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The Crucible by Arthur Miller MAJOR THEMES. Hysteria Definition: noun 1. an uncontrollable outburst of emotion or fear, often characterized by irrationality,

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Presentation on theme: "The Crucible by Arthur Miller MAJOR THEMES. Hysteria Definition: noun 1. an uncontrollable outburst of emotion or fear, often characterized by irrationality,"— Presentation transcript:

1 The Crucible by Arthur Miller MAJOR THEMES

2 Hysteria Definition: noun 1. an uncontrollable outburst of emotion or fear, often characterized by irrationality, laughter, weeping, etc. Synonyms: commotion, confusion Examples: – Neighbors suddenly turn on each other and accuse people they have known for YEARS – Community-wide fear overwhelms logic and individual thought and becomes the justifying means – Becomes the means of expressing suppressed anger and resentment (towards others but also towards the strict society of Puritanism) – They BELIEVE the devil is attacking Salem

3 Hysteria Cont. -If Devil is attacking Salem, it becomes a DUTY or righteous act that protects the God you love, to seek out those who support evil/witchcraft

4 Ideology Definition: noun 1. the body of doctrine, myth, belief, etc., that guides an individual, social movement, institution, class, or large group. -Ideology can be DANGERGOUS!! – these ideas DEFINE what Salem thinks!! -Puritans thought that the Devil would do anything to destroy them -religion ran the government; government actions were seen as “good” -anyone who even ATTEMPTED to question or obstruct government actions was seen as trying to overthrow God

5 Ideology Cont. Governments that followed rigid ideologies = corruption and tyranny Ex) Gov. Danforth and Judge Hathorne – Never believe they are wrong- never assess their believes – Easy targets for liars, like Abby – Court is narrow-minded; easily taken advantage b/c they only have ONE view

6 Reputation & Integrity Reputation: – noun 1. the estimation in which a person or thing is held, especially by the community or the public generally; repute: a man of good reputation.whichcommunityrepute – The way people receive you

7 Reputation & Integrity Cont. Integrity – noun 1. adherence to moral and ethical principles; soundness of moral character; honesty. – Virtue *In Crucible- reputation or integrity? -Parris, Abby, others, choose reputation -Rebecca, Proctor choose integrity

8 Bad Reputation= social or even physical punishment Those who protect reputation are DANGEROUS- they allow harm to others and fuel hysteria Those who favor integrity by admitting mistakes and refusing to lie- DEFY hysteria-stop the fear that feeds hysteria

9 Act 1- Hysteria Parris’ house because of Betty’s actions-hysteria begins Rumors of witchcraft become BELIEF in witchcraft- works upon irrational fear Betty and Ruth’s actions Both Putnams WANT witchcraft to exist Betty’s crying out when psalms are sung Witchcraft brings on resentments in Salem- impact characters’ actions as hysteria grows Hysteria is powerful- those who are ‘voices of reason’ cannot stop it Tituba’s accusations of Goody Osburn fuels Mrs. Putnam’s hysteria (Osburn was midwife) Vicious cycle of hysteria continues as Abigail and Betty shout out accusations

10 Act 1- Ideology Bringing Hale into the mix- calling him is dangerous- once religion is involved things escalate Hale is a minister, yet views his beliefs in witchcraft as almost ‘doctor-like’ – these facts help make him unbias When Tituba denies witchcraft, religious officials see it as LIES- they encourage her to admit to false witchcraft Hale believes the girls immediately

11 Act 1- Reputation & Ideology Parris and Abby want to protect reputations. P- wants no one to know what is going on with Betty A- warning girls NOT to mention what happened in forest Abigail lies to Parris about woods- making herself look good and innocent Abigail lies to Parris about losing Proctor’s Putnams have strong influence on Parris because of their reputation Betty and Ruth act sick to save their reputations Abigail lies about Tituba and Ruth conjuring spirits All the girls try to save face- Abby forces them to lie Proctor is HONEST- knows he is immoral and is self-loathing Accusations against neighbors to try and make self look ‘good’ Putnam and Nurse hatred comes out because of witchcraft accusations

12 R & I Cont. Abby denied witchcraft until Hale mentions there is- she switches stories Tituba tries to save first- denies witchcraft Tituba admits to save herself and reputation Betty and Abigail accuse several girls- continue to save themselves

13 Act 2- Hysteria Hysteria grips town- even authorities- even Proctor has to admit hysteria is present Hysteria encourages confessions of NON-EXISTENT witchcraft Hysteria changes peoples’ perceptions of reality- Mary Warren now believes witchcraft exists Mary gains power from the hysteria surrounding Salem Hysteria provides forum expressing suppressed grievances Mary’s end of Act may be stronger than her integrity- possible disaster ahead

14 Act 2- Ideology Hale has integrity- NOT comfortable with the court situation-wants EVIDENCE, not accusations Puritans -God is on their side, cannot make mistakes Ministers =good and wise Disagree with church- go against God Proctor goes against Hale- Hale ignores his plea; inability to question themselves (religious officials) Hale believes court is blessed by God- court will find truth Court has no need for evidence- God runs it, judgments will be just and correct! Hale thinks courts arrival in Salem is God’s will

15 Act 2- Reputation & Integrity Proctor and Elizabeth’s marital situation Proctor resists going to court to protect reputation Proctor’s anger over affair- concern for rep. and int. Hale- integrity in searching for evidence Puritans attack each other- against God: evil, agree God: righteous Proctor takes stand against oppressive society- rips up warrant Proctor STOPS protecting rep.- is going to court


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