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Howard Goldstein Associate Dean for Research September 10, 2013.

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1 Howard Goldstein Associate Dean for Research September 10, 2013

2 Facilitating Success among New Faculty: Approaches to Mentoring

3 What is mentorship? A journey into business, education, and nursing literature

4 A mentor provides “ a brain to pick, a shoulder to cry on, and a kick in the pants ” Josefowitz, 1980

5 Mentoring is a nurturing process in which a more skilled or more experienced person, serving as a role model, teaches, sponsors, encourages, counsels, and befriends a less skilled or less experienced person for the purpose of promoting the latter ’ s professional and/or personal development. Mentoring functions are carried out within the context of an ongoing, caring relationship between the mentor and protégé. (Anderson, 1987)

6 MENTORING RELATIONSHIP Role Model: X is a model for Y Nurture: X nurtures Y Care Giver : X cares for Y FUNCTIONS OF MENTORING TEACH: model inform confirm/disconfirm prescribe question SPONSOR: protect support promote ENCOURAGE: affirm inspire challenge COUNSEL: listen probe clarity advise BEFRIEND: accept relate MENTORING ACTIVITIES Demonstrate lessons Arrange for practice of skills Observe and provide feedback Arrange support meetings MENTORING DISPOSITIONS MENTORING DISPOSITIONS Opening Ourselves Expressing Care and Concern Leading Incrementally Mentoring Model (Anderson & Shannon, 1988)

7 ADVANTAGES TO PROTEGES Advice on career goals Encouragement; build-self confidence New or improved skills and knowledge Models how to handle difficult situations Provides opportunities and resources Increased exposure and visibility A bridge to maturity

8 The Appeal of Mentorship Mentoring can further own development Feelings of alienation could be alleviated if there were more people like ourselves Belief that the nurturing of interest and desire, and the development of skills are most likely to be accomplished through close, caring, productive relationships Proteges return investments through their future contacts, advise, expertise, etc.

9 Potential Problems Excessive time and energy commitments Inappropriate choice of mentor or protégé Unrealistic expectations Expectations of protégé failure Protégé ’ s feelings of inferiority Unfair manipulation by a mentor or a protégé Excessive jealousy from others Overdependence on mentors or protégés


11 Meerkat Roundup Weekly meeting with asst professors Tenure prep or not Accountability for writing projects Feedback Problem solving

12 Developmental Model of Mentorship

13 Network Mentoring Mentors rarely are capable and comfortable with all mentoring functions A network of mentors helps meet the needs and provide diverse perspectives Potential for reciprocal and non- hierarchical relationships Combining new perspectives with empowerment of networking likely to yield more creative departures from status quo

14 The mentor takes the protégé under his/ her wing, invites the protégé into a new occupational world, shows the protégé around, imparts wisdom, cares, sponsors, criticizes, and bestows his/her blessing. The teaching and the sponsoring have their values, but the blessing is the crucial element. Levinson, 1976

15 Reference Goldstein, H. (1993). Perspectives on research mentorship. In N. Minghetti, J. Cooper, H. Goldstein, S. Warren, & L. Olswang, (Eds.), Research mentorship and training in communication sciences and disorders (pp. 51-66). Rockville, MD: American Speech-Language-Hearing Foundation.


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