Presentation on theme: "The Persian Gulf. Natural Environments Countries included here are: Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, and Yemen. This."— Presentation transcript:
Natural Environments Countries included here are: Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, and Yemen. This region is also referred to as the Middle East.
Natural Environments Tectonic forces have shaped the physical features of this region. There is a mixture of rugged mountains, upland plateaus, and valleys. Plate movement has also created narrow gulfs and seas, which are bordered by coastal plains.
Natural Environments There are also frequent earthquakes in the area. To the north and east of the Arabian Peninsula is a region called Mesopotamia. This is located mostly in Iraq and is a wide plain through which two great rivers flow.
Natural Environments These two rivers are the Tigris and the Euphrates. They are exotic rivers, or rivers that begin in humid regions and then flow across dry areas.
Climates, Plants, and Animals Hot and dry climates dominate the region. Rain comes mostly during the winter due to the westerly winds of the middle latitudes. The southern interior is mostly uninhabited desert called the Rub’-al-Khali.
Climates, Plants, and Animals The region’s mountains provide water to the valleys below. An orographic effect produces these more humid climates. The region’s wettest climate is in Iran in a narrow zone along the southern shore of the Caspian Sea.
Climates, Plants, and Animals The lowlands of Saudi Arabia along the Persian Gulf are among the hottest places in the world. Because of the subtropical high pressure with clear skies and little shade, the temperatures often climb above 114 degees.
Climates, Plants, and Animals Little rain here, but since it is close to the sea, the humidity is high. There are mountain regions near here though that people can escape to get away from the heat.
Climates, Plants, and Animals Shrubs and grasses cover the region’s wide dry plains. Trees are common only in mountain regions and the usually dry streambeds. The highest plains are grasslands.
Climates, Plants, and Animals In the driest areas the ground is bare rock and sand. In some areas the soil is so salty plants can’t grow. Nearly all the region’s plants have adapted to surviving long periods of time with no water.
Climates, Plants, and Animals There are few large animals left in the region due to hunting from humans and competition from other large animals. Camels, donkeys, lizards, and poisonous snakes are common in the region.
Natural Resources The regions two most important resources are oil and water. The Tigris and Euphrates Rivers are the main sources of water in Iraq. Canals lead away from the rivers bringing water to the surrounding areas.
Natural Resources Most farmers depend on rain for agriculture. Surface water is rare in the desert areas. Only found at an oasis. Sea water to fresh water?
Natural Resources Oil is the regions most valuable resource. The oil reserves along the Persian Gulf are the largest in the world. The region has few other resources though for developing industry.