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OTTO STERN February 17, 1888 - August 17, 1969 Nobel Prize Winner 1944 Brought to you by: Rachel Miller PHY 240.

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Presentation on theme: "OTTO STERN February 17, 1888 - August 17, 1969 Nobel Prize Winner 1944 Brought to you by: Rachel Miller PHY 240."— Presentation transcript:

1 OTTO STERN February 17, August 17, 1969 Nobel Prize Winner 1944 Brought to you by: Rachel Miller PHY 240

2 Where did this guy come from? Otto was born in Zary, Poland… formerly known as Sohrau, GermanyOtto was born in Zary, Poland… formerly known as Sohrau, GermanyOtto was born in Zary, Poland… formerly known as Sohrau, GermanyOtto was born in Zary, Poland… formerly known as Sohrau, Germany

3 How did Otto get so smart?! Otto attended high school in Breslau, Germany after moving there with his parentsOtto attended high school in Breslau, Germany after moving there with his parents After high school, Otto continued his education at the University of Breslau in 1906After high school, Otto continued his education at the University of Breslau in 1906 Just six years later he graduated with a Ph. D in physical chemistryJust six years later he graduated with a Ph. D in physical chemistry

4 Hanging with our pal Einstein… Following Otto’s graduation he joined Einstein at the University of Prague… and again, followed him to the University of ZurichFollowing Otto’s graduation he joined Einstein at the University of Prague… and again, followed him to the University of Zurich

5 While at the University of Zurich… Otto became the lecturer of Physical Chemistry at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in 1913.Otto became the lecturer of Physical Chemistry at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in 1913.

6 Working with Al…

7 Quickly changing… In 1914 Stern relocated to the University of Frankfurt am Main as lecturer of Theoretical Physics, remaining there until 1921In 1914 Stern relocated to the University of Frankfurt am Main as lecturer of Theoretical Physics, remaining there until 1921 Slightly interrupted by serving in the Military… Slightly interrupted by serving in the Military…

8 Getting the Professor title… In 1921 Stern was finally named a Professor at the University of Rostock in 1921…In 1921 Stern was finally named a Professor at the University of Rostock in 1921… Soon after he left in 1923 to work at the newly founded Institute of Physical Chemistry at the University of HamburgSoon after he left in 1923 to work at the newly founded Institute of Physical Chemistry at the University of Hamburg

9 Driven from home… Stern, being Jewish, left Germany when the Nazi regime took power in 1933…Stern, being Jewish, left Germany when the Nazi regime took power in 1933… Thus landing him in the United States to continue his workThus landing him in the United States to continue his work

10 Coming to America …. Once in the United States, Stern was named Research Professor of Physics at the Carnegie Institute of TechnologyOnce in the United States, Stern was named Research Professor of Physics at the Carnegie Institute of Technology Later earning professor emeritus (retired but with an honorary title) in 1945 at the University of California, BerkeleyLater earning professor emeritus (retired but with an honorary title) in 1945 at the University of California, Berkeley

11 Why do we care about Stern? For his help in the development of the molecular ray method and for his discovery of the magnetic moment of the protonFor his help in the development of the molecular ray method and for his discovery of the magnetic moment of the proton

12 Molecular ray method… Stern and Walther Gerlach experimented with molecular-beams Hamburg in the early 1920s.Stern and Walther Gerlach experimented with molecular-beams Hamburg in the early 1920s. They conducted the experiment by shooting a beam of silver atoms through a nonuniform magnetic field onto a glass plateThey conducted the experiment by shooting a beam of silver atoms through a nonuniform magnetic field onto a glass plate The beam separated into 2 beams, confirming the space quantization theory, that atoms can position themselves in a B field in only in a few directions (2 for Silver), as opposed to any direction, like we thought from classical physics

13 Magnetic Moment of the proton… Stern discovered the magnetic moment (strength of a subatomic particle’s magnetic property) of the proton by using a molecular beam, from his original experimentingStern discovered the magnetic moment (strength of a subatomic particle’s magnetic property) of the proton by using a molecular beam, from his original experimenting He established that it was really about 2 1/2 times the theoretical value.He established that it was really about 2 1/2 times the theoretical value.

14 One last contribution… Stern contributed in the discovery of spin quantization while working with Gerlach on the magnetic moment of a protonStern contributed in the discovery of spin quantization while working with Gerlach on the magnetic moment of a proton He was not recognized with the Nobel Prize for this award, but I recognized this when we studied the angular momentum of electronsHe was not recognized with the Nobel Prize for this award, but I recognized this when we studied the angular momentum of electrons

15 What did he get for all of his hard work?! Stern was awarded the 1943 Nobel Prize in PhysicsStern was awarded the 1943 Nobel Prize in Physics Fun facts… He was the first person awarded since 1939, he was the only person to receive a Physics award for the year, and the committee held his award for one year. He officially received his reward in 1944.Fun facts… He was the first person awarded since 1939, he was the only person to receive a Physics award for the year, and the committee held his award for one year. He officially received his reward in 1944.

16 Sources: 443/ 443/ ysics/laureates/1943/ ysics/laureates/1943/ c/565746/Otto-Stern c/565746/Otto-Stern


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