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Cohesion and Norm Enforcement. Cohesion = Norm Enforcement EGSocial Capital EGCollective Efficacy.

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Presentation on theme: "Cohesion and Norm Enforcement. Cohesion = Norm Enforcement EGSocial Capital EGCollective Efficacy."— Presentation transcript:

1 Cohesion and Norm Enforcement

2 Cohesion = Norm Enforcement EGSocial Capital EGCollective Efficacy

3 Cohesion ≠ Norm Enforcement Empirical Findings Theory

4 Cohesion = Norm Enforcement OR Cohesion ≠ Norm Enforcement

5 How is cohesion related to social norms? ???? Cohesion Social Norms

6 Theory Benefits of Norms –Direct Valued in and of themselves –Indirect Enhance ability to exchange Cohesion Enhance interest in exchange

7 Indirect x Cohesion Benefits Metanorms Norms

8 Hypotheses H1: Indirect benefits x Cohesion  Norms H2: Indirect benefits x Cohesion  Metanorms H3: Metanorms  Norms

9 Experiment Design Indirect Benefit No Indirect Benefit Cohesion No Cohesion

10 Procedures

11 Overview -Receive Income

12 Receive Income _______________________________________________ Your personal income is 30. 30 Personal Income 0 Total Savings _______________________________________________

13 Overview -Receive Income -Deviance

14 Deviance ________________________________________________________ V has stolen 10 points from W. 30 Personal Income 0 Total Savings ________________________________________________________ _

15 Overview -Receive Income -Deviance -Sanctioning decision

16 Sanctioning Decision ________________________________________________________ Please wait for W to decide what to do. 30 Personal Income 0 Total Savings ________________________________________________________

17 Sanctioning Decision _______________________________________________________ W decided to punish V.33 Personal As a result of W’s choice, Income 3 points are given to you, W, Y, and Z.0 Total Savings ________________________________________________________

18 Overview -Receive Income -Deviance -Sanctioning decision -Rewarding decision

19 Rewarding Decisions ________________________________________________________ 1 point from giver = 3 points for receiver 33 You may decide what to do withPersonal your income points.Income Keep __ points in your personal income0 Give __ points to W.Total Give __ points to Y.Savings Giver __ points to Z. _______________________________________________________

20 Rewarding Decisions ______________________________________________________ 1 point from giver = 3 points for receiver ?? You kept __ points.Personal Income You gave:You received: __ to W__ from W0 __ to Y__ from YTotal __ to Z__ from ZSavings ______________________________________________________

21 Overview -Receive Income -Deviance -Sanctioning decision -Reward decisions -End of trial

22 End of Trial and Beginning of New Trial _______________________________________________ Points from your personal income30 have been moved into yourPersonal savings.Income Your new personal income is 30 points.?? Total Savings _______________________________________________

23 Independent Variables Benefits of Sanctioning Indirect Benefit Benefits of sanctioning placed in Personal Income and can be used in exchange. No Indirect Benefit Benefits of sanctioning placed in Total Savings and cannot be used in exchange.

24 Sanctioning Decision ______________________________________________ W decided to punish V.__ Personal As a result of W’s choice, Income 3 points are given to you, W, Y, and Z.__ Total Savings ______________________________________________

25 Cohesion Points received from others worth 3 times one’s own points. (1:3) No Cohesion Points received from others worth the same as one’s own points. (1:1)

26 Rewarding Decisions ________________________________________________________ 1 point from giver = 3 points for receiver 1 point from giver = 1 point for receiver 33 You may decide what to do withPersonal your income points.Income Keep __ points in your personal income0 Give __ points to W.Total Give __ points to Y.Savings Giver __ points to Z. _______________________________________________________

27 Dependent Variables Norms Punishment rate for the group. Metanorms Difference between rewards given to victims who punished and to victims who did not punish.

28 Results

29 Table 1. Mean Norms and Metanorms Indirect Benefit No Indirect Benefit CohesionNorms Metanorms.898 (.136) 5.47* (1.96).597 (.293) 2.58* (2.81) No Cohesion Norms Metanorms.690 (.182) 2.82 (1.43).745 (.149) 3.19 (1.58) N=14 except for starred items where N=13.

30 Table 2. Regression Results Model 1 a Norms Model 2 b Metanorms Model 3 b Norms Intercept.745**** (.0535)3.19**** (.535).631**** (.0640) Cohesion-.148+ (.0756)-.609 (.771)-.157* (.0709) Indirect Benefit-.0543 (.0756)-.370 (.756)-.0412 (.0693) Cohesion * Indirect Benefit.356*** (.107)3.27*** (1.09).263* (.108) Metanorms-----.0356** (.0129) R-square.24.26.37 a N=56; b N=54 **** p<.0001; *** p<.005; ** p<.01; * p<.05; + p<.1

31 Indirect x Cohesion Benefits Metanorms Norms

32 Relative size and direction of direct and indirect benefits EGAmerican South Norm content and indirect benefits? EGReciprocity Social institutions and indirect benefits? EGFormal Rules

33 If we can identify direct and indirect benefits, and the structure of social relations Then we can more accurately predict norms.


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