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新生講座 8.Reading Critically : Be a critical reader

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1 新生講座 8.Reading Critically : Be a critical reader
2小時開始 左右聲音斷掉 共同教育中心 李維晏老師 【本著作除另有註明外,採取創用CC「姓名標示-非商業性-相同方式分享」臺灣3.0版授權釋出】

2 Critical Thinking Problem Identified  Hypothesis Formulated  Data Gathered  Hypothesis Tested  Conclusion Drawn Ask appropriate questions  Gather relevant information  Efficiently Process information  Logically reason relationships  Draw reliable conclusions/ generalizations

3 Critical Thinking & Critical Reading
Ask appropriate questions  Gather relevant information  Efficiently Process information  Logically reason relationships  Draw reliable conclusions/ generalizations “Children must be taught how to think, not what to think.” ~Margaret Mead~

4 Things NOT to Say to American Indian Coworkers
Sample Reading Things NOT to Say to American Indian Coworkers a. Hey, Chief. b. What’s your favorite movie? c. How old are you? d. Have you gained some weight recently? 001215 001408左右 口誤 011849結束討論

5 Sample Reading Things NOT to Say to American Indian Coworkers
Questions : What  Why  Who  Where  When  How 002119

6 Things NOT to Say to American Indian Coworkers
Sample Reading Things NOT to Say to American Indian Coworkers 1. How Indian are you? 2. Hey, Chief. 3. Squaw. 4. Hold down the fort. 5. Don’t you get everything for free? 6. Do you live in a teepee? 7. That’s a nice costume. 8. I’m part Cherokee. 9. Indian-giver. 10. You guys just need to stop living in the past! 002159 002310左右討論 結束討論 Ref. [3] [4] [5]

7 Things NOT to Say to American Indian Coworkers
Sample Reading Things NOT to Say to American Indian Coworkers Hold down the fort In a general context, “hold down the fort” simply refers to leaving someone in charge. But when said in reference to American Indians, it may be interpreted to mean “watch out for the Indians.” “Historically, forts in America were built to hold back the Indians,” says Waters, “this implies that Indians are always on the ‘war path.’” 003118 Ref. [3]

8 Squaw While there are different opinions as to the exact meaning and origin of the word “squaw,” that doesn’t give you free license to use it with American Indians, male or female. The word is believed to have come from the Algonquian Indian term for “woman,” but it began taking on derogatory meanings as early as the 19th century, and many now see it as a reference to a woman’s sexual organs. “Squaw, with most Indian males and females, is offensive,” says Waters. 003500 Ref. [3]

9 Reading Strategies & Procedures
Skimming 1: Read the title, sub-titles Guess the main ideas 003725 Things NOT to Say to American Indian Coworkers a. Hey, Chief. b. What’s your favorite movie? c. How old are you? d. Have you gained some weight recently?

10 What  Why  Who  Where  When  How
Skimming 1: (3) Read the guiding questions (4) Make predictions Questions : What  Why  Who  Where  When  How 003919

11 Reading Strategies & Procedures
1. How Indian are you? 2. Hey, Chief. 3. Squaw. 4. Hold down the fort. 5. Don’t you get everything for free? 6. Do you live in a teepee? 7. That’s a nice costume. 8. I’m part Cherokee. 9. Indian-giver. 10. You guys just need to stop living in the past! Skimming 2 : Read the 1st & 2nd sentences and the last sentence of each mini-section. Confirm the main idea(s) Identify questions/ problems 004031 Ref. [3] [4] [5]

12 Reading Strategies & Procedures
Scanning: Read carefully. Answer the Wh- Qs. Hold down the fort In a general context, “hold down the fort” simply refers to leaving someone in charge. But when said in reference to American Indians, it may be interpreted to mean “watch out for the Indians.” “Historically, forts in America were built to hold back the Indians,” says Waters, “this implies that Indians are always on the ‘war path.’” 004055 Ref. [3]

