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An Introduction. 1. What evidence is presented to “prove” that the woman is a witch? 2. Would this evidence hold up in a court today? 3. What is the purpose.

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Presentation on theme: "An Introduction. 1. What evidence is presented to “prove” that the woman is a witch? 2. Would this evidence hold up in a court today? 3. What is the purpose."— Presentation transcript:

1 An Introduction

2 1. What evidence is presented to “prove” that the woman is a witch? 2. Would this evidence hold up in a court today? 3. What is the purpose of this clip? 4. What does the clip prove about “witch hunts”?

3 Colloquial term for finding a Scapegoat: (One who is the object of irrational hostility)

4 Which of you is a witch?

5  What was your character’s motivation for the answers to the questions?  Did the end result surprise you? Explain.  If you were in your character’s situation what would you have done?

6  Entertainment vs. Intellectualism  Modern Dramatists  Lorraine Hansberry  Arthur Miller  3 Elements of modern drama  Realistic characters  Realistic dialogue  Controversial issues

7  Author of…  Inspired by…

8  McCarthy Hearings  The Threat of Communism “Red Scare”

9  Cold War Develops b/t  Soviet Union and United States  Stand off  Nuclear threats  Italy had a fast growing communist party  1949  Mao Zedong Overthrew US-Supported government in China

10  1950  McCarthy claims Communists had infiltrated department of state  Paranoia spreads  American dream is threatened  McCarthy claims Hollywood is influence by communism and is spreading propaganda  McCarthy’s “Witch Hunt” begins

11  Begin as early as 1480 in Europe as the reformation begins in Europe  MP clip  Involves moral panic, mass hysteria, lack of reason, and lynching  Modern witch hunts are more FIGURATIVE…  Metaphor for political persecution

12  Political persecution of anyone associated with Communism—in actuality or imagined  Film industry workers—subpoenaed to reveal names of the subversive people  Government officials charged  Secretary of the Navy accused of harboring Communist spies  Anyone names suspect was blacklisted  Can’t find work—fate worse than death?

13  All of this inspired Arthur Miller in his writing  Death of a Salesman: Receives a Pulitzer in 1949 Movie version produced American Legion protests Miller asked to sign anti-communist declaration; refuses Columbia produces a short version, changing the message  The Crucible Produced in 1953 Miller becomes the subject of FBI investiations

14  Set during the time of the Salem Witch Trials  Meant to send a message to the world about the Communist Witch Hunts  Based on historical fact  Changed to fit the purpose of the play

15  "The Trial of George Jacobs, August 5, 1692." By T. H. Matteson, Oil painting. © Peabody and Essex Museum

16  What happens when the American dream/cultural lifestyle is threatened?

17  Write 3 interview questions you might ask one of the characters from The Crucible. Consider the events of the first act as you draft your questions  Exchange papers with the person directly in front of you. Answer their questions AS IF you were the character.

18  AND identify at least 3 major changes that Miller made in the play (based on Act I)

19  Identify three major changes and then decide  Why would Miller make these changes in the screen play? (why change the original work)  Audience  Purpose  Mode

20

21  Intrinsic  Extrinsic

22  Intrinsic  Extrinsic

23  To persuade readers to his point of view…  Is it acceptable to use fear & intimidation as a motivator for extrinsic & intrinsic results?  Methods: symbolism, characterization and irony

24  Dramatic Irony: characters think one thing to be true, but the audience knows something else to be true  Verbal Irony: words seem to say one thing but mean something quite different (a lot like sarcasm—used often in satire)

25 Record in your packet Continue reading Act IV—Read by tomorrow!


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