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THE ROLE OF RAMCHARITMANAS IN SPREADING UNIVERSAL VALUES IN A MULTICULTURAL MAURITIAN SOCIETY PREETI KIRAN HEMRAZ-HURDOYAL.

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Presentation on theme: "THE ROLE OF RAMCHARITMANAS IN SPREADING UNIVERSAL VALUES IN A MULTICULTURAL MAURITIAN SOCIETY PREETI KIRAN HEMRAZ-HURDOYAL."— Presentation transcript:

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2 THE ROLE OF RAMCHARITMANAS IN SPREADING UNIVERSAL VALUES IN A MULTICULTURAL MAURITIAN SOCIETY PREETI KIRAN HEMRAZ-HURDOYAL

3 OVERVIEW What is Ramcharitmanas? What is Ramcharitmanas? Greatness of Ramcharitmanas Greatness of Ramcharitmanas Cultural Aspect of Ramcharitmanas Cultural Aspect of Ramcharitmanas Purpose of Ethical Values in this contemporary age Purpose of Ethical Values in this contemporary age Its Role in eradicating evils Its Role in eradicating evils Relevance of Ramcharitmanas to the Mauritian Society Relevance of Ramcharitmanas to the Mauritian Society Symbolism of Characters in Ramcharitmanas Symbolism of Characters in Ramcharitmanas Contemporary Relevance of Ramcharitmanas and its Values Contemporary Relevance of Ramcharitmanas and its Values Impact of Values Impact of Values Results of Survey Results of Survey Main Teachings of Ramcharitmanas Main Teachings of Ramcharitmanas Conclusion Conclusion

4 What is Ramcharitmanas? Most popular and timeless epic poem Most popular and timeless epic poem Sacred scripture: Depicts the Art of living Sacred scripture: Depicts the Art of living Written by the Medieval Indian Saint poet of 16 th Century, GOSWAMI TULSIDAS Written by the Medieval Indian Saint poet of 16 th Century, GOSWAMI TULSIDAS In Mauritius, commonly known as ‘Ramayan’ In Mauritius, commonly known as ‘Ramayan’ Classical Masterpiece of world literature. Classical Masterpiece of world literature. A treasure of knowledge which has the power to educate people A treasure of knowledge which has the power to educate people

5 Greatness of Ramcharitmanas A lamp of divine guidance for scholars and common people. A lamp of divine guidance for scholars and common people. Aims at empowering the human dignity Aims at empowering the human dignity Lays great emphasis on Dharma (Righteousness) and moral conduct. Lays great emphasis on Dharma (Righteousness) and moral conduct. Spreads ethical values and combats social evils Spreads ethical values and combats social evils Depicts the essence of human life Depicts the essence of human life

6 Cultural Aspect of Ramcharitmanas Basis of culture: Morality, Spirituality and Ethics Basis of culture: Morality, Spirituality and Ethics Blend of cultures – human, demon, animals and Demigods Blend of cultures – human, demon, animals and Demigods Stresses on ‘Unity in Diversity’ Stresses on ‘Unity in Diversity’ Vasudhaiva kutumbakam : the whole world is one family Vasudhaiva kutumbakam : the whole world is one family Salient features of Indian Culture Salient features of Indian Culture Sixteen ‘Sanskaras’ in the life of an individual – from womb till tomb Sixteen ‘Sanskaras’ in the life of an individual – from womb till tomb

7 Purpose of Ethical Values in this Contemporary Age Morality : Foundation of our Existence Morality : Foundation of our Existence Heading towards Moral Bankruptcy Heading towards Moral Bankruptcy Downfall of mankind Downfall of mankind Human mind, language, behaviour, actions are corrupt 1. Human mind, language, behaviour, actions are corrupt 1. ‘Kalyug’ age : Evil dominates and righteousness has to suffer 2. ‘Kalyug’ age : Evil dominates and righteousness has to suffer 2. More materialistic and individualistic approach towards life : Decline in humanity and morality More materialistic and individualistic approach towards life : Decline in humanity and morality Communal riots, Violence, Terrorism Communal riots, Violence, Terrorism Ref: 1: Gandhi 2: Bhagvad Gita 2: Bhagvad Gita

8 Its Role in Eradicating Evils The Concept of Idealism The Concept of Idealism Ram is portrayed as an ideal person who does his duties irrespective of circumstances. Ram is portrayed as an ideal person who does his duties irrespective of circumstances. Follow the Path of Righteousness Follow the Path of Righteousness No violation of moral conduct No violation of moral conduct The Law of Karma (Action) : Universal Law of Action The Law of Karma (Action) : Universal Law of Action As you sow, so, you will reap. As you sow, so, you will reap. Every action has an equal and opposite reaction. Every action has an equal and opposite reaction. The Power of Humility The Power of Humility Ravan was very powerful but arrogance and unethical means became the cause of his death. Ravan was very powerful but arrogance and unethical means became the cause of his death.

