Presentation on theme: "Cetip overview Fixed Income Electronic Trading Platform Risk Mitigation tools: Triparty Collateral Management for bilateral deals and Calculation Agent."— Presentation transcript:
Cetip overview Fixed Income Electronic Trading Platform Risk Mitigation tools: Triparty Collateral Management for bilateral deals and Calculation Agent Centralised Settlement Processing More than daily. CSD - largest of Latin America with USD 1.8 trillion AUC Trade Repository for OTC Derivatives with notional of USD 300 billion Trading Vertically Integrated Business Model
CETIPCOLateral A new services dimension
Use of collateral comparing Brazil to other markets
Brazilian FX Crisis U$/R$ - 1,68; Inflation – 0,3% p.m.; 3,66% p.a.; Interes Rate – 27,21% p.a. Lula’s First Government U$/R$ - 3,59; Inflation – 1,52% p.m.; 20,56% p.a.; Interes Rate – 25,85% p.a. Global Credit Crisis U$/R$ - 1,619 CETIP HISTORICAL DATA OF OTC DERIVATIVES MARKET – Notional Outstanding Amounts - U$ Billion OTC Derivatives Market in Brazil
Pioneering solution - registration Centralised Transparent Brazilian OTC Mandatory Registration OTC transactions must be registered in a centralised system approved by the Brazilian Securities Commission and the Central Bank of Brazil Mandatory identification of the beneficiary owner Registration through a centralised electronic system by the authorised participants The OTC Clearinghouse are responsible for analysing and approving of the transactions submitted to registration and trading First regulation issued in 1994
Pioneering solution – calculation agent Centralised Transparent Brazilian OTC Mandatory Registration Collateral Management Calculation Agent CETIP hired Algorithmics to support their MtM calculation. Calculation Agent: In June 2010 Cetip starts to act as Calculation Agent with Algorithmics system. Calculation Agent: In June 2010 Cetip starts to act as Calculation Agent with Algorithmics system. Availability of files and reports, often daily, containing the value of transactions recorded exposures
Pioneering solution – Collateral Management Centralised Transparent Brazilian OTC Mandatory Registration Collateral Management Calculation Agent Cetip and Clearstream cooperate in the area of collateral management for the benefit of the Brazilian market and its Participants Roll-out of the services will take place step by step in project phases. Phase I: Collateralisation of OTC derivative exposures Cetip exposure calculation as optional feature Cetip and SELIC assets eligible as collateral Collateral management functions powered by Clearstream Collateral movements will only occur domestically, i.e. in the Brazilian jurisdiction New customer web based interface Roll-out of the services will take place step by step in project phases. Phase I: Collateralisation of OTC derivative exposures Cetip exposure calculation as optional feature Cetip and SELIC assets eligible as collateral Collateral management functions powered by Clearstream Collateral movements will only occur domestically, i.e. in the Brazilian jurisdiction New customer web based interface The cooperation is guided by feedback received from market participants and counts with formal approval by the CVM and the Central Bank
Request by the Participant (all forms available at Cetip site) Cetip sets up Pool accounts, collateral accounts and elegibility criteria Participant receives authenticated letter with sign on to CETIPCOLateral Participants access the system and creates users and group of users How it works
As per the Contract Set-up form, also known as Eligibility Form, the counterparties using CETIPCOLateral may establish various parameters and criteria for the eligibility of securities that may be used or accepted as collateral. Some of the key parameters are: Independent amount: it is an amount to be collateralised independently of the regular exposure. Threshold: It establishes a limit to the deficit or excess of collateral to be applicable prior to an automatic collateral margin allocation. MTA – Minimum Transfer Amount: It is the minimum collateral value applied to each top-up collateral movement. Limits per securities: it is possible to set concentration limits per type of securities. Limits per issuer: it is possible to set concentration limits per issuer. Haircuts: it is possible to establish haircuts depending on ratings of the securities. Contract set-up form
The form must be signed by two authorised people from each Participant. Cetip will validate the signatures. The signed form must be delivered to the Cetip´s Collateral Management Operations area.
