Presentation on theme: "An Introduction. 1. What evidence is presented to “prove” that the woman is a witch? 2. Would this evidence hold up in a court today? 3. What is the purpose."— Presentation transcript:
1. What evidence is presented to “prove” that the woman is a witch? 2. Would this evidence hold up in a court today? 3. What is the purpose of this clip? 4. What does the clip prove about “witch hunts”?
Colloquial term for finding a Scapegoat: (One who is the object of irrational hostility)
Which of you is a witch?
What was your character’s motivation for the answers to the questions? Did the end result surprise you? Explain. If you were in your character’s situation what would you have done?
Entertainment vs. Intellectualism Modern Dramatists Lorraine Hansberry Arthur Miller 3 Elements of modern drama Realistic characters Realistic dialogue Controversial issues
Author of… Inspired by…
McCarthy Hearings The Threat of Communism “Red Scare”
Cold War Develops b/t Soviet Union and United States Stand off Nuclear threats Italy had a fast growing communist party 1949 Mao Zedong Overthrew US-Supported government in China
1950 McCarthy claims Communists had infiltrated department of state Paranoia spreads American dream is threatened McCarthy claims Hollywood is influence by communism and is spreading propaganda McCarthy’s “Witch Hunt” begins
Begin as early as 1480 in Europe as the reformation begins in Europe MP clip Involves moral panic, mass hysteria, lack of reason, and lynching Modern witch hunts are more FIGURATIVE… Metaphor for political persecution
Political persecution of anyone associated with Communism—in actuality or imagined Film industry workers—subpoenaed to reveal names of the subversive people Government officials charged Secretary of the Navy accused of harboring Communist spies Anyone names suspect was blacklisted Can’t find work—fate worse than death?
All of this inspired Arthur Miller in his writing Death of a Salesman: Receives a Pulitzer in 1949 Movie version produced American Legion protests Miller asked to sign anti-communist declaration; refuses Columbia produces a short version, changing the message The Crucible Produced in 1953 Miller becomes the subject of FBI investiations
Set during the time of the Salem Witch Trials Meant to send a message to the world about the Communist Witch Hunts Based on historical fact Changed to fit the purpose of the play
What happens when the American dream/cultural lifestyle is threatened?
Write 3 interview questions you might ask one of the characters from The Crucible. Consider the events of the first act as you draft your questions Exchange papers with the person directly in front of you. Answer their questions AS IF you were the character.
AND identify at least 3 major changes that Miller made in the play (based on Act I)
Identify three major changes and then decide Why would Miller make these changes in the screen play? (why change the original work) Audience Purpose Mode
To persuade readers to his point of view… Is it acceptable to use fear & intimidation as a motivator for extrinsic & intrinsic results? Methods: symbolism, characterization and irony
Dramatic Irony: characters think one thing to be true, but the audience knows something else to be true Verbal Irony: words seem to say one thing but mean something quite different (a lot like sarcasm—used often in satire)
Record in your packet Continue reading Act IV—Read by tomorrow!