Presentation on theme: "The Persian Wars: A Defining Moment in Greek History What is the opposite of Greek? What does it take to make the Greeks unite against a common enemy?"— Presentation transcript:
The Persian Wars: A Defining Moment in Greek History What is the opposite of Greek? What does it take to make the Greeks unite against a common enemy?
Tonight’s Class The Persian Wars, Part I Movie: Homer’s Odyssey Persian Wars, Part II
Key Questions for Today’s Lecture Who are the Persians? What are the causes of war? What key events occur during the war? Who wins the war and what are the consequences?
Who Are The Persians? Absolute Rule of Kings Poverty vs. Decadence Excellence vs. Money
The Causes of War Persians invaded Greece 490 BC (Marathon) 480-479 BC
Battle of Marathon- 490 BCE Countless Persians vs. 10,000 Athenians “The magnificent grove of Marathon can confirm his bravery – as well as the long-haired Persian – who remembers it well.” - Epitaph of Aeschylus Where were the Spartans?
The Consequences of War History changes as a result of this battle Athenians = great political confidence Athenian wealth, greatness + power reflected in literature + building projects
Athens as a Naval Power 482 BCE Silver Mines Aristides’s Plan Themistocles’s resolve
The Madness of Xerxes Bridge over the Hellespont 40,000 hoplites + 366 ships 200,000 + 1000 ships Ships destroyed
Thermopylae – 480 BCE Trap the army, destroy the fleet 300 men, 2 days, one fight to the death “Go tell them in Sparta, stranger, that we lie here obedient to their orders.” Simonides