13 Reading Strategies & Procedures
Inferring: Associate details. Recover the meaning from context. Squaw While there are different opinions as to the exact meaning and origin of the word “squaw,” that doesn’t give you free license to use it with American Indians, male or female. The word is believed to have come from the Algonquian Indian term for “woman,” but it began taking on derogatory meanings as early as the 19th century, and many now see it as a reference to a woman’s sexual organs. “Squaw, with most Indian males and females, is offensive,” says Waters. 004115 Ref. [3]

14 Reading Strategies & Procedures
Things NOT to Say to American Indian Coworkers 1. How Indian are you? 2. Hey, Chief. 3. Squaw. 4. Hold down the fort. 5. Don’t you get everything for free? 6. Do you live in a teepee? 7. That’s a nice costume. 8. I’m part Cherokee. 9. Indian-giver. 10. You guys just need to stop living in the past! Summarizing & Note-Taking 004221 Ref. [3] [4] [5]

15 Critical Reading Reading Critical Reading Active-ness Investigation
Passive-ness Comprehension Extension Active-ness Investigation Reflection 004522

16 Be a Critical Reader Onion Peeling Concept Biased、Distorted、Prejudiced
Objectivity、Integrity Fair-mindedness 004741 Ref. [6]

17 Factor 1: Knowledge Factor 2: Ability
005039左腦右腦—女人往左或右轉

18 Factor 3: Personal Backgrounds
Video : Selective attention test Daniel Simons and Christopher Chabris (1999) 005505 Ref. [7]

19 Factor 4: The Completeness of the material
Video : Guardian TV Ad Newspapers Point Of View Skinhead 0103xx

20 Things NOT to Say to American Indian Coworkers
Sample Reading Things NOT to Say to American Indian Coworkers 1. How Indian are you? 2. Hey, Chief. 3. Squaw. 4. Hold down the fort. 5. Don’t you get everything for free? 6. Do you live in a teepee? 7. That’s a nice costume. 8. I’m part Cherokee. 9. Indian-giver. 10. You guys just need to stop living in the past! 有很長一段時間在討論,討論到011510

21 Useful Information & HW
Being a critical individual: Find 3 useful resources for training reading skills. Share your findings. Useful resources will be introduced by the teacher next week. 012540

22 Study Hard, Play Harder! USEFUL RESOURCE
Edward M. Glaser (1941). An Experiment in the Development of Critical Thinking. New York, Bureau of Publications, Teachers College, Columbia University.ISBN  Reynolds, Martin. (2011). Critical thinking and systems thinking: towards a critical literacy for systems thinking in practice“, p Facione, PA. (2011). “Critical Thinking: What It is and Why it Counts”.

23 版權聲明 頁碼 作品 版權標示 來源/作者 2 3 7,12 8,13 wikicommons/LadyofHats
本著作以創用CC0釋出,屬於公眾領域作品。 3 “Children must be taught how to think, not what to think.” Goodreads/Margaret Mead ( ) https://www.goodreads.com/author/quotes/61107.Margaret_Mead 依據著作權法第 46、52、65 條合理使用。 7,12 Hold down the fort……war path Things Not to Say to American Indian Coworkers/Diversityinc/Rick Waters 8,13 Squaw While…… Waters

24 版權聲明 頁碼 作品 版權標示 來源/作者 16 17 2, 3 15 Ask …...generalizations
wikicommons / Donovan Govan. 本著作以創用CC BY-SA授權釋出 17 Wikicommons / Nobuyuki Kayahara 本著作以創用CC BY-SA授權釋出。 2, 3 Ask …...generalizations Shafersman, S. D. (1991). An introduction to critical thinking. Retrieved 依據著作權法第 46、52、65 條合理使用。 15 Reading……Reflection 台大李維晏老師 本著作以創用CC BY-NC-SA授權釋出。 Biased…… mindedness


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