Exposure notification Counterparties doing their own exposure calculation Counterparties agree to use only the exposure calculation from one counterparty CETIP as Calculation Agent for Both Counterparties CETIP as calculation agent for one counterparty Exposure Calculation
Collateral Management Services Participant A (Cetip) Participant B (Cetip) OTC Derivatives Trades Exposure Notification Exposure Notification Exposure Notification Collateral Transfer Instruction
Securities at the Cetip Depository Debentures Bank CDs Interbank Certificates Financial Notes (“Letras Financeiras”) issued by banks All eligible securities must have a valid ISIN. If a particular asset has no ISIN, please contact Cetip Collateral Management Operations. Eligible securities Securities at the Selic Depository Federal Government Securities Fiduciary account at Selic In order to have Selic securities in the collateral pool account, the client must have a fiduciary account at Selic managed by Cetip. The account opening must be done with Cetip Collateral Management Operations.
Cash as collateral In order to allocate cash, the Participant must effect the deposit previously with Cetip. Once cash transfer is settled, the cash will move to the pool account to be available to the automatic allocation process. The cash will be held in the name of Cetip in a segregated cash account with the settlement bank used by Cetip. Eligible securities
Auto-allocation process The securities that may be used as collateral must be available in the Pool account. From the Pool account CETIPCOLateral will automatically transfer the securities to the collateral accounts depending on the bilateral risk exposure previously notified into the system. Upon the risk exposure notification, there will an automatic top-up or withdraw between the pool account of the giver and the collateral account(s) of the taker(s). The auto-allocation process aims at optimising the use of collateral and takes place every 15 minutes. Systems functionalities
Auto-allocation with SELIC securities SELIC Collateral Giver Trading account SELIC Collateral Giver Fiduciary account CETIP Collateral Giver Collateral Pool account (SELIC and CETIP assets) Assets 1 Assets 2 Assets 3 Assets... Assets 1 Assets 2 Assets 3 Assets Collateral Giver moves the Selic from the free trading account to the Selic Collateral Giver Fiduciary assignment account which is solely controlled by Cetip and reflected in the Cetip Collateral Pool account. 2. Once Selic assets are reflected in the Cetip Collateral Pool account, the auto-allocation process will use them similarly to the Cetip assets in the Cetip Collateral Pool account.
Auto-allocation process CETIP & SELIC Collateral Giver Trading accounts CETIP Collateral Giver Collateral Pool account (SELIC and CETIP assets) Asset 1 Asset 2 Asset 3 Assets... collateral account beneficiary “A” collateral account beneficiary “B” collateral account beneficiary “C” Asset 1 Asset 2 Asset 3 Assets... Assets 1 Assets 2 Assets Collateral Giver moves the assets to be used under collateral management service, into a Collateral Pool account 2. Collateral Management system will monitor in real-time basis all movements of assets in the Collateral Pool account in order to deduct which assets are freely available for collateral management 3. Appropriate movements of SELIC assets will be automatically initiated by CETIP.
Automatic margin calls and withdraw In case of over-collateralization, the collateral management system will return the excess of collateral to the collateral giver collateral pool account Unlimited automatic substitutions If a security used as collateral is recalled by the collateral giver out of his collateral pool account, the collateral management system will automatically try to replace eligible securities by an other one available in the collateral pool account before authorising the substitution In case there is no more eligible collateral in the collateral pool account, then a substitution of collateral between collateral accounts (collateral swap) will be triggered providing that differences in eligibility profiles between a collateral giver’s counterparties create the opportunity for a three-way substitution System functionalities
Interest or any payments including amortisations Any payment due to a security being held as collateral will be credited to the trading account of the collateral giver. Redemptions The cash received by Cetip due to a redemption will considered cash collateral in the collateral account of the collateral Taker. Corporate events
In case of Default, Cetip may block the collateral accounts upon formal notification of the Participant in accordance with the bilateral agreement. The auto-allocation process is imediatelly suspended with no further movements of securities. At this stage the movement of securities will performed by Cetip. The securities are transfered free of payment. In no case Cetip will sell or redeem secutiries to move cash to Participants. Default case
E-learning Cetip offers to its participants an e-learning tool to access the description and functionalities of the CETIPCOLateral.