2PREETI KIRAN HEMRAZ-HURDOYAL THE ROLE OF RAMCHARITMANAS IN SPREADING UNIVERSAL VALUES IN A MULTICULTURAL MAURITIAN SOCIETYPREETI KIRAN HEMRAZ-HURDOYAL
3OVERVIEW What is Ramcharitmanas? Greatness of Ramcharitmanas Cultural Aspect of RamcharitmanasPurpose of Ethical Values in this contemporary ageIts Role in eradicating evilsRelevance of Ramcharitmanas to the Mauritian SocietySymbolism of Characters in RamcharitmanasContemporary Relevance of Ramcharitmanas and its ValuesImpact of ValuesResults of SurveyMain Teachings of RamcharitmanasConclusion
4What is Ramcharitmanas? Most popular and timeless epic poemSacred scripture: Depicts the Art of livingWritten by the Medieval Indian Saint poet of 16th Century, GOSWAMI TULSIDASIn Mauritius, commonly known as ‘Ramayan’Classical Masterpiece of world literature.A treasure of knowledge which has the power to educate people
5Greatness of Ramcharitmanas A lamp of divine guidance for scholars and common people.Aims at empowering the human dignityLays great emphasis on Dharma (Righteousness) and moral conduct.Spreads ethical values and combats social evilsDepicts the essence of human life
6Cultural Aspect of Ramcharitmanas Basis of culture: Morality, Spirituality and EthicsBlend of cultures – human, demon, animals and DemigodsStresses on ‘Unity in Diversity’Vasudhaiva kutumbakam : the whole world is one familySalient features of Indian CultureSixteen ‘Sanskaras’ in the life of an individual – from womb till tomb
7Purpose of Ethical Values in this Contemporary Age Morality : Foundation of our ExistenceHeading towards Moral BankruptcyDownfall of mankindHuman mind, language, behaviour, actions are corrupt1.‘Kalyug’ age : Evil dominates and righteousness has to suffer2.More materialistic and individualistic approach towards life : Decline in humanity and moralityCommunal riots, Violence, TerrorismRef: 1: Gandhi2: Bhagvad Gita
8Its Role in Eradicating Evils The Concept of IdealismRam is portrayed as an ideal person who does his duties irrespective of circumstances.Follow the Path of RighteousnessNo violation of moral conductThe Law of Karma (Action) : Universal Law of ActionAs you sow, so, you will reap.Every action has an equal and opposite reaction.The Power of HumilityRavan was very powerful but arrogance and unethical means became the cause of his death.
9Relevance of Ramcharitmanas to the Mauritian Society Mauritius is a multi-religious, multi-cultural, multi- lingual and multi-ethnic society.The Epic depicts the ideal life of a multicultural society.Provides solutions/remedies to societal problems.Lays emphasis on social unity and universal progress
10Symbolism of Characters in Ramcharitmanas RAM: Ideal man, the giver of bliss, the epitome of righteousness.SITA : Woman who gets carried away by worldly attraction (golden deer) and goes beyond the code of conduct (Lakshman Rekha).VIBHISHAN: A demon which does ethical actions.Action makes a man.Action must go beyond caste, creed and religion.HANUMAN: Portrayed in the form of a MonkeyMonkeys are restless by nature but if they have a target in life then they can equally make wonders as Hanuman did.He depicts the Human mindHanuman stands for absolute renunciation.
11Symbolism of Characters in Ramcharitmanas (cont’d) DASHRUTH: A man of word.Lost his life to keep his promiseBHARAT and LAKSHMAN: Symbolises universal brotherhood, devotion and sacrifice.RAVAN: Symbolises arrogance and pride.Giver of painSURPANAKHA: Sister of RavanEmbodiment of desire and lustMARICHA: Symbolises the worldly attraction.The characters of Ramacharitmanas are symbolic and they have many implications.
12Contemporary Relevance of Ramcharitmanas ‘Universal’ Appeal of Ramcharitmanas and its valuesSynthesis of different culturesEmphasis on respect, love, tolerance for all communitiesEmphasis on globalisation and unityLife of Rama revolves around elevating the human mind and promoting righteousness.
13Contemporary Relevance of Ramcharitmanas (cont’d) The solution to problems of modern time:Family problemsSocio-cultural problemsPolitical front – the concept of Ram RajyaEconomic ProblemsEnvironmental ProblemsDestroys the myth that Ramcharitmanas is the treasure of the Hindu Society only.Its contribution to the evolution of a peaceful society.Depicts the journey from ‘Nar’ ( human) to ‘Narayan’ (embodiment of divine qualities)
14Impact of Values Purify the mind and remove all impurities Make the society a better place to liveEnable a person to achieve his real goal in lifeCut across all cultures and help in establishing one culture: HumanityShapes the personality of human being
15Results of Survey Objectives of survey: Popularity and Universal appeal of the epicImpact on : (1) Individual (2) Family (3) Society (4) PoliticsIts contribution in spreading moral and ethical valuesIts contribution in bringing unity in Mauritian Society
16Results of survey (cont’d) Popularity of Ramcharitmanas
17Results of survey (cont’d) Universal Appeal of Ramcharitmanas
18Results of survey (cont’d) Its contribution in bringing unity in Mauritian Society
19Results of survey (cont’d) Its contribution in spreading moral and ethical values
20Main Teachings of Ramcharitmanas Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam – GlobalisationConcept of Ram Rajya – the reign of righteousnessMorality: Essence of Human lifeCharacter is man made which can be improvedUnity in DiversityUniversal Brotherhood and peaceToleranceRighteous BehaviourStrict adherence towards dutyControl of senses leads to a balanced state of mind
21CONCLUSION“ In fact, the Ramayan and the Mahabharata are the two encyclopedias of Ancient Aryan life and wisdom, portraying the ideal civilisation, which humanity has yet to aspire after.”- Swami Vivekananda