3 Important Phrases close in pass for be intent on stand up for on the sideclose inpass forbe intent on
4 historic (line 15) & historical famous or important in historya historical event is supported by the evidence of historya historic event/ spot/siteIn his book, Churchill recalls that historic meeting with Roosevelt.More money is needed for the preservation of historic buildings and monuments.historical research/playHistorical evidence is fully reflected in the book.
5 forge an alliance against Fascism forge: (line 22)create by means of much hard workThe two countries agreed to forge closer economic ties.建立反法西斯联盟forge an alliance against Fascism
6 Schindler’s wartime exploits were later made into a film . exploit: n. (line 30)brave or adventurous deed or action (usu. pl) 功绩，业绩Schindler’s wartime exploits were later made into a film .辛德勒战争时的事迹后来被改编成了电影.My grandfather entertained us with stories of wartime exploits.vt. 1) to use (esp. a person) unfairly for one’s own profit 剥削e.g. The cruel boss exploited the poor by making them work for less pay.2) to use or develop (a thing) fully so as to get profit 开发，利用e.g. to exploit the oil under the sea
7 POWs are soldiers captured during war. capture(line 45):to take captive, as by force or craft; seize; to gain possession or control ofPOWs are soldiers captured during war.她立刻吸引了我的注意力。She captured my attention immediately.
8 impose (on/upon) (line 71) 1) place a (penalty, tax, etc.) officially on sb./sth.The government has imposed a further tax on cigarettes.The local government tried to impose fines on the factories which poured untreated waste into the river.2) try to make sb. accept (an opinion or a belief)It may not be wise for parents to impose our tastes on their children.imposition n.
9 disguise v. (~sb./sth. as) (line 85) 1) give sb./sth. a false appearance她在电影中喜欢反串。She likes to disguise herself as a man in movies.(used in the pattern: disguise sb./ sth. as…) 假扮，伪装Mulan disguised herself as a man so she could fight on the battlefield.Jack escaped across the border disguised as a priest.2) hide (the real state of things) 伪装，掩饰，隐藏It is impossible to disguise the fact that the business is bad.
10 compel:(line 94) compel sb. to do sth. 强迫某人做某事 make sb. do sth.; forcecompel sb. to do sth. 强迫某人做某事be compelled to do sth. 不得不做某事想到可能会被解雇，很多人不得不卖力工作。Many people are compelled to work hard by the thought of being fired.
11 stand up for (sb./sth.) (line 13) speak, work, etc. in favor of; supportHe is determined to stand up for his legal rights.
12 He has to make some money on the side in order to support his family. on the side(line41)as an additional job or source of income; secretlyHe has to make some money on the side in order to support his family.
13 close in (on/upon/around) (line 52) come near to, esp. in order to attack from several directions; surround美军包围了巴格达的时候，萨达姆下令撤退。Saddam summoned withdrawal when the US army were closing in on Baghdad.
14 pass for: (=pass as) (line 112) appear alike; be accepted or looked upon as看上去像；被看作，被当作他被当成了医生。He passes for a doctor.He speaks American English well enough to pass for an American.She could pass for a much younger woman.
15 be intent on doing sth.(line 30) be eager and determined to do sth.He's intent on going Abroad.intend: v.to have in mind; planintend for: mean for a particular purposeThe book is intended for children.