men tolerated Punishable in women Some improvement in Hellenistic period

15 Chapter 5: Classical Civilization in the Eastern Mediterranean: Persia and Greece Stearns et al., World Civilizations: The Global Experience, 5th Edition Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman, Copyright 2007 IV. Patterns of Greek and Hellenistic Society C. A Complex Legacy Ideas No lasting polities Artistic legacy Direct and indirect Consciously imitated, revived Mingled with Middle Eastern legacy


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