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On Industry Development and Its Sustainability Linkage in Kinmen Yung-Jaan Lee Ming-Wei Liu.

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Presentation on theme: "On Industry Development and Its Sustainability Linkage in Kinmen Yung-Jaan Lee Ming-Wei Liu."— Presentation transcript:

1 On Industry Development and Its Sustainability Linkage in Kinmen Yung-Jaan Lee Ming-Wei Liu

2 Outline Introduction Sustainable development and regime theory Kinmen’s industrial development and its sustainable strategies Conclusions: the value of SD

3 Introduction

4 Introduction In the 20th century, widespread industrialization has caused great environmental damages Sustainability and development have always been a conflict and trade-off sustainable development In 1980, IUCN, UNEP and WWF presented the document which resulted in the new term ‘ sustainable development ’ (SD)

5 Sustainability Development SD 19C-20C 1945-60 1960-80 1980- Age of SD Introduction

6 Environment has always been a political issue (Miller, 1995) This paper will have a further discussion on the orientation of sustainability and its policy implication which affects local industrial development Introduction

7 Review of theories and industrial policies Industry analysis Regime Theory and its social practice Policy suggestions Development of sustainability policies Sustainable society Sustainability vs. Regime theory Global policies of sustainability Introduction

8 SD and Regime Theory

9 SD SD emphases on improving human QOL global SD proclaims that the whole world must look at resource-using processes, from ecology, society, and economy to attain global SD Nature Society EconomySustainableDevelopmentSustainableDevelopment

10 Regime theory: a social theory of sustainability Regime theory (Stoker, 1995): new political relationships between private and the third sectors are gradually growing up to take the place of traditional power in autarchic society

11 Central Government Local government Third Parties Empowe r-ment Partnership Public participation Regime theory: a social theory of sustainability

12 Regime theory is a new theory that operates on society as a new constitution of social networks, analyzing social networks through the efforts of different organizations Hierocratic system Social Network Connection Regime theory: a social theory of sustainability

13 Role of government National gov’ts aimed at governing to enabling to discentering its powers Governments were viewed as catalysts, playing the role operating between government and NGOs Government Non-government EnablingGoverning New government

14 Industrial analysis and the practice of sustainability Industrial history of Kinmen By 10C the settlements on the coast naturally became fishing villages 12C started agriculture 15C setup Kinmen fort 17-20C under war fire ? 21C The 2-3rd Industry

15 Industrial analysis and the practice of sustainability Fishing Market Agriculture

16 Kinmen’s development and national strategies 1950-1992, Kinmen was under military control Many constructions were in need: agriculture: to provide 8 times agriculture production green construction: kept its green image for military security reasons to follow low-density development policies, led to underground military works

17 Kinmen’s development and national strategies Layout of historical land use distribution

18 Sustainable strategies After martial law was ended, policy turns to ‘tourism orientation’ ecological tourism reflect ecological tourism planning strategy development policies should sum up by guidelines 1. small-scale development 2. relevant to social factors 3. according to a systematic theme concern about ecological protection and cultural conservation

19 Industrial development and sustainability strategies

20 A view of an ordinary city Kinmen is not equipped with the characteristics to develop as a world city in the global economic perspective

21 A view of an ordinary city Kinmen can be explored as an ordinary city differs from global competition, can develop its own diversity, creative, modern and distinguished form which allows the city to develop any possibility

22 Stainable industry practice of regime theory the real problem that occurs in Kinmen’s industrial policies is their community development experiences have nothing to do with spatial and socioeconomic reformation

23 Stainable industry practice of regime theory Regime theory Regime theory takes ‘the connection of social networks to view as an effective action, in order to gain social cooperation and constant relationship’

24 In order to rise up a local revival, the following three dimensions are taken to fulfil sustainability: Rules of economy Rules of economy – build up community social networks to improve quality of life

25 Rules of equity Rules of equity – rebuild a resource-using processes to promote bio-diversity Rules of ecology Rules of ecology – organize local parties to promote long- term development

26 Agenda 21 -- SD relies on public participation A community can meet ‘collective economy’ by the connections of social networks. The key technique of ‘collective consumption’ is the instance community awareness Communities can grow only by the supporting system of community awareness and government support Rules of economy

27 The hierarchical government has emphasized the power of resource distribution destroy Government redistribution policy that is not sustainable, but brought about a biological vicious circle that destroy biodiversity sustainable perspective Policies should be in a long term sustainable perspective to create new land use policies that makes the best of natural resources Rules of equity

28 Eco-developing which community SD emphasized Individual : SD that was spoken of in regime theory is ‘promoting the over all developing based on individual development’ Rules of ecology

29 Community : The ideal community structure is the points that regime a complex, it is an operating system of mutual learning, promoting participation, and it aims to community development Ecology : Partnership and regime negotiation theory always put emphasis on and that is the ecological/operational definition of regime theory

30 Conclusion The value of SD

31 sustainable value The value of beautiful life relies on the resource application of living industries which emphases and focus on its sustainable value, not just satisfied by each time of environment expense. improving human quality of life improving human quality of life … Agenda 21. What is a beautiful life?

32 biodiversity First sector: should develop the agricultural industry that fits local conditions, to expect the recovery of biodiversity. Regime theory is a way instead of fake equity by distributing agriculture subsidy by searching mutual profits in every sector among society Social contract of subsidy is a technique encouraging to develop strategies which may change exhausted farms to green gardens. SD concepts in policy implication

33 Second sector: complexity of social network is the core discourse of urban regime theory collective consumption to connect local supply chain which is the form of collective consumption, the community can develop its economic concentration by creating social capital that reaches economic scale

34 Third sector: basis of regime theory promoting local development by personal development; eco-developing eco-developing concept can be described as SD which community development is emphasized; by way of society education, community sustainability can be developed human resources are community’s long term planning SD concepts in policy implication

35 The past memory and future imagination are collectively constructed It performs the new interpretation of living and life nowadays in our modern society

36 Thank you 謝 謝

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