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Arthur Miller & The Crucible Individualism and Integrity Unit.

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Presentation on theme: "Arthur Miller & The Crucible Individualism and Integrity Unit."— Presentation transcript:

1 Arthur Miller & The Crucible Individualism and Integrity Unit

2 Arthur Miller: A Life Born on October 17, 1915 Born on October 17, 1915 Attended the University of Michigan from Attended the University of Michigan from Graduated with a degree in journalism Graduated with a degree in journalism Wrote and produced five plays during college career Wrote and produced five plays during college career Married three times Married three times Had two daughters and one son Had two daughters and one son

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5 Miller and HUAC Investigated for possible associations with the Communist party from 1953 to Investigated for possible associations with the Communist party from 1953 to In 1956, he was called to testify before the House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC). In 1956, he was called to testify before the House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC). Claimed only attended Communist meetings in order to advocate social justice and equality. Claimed only attended Communist meetings in order to advocate social justice and equality.

6 Miller and HUAC When brought before the committee, he refused to name any other attendees. When brought before the committee, he refused to name any other attendees. Found guilty of contempt. Found guilty of contempt. Later released. Later released.

7 The Red Scare A time of paranoia and hysteria over Communism. A time of paranoia and hysteria over Communism. Many government officials were involved or accused. Many government officials were involved or accused. Many writers, actors, and directors lost their jobs. Many writers, actors, and directors lost their jobs. Many named names to save their own careers. Many named names to save their own careers.

8 Salem, 1692

9 The Salem Witch Trials In 1692, twenty were executed; 150 were jailed. In 1692, twenty were executed; 150 were jailed. The Puritan culture attributed its hardships to the Devil. The Puritan culture attributed its hardships to the Devil. Several girls in the town began to have seizures and lapses of unconsciousness after seeking Tituba, a slave from Barbados, for fortunetelling. Several girls in the town began to have seizures and lapses of unconsciousness after seeking Tituba, a slave from Barbados, for fortunetelling.

10 The Salem Witch Trials (cont.) Tituba and two elderly women were accused at first; by the end, many of the community’s most prominent citizens were accused. Tituba and two elderly women were accused at first; by the end, many of the community’s most prominent citizens were accused. Overall nineteen were hanged, four accused died in prison, and one was pressed to death. Overall nineteen were hanged, four accused died in prison, and one was pressed to death. In 1706, Ann Putnam signed a letter of apology. In 1706, Ann Putnam signed a letter of apology.

11 Salem Witch Trials Samuel Sewell was the only judge to apologize for actions. Samuel Sewell was the only judge to apologize for actions.

12 Possible Causes Hallucinations from spoiled food Hallucinations from spoiled food Boredom Boredom Strict society Strict society Social cleansing? Social cleansing? Land dispute Land dispute

13 Connections Miller wrote The Crucible as a metaphor for the Red Scare in the 1950’s. Miller wrote The Crucible as a metaphor for the Red Scare in the 1950’s. He felt there was a “witch hunt” within the government and beyond. He felt there was a “witch hunt” within the government and beyond. Like the witch trials, it was easier to admit guilt than maintain innocence. Like the witch trials, it was easier to admit guilt than maintain innocence. The play is widely performed when social unrest is present in a culture. The play is widely performed when social unrest is present in a culture.

14 20 th Century Witch Hunts The Holocaust The Holocaust

15 20 th Century Witch Hunts Japanese-American Internment Camps Japanese-American Internment Camps

16 20 th Century Witch Hunts: Racial Profiling African Americans African Americans Native Americans Native Americans Arab/Middle-Eastern descent Arab/Middle-Eastern descent

17 20 th Century Witch Hunts: Stereotypes Homosexuality Homosexuality AIDS AIDS

18 Closing Thoughts Be aware of false accusations. Be aware of false accusations. Rumors do harm. Rumors do harm. Integrity is key. Integrity is key. Not all things are as they seem. Not all things are as they seem. What does your name mean to you? What does your name mean to you?


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