9 Relevance of Ramcharitmanas to the Mauritian Society Mauritius is a multi-religious, multi-cultural, multi- lingual and multi-ethnic society. Mauritius is a multi-religious, multi-cultural, multi- lingual and multi-ethnic society. The Epic depicts the ideal life of a multicultural society. The Epic depicts the ideal life of a multicultural society. Provides solutions/remedies to societal problems. Provides solutions/remedies to societal problems. Lays emphasis on social unity and universal progress Lays emphasis on social unity and universal progress

10 Symbolism of Characters in Ramcharitmanas RAM: Ideal man, the giver of bliss, the epitome of righteousness. RAM: Ideal man, the giver of bliss, the epitome of righteousness. SITA : Woman who gets carried away by worldly attraction (golden deer) and goes beyond the code of conduct (Lakshman Rekha). SITA : Woman who gets carried away by worldly attraction (golden deer) and goes beyond the code of conduct (Lakshman Rekha). VIBHISHAN: A demon which does ethical actions. VIBHISHAN: A demon which does ethical actions. Action makes a man. Action makes a man. Action must go beyond caste, creed and religion. Action must go beyond caste, creed and religion. HANUMAN: Portrayed in the form of a Monkey HANUMAN: Portrayed in the form of a Monkey Monkeys are restless by nature but if they have a target in life then they can equally make wonders as Hanuman did. Monkeys are restless by nature but if they have a target in life then they can equally make wonders as Hanuman did. He depicts the Human mind He depicts the Human mind Hanuman stands for absolute renunciation. Hanuman stands for absolute renunciation.

11 DASHRUTH: A man of word. DASHRUTH: A man of word. Lost his life to keep his promise Lost his life to keep his promise BHARAT and LAKSHMAN: Symbolises universal brotherhood, devotion and sacrifice. BHARAT and LAKSHMAN: Symbolises universal brotherhood, devotion and sacrifice. RAVAN: Symbolises arrogance and pride. RAVAN: Symbolises arrogance and pride. Giver of pain Giver of pain SURPANAKHA: Sister of Ravan SURPANAKHA: Sister of Ravan Embodiment of desire and lust Embodiment of desire and lust MARICHA: Symbolises the worldly attraction. MARICHA: Symbolises the worldly attraction. The characters of Ramacharitmanas are symbolic and they have many implications. Symbolism of Characters in Ramcharitmanas (cont’d)

12 Contemporary Relevance of Ramcharitmanas ‘Universal’ Appeal of Ramcharitmanas and its values ‘Universal’ Appeal of Ramcharitmanas and its values Synthesis of different cultures Synthesis of different cultures Emphasis on respect, love, tolerance for all communities Emphasis on respect, love, tolerance for all communities Emphasis on globalisation and unity Emphasis on globalisation and unity Life of Rama revolves around elevating the human mind and promoting righteousness. Life of Rama revolves around elevating the human mind and promoting righteousness.

13 Contemporary Relevance of Ramcharitmanas (cont’d) The solution to problems of modern time: The solution to problems of modern time: Family problems Family problems Socio-cultural problems Socio-cultural problems Political front – the concept of Ram Rajya Political front – the concept of Ram Rajya Economic Problems Economic Problems Environmental Problems Environmental Problems Destroys the myth that Ramcharitmanas is the treasure of the Hindu Society only. Destroys the myth that Ramcharitmanas is the treasure of the Hindu Society only. Its contribution to the evolution of a peaceful society. Its contribution to the evolution of a peaceful society. Depicts the journey from ‘Nar’ ( human) to ‘Narayan’ (embodiment of divine qualities) Depicts the journey from ‘Nar’ ( human) to ‘Narayan’ (embodiment of divine qualities)

14 Impact of Values Purify the mind and remove all impurities Purify the mind and remove all impurities Make the society a better place to live Make the society a better place to live Enable a person to achieve his real goal in life Enable a person to achieve his real goal in life Cut across all cultures and help in establishing one culture: Humanity Cut across all cultures and help in establishing one culture: Humanity Shapes the personality of human being Shapes the personality of human being

15 Results of Survey Objectives of survey: Objectives of survey: Popularity and Universal appeal of the epic Popularity and Universal appeal of the epic Impact on : (1) Individual (2) Family (3) Society (4) Politics Impact on : (1) Individual (2) Family (3) Society (4) Politics Its contribution in spreading moral and ethical values Its contribution in spreading moral and ethical values Its contribution in bringing unity in Mauritian Society Its contribution in bringing unity in Mauritian Society

16 Results of survey (cont’d) Popularity of Ramcharitmanas Popularity of Ramcharitmanas

17 Results of survey (cont’d) Universal Appeal of Ramcharitmanas Universal Appeal of Ramcharitmanas

18 Results of survey (cont’d) Its contribution in bringing unity in Mauritian Society Its contribution in bringing unity in Mauritian Society

19 Results of survey (cont’d) Its contribution in spreading moral and ethical values Its contribution in spreading moral and ethical values

20 Main Teachings of Ramcharitmanas Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam – Globalisation Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam – Globalisation Concept of Ram Rajya – the reign of righteousness Concept of Ram Rajya – the reign of righteousness Morality: Essence of Human life Morality: Essence of Human life Character is man made which can be improved Character is man made which can be improved Unity in Diversity Unity in Diversity Universal Brotherhood and peace Universal Brotherhood and peace Tolerance Tolerance Righteous Behaviour Righteous Behaviour Strict adherence towards duty Strict adherence towards duty Control of senses leads to a balanced state of mind Control of senses leads to a balanced state of mind

21 CONCLUSION “ In fact, the Ramayan and the Mahabharata are the two encyclopedias of Ancient Aryan life and wisdom, portraying the ideal civilisation, which humanity has yet to aspire after.” - Swami Vivekananda

22 THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION


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