4Opportunities for Intergovernmental Relations Cooperation versus CollaborationCooperation is a passive decision to interact or comply - compliance with mandatesCollaboration is an active determination to interact - decision to enter into 28E agreement
5Opportunities for Intergovernmental Relations Regulations and MandatesLegislative BranchExecutive Branch – Administrative AgenciesJudicial Branch
6Opportunities for Intergovernmental Relations Regulations and MandatesLegislative Branch - IPERSExecutive Branch – City Budget FormsJudicial Branch – Franchise fee decision
7Opportunities for Intergovernmental Relations Reality- complex interaction of many playersCongress passed the Clean Water ActEnvironmental Protection Agency (EPA) was directed to promulgate rules directed at state environmental agenciesIowa Department of Natural Resources (IDNR) determines rules in Iowa based on EPA guidance, legislative policy and state-level administrative rulesEnvironmental groups seek court interpretation of CWA with direction to EPA which is then imparted to IDNR
8Reasons to Collaborate with Other Local Governments Effective Delivery of ServicesImprove existing service deliveryMaintain service levelsRetain service levels – survivalObtain specialized servicesComply with federal & state mandates
9Reasons to Collaborate with Other Local Governments Efficiency of Services DeliveryReduce costsMaintain costsMitigate increasing costsEnhance managerial capacityHire and retain quality workforce
10Reasons to Collaborate with Other Local Governments Forces pushing for regionalization and service sharingFederal government – i.e. Homeland SecurityState Government – i.e. Flood Plain ManagementEconomic Forces
11Reasons to Collaborate with Other Local Governments Collaboration and Public NetworksCities determine whether or not to pursue collaborative projectsCities, along with other governmental entities and non-governmental organizational entities, operate in a network or a web of relationsCity may collaborate as trade-off for future benefits on other projects.Various models of collaborative management
12Models of Collaborative Management ActiveJurisdiction-basedDonor-recipientCollaborative ActivityTop-downReactiveContentedAbstinenceInactivePassiveOpportunisticCollaborative Strategy
13Challenges to Intergovernmental Collaboration Need to develop a joint understanding of the problemProblems addressed through collaboration do not need to be identical for each partnerCollaboration does need to provide some kind of benefit to parties involvedBenefits can be actual or perceived
14Challenges to Intergovernmental Collaboration Need to develop a joint understanding of the possible solutionIdentification of problem is first part of equationCollaborative solution needs to satisfy the parties involved in the manner they expect
15Challenges to Intergovernmental Collaboration Negotiate an agreement to share responsibilities and costsRole of the written agreement is to memorialize the determination of the partners’ responsibilities and costsSee Attachment B – 28E Agreement ChecklistSee also the 28E website - https://www.sos.state.ia.us/28E
16Challenges to Intergovernmental Collaboration Determine a management structureThis is vital if the collaboration creates a governmental entityThe structure needs to addressGovernanceFinancial obligationsLiability issuesTermination procedures
17Challenges to Intergovernmental Collaboration Bring other interests into the agreementIntergovernmental collaboration has impacts beyond policy makersStaff is impacted by change in operationsOperational culture of collaborating organizations can have impactAgreements impact citizens – agreement may make perfect sense to everyone but the citizen
18Challenges to Intergovernmental Collaboration Agree to methods of evaluationHow do you know that the collaborative arrangement is working?Are there measurements of success or expected outcomes?
19Challenges to Intergovernmental Collaboration Agree to address changes which may occur over time.Determine an “exit strategy”
20Unique area of Intergovernmental Relations Participation in legislative and regulatory processWho represents city interests?Iowa League of CitiesSome cities have their own city lobbyistsSome cities are part of regional groups – such as NW Iowa League, MAC, Metro Coalition, etc…Variety of intergovernmental groups represent some aspects of cities issuesOther Groups - Chamber of CommerceCities have their own lobbyists – Des Moines, WDM, Cedar Rapids, Coralville, Iowa City, etc.Business – ABI, PDI, etc.
21League of Cities – Legislative/Regulatory One staff lobbyist – Dustin MillerFiscal Analyst – Erin MullenixLegal Counsel – Terry Timmins & Bruce BergmanOne contract lobbyist – Jessica Harder
22League Legislative Team: What do we do Track all Legislation and Amendments and review to determine impact on citiesAttend meetings to represent interests of citiesWork to form alliances and cooperate with ALL interests who share the same position on an issueex. Open Meetings/Records, Competitive Bid Issues - Counties, Schools, Regents, Hospitals, Rural Water, Municipal UtilitiesIn the off-season, right now, we are working on our own legislative agenda – to do this we consult first with the membership and then with other groups to find out what types of legislation they will be working on
23Iowa Legislative process: Current Political Makeup House of Representatives53 Republicans47 DemocratsSenate26 Democrats24 RepublicansGovernor Terry Branstad (R)Cities have their own lobbyists – Des Moines, WDM, Cedar Rapids, Coralville, Iowa City, etc.Business – ABI, PDI, etc.
24Iowa Legislative Process How A Bill Becomes A Law - Flow chart makes it sound SO logical – a bill goes from here to thereIts very hard to pass a bill and VERY few bills are passed each year – many proposals have to be introduced for many, many years in order to be passed. Ex: took the city of DSM ten years to increase their parking ticket fees from $10 to $15.
25Iowa Legislative Process: Reality Very few bills actually become law – 2009 session – 2,043 bills were introduced, but ONLY 184 were actually passed.That means that only 9% of the bills that were introduced were actually passed and became law %Of those bills, 12 were appropriations-related legislation that pass every session. So, if you eliminate those % of other legislative ideas actually passed.Amendments are an important part of the process – 3,193 were drafted and 1,149 were filedIts very hard to pass a bill and VERY few bills are passed each year – many proposals have to be introduced for many, many years in order to be passed. Ex: took the city of DSM ten years to increase their parking ticket fees from $10 to $15.
26Iowa Legislative Process: Difficulty of Passing a Bill The system we operate within is set up so that bills DON’T passIt is much easier to kill a bill than to pass oneAt every step along the way there are obstacles, both overt and hiddenKey is to have a legislative champion to work on the inside to support the issue and to have a STRONG collaborative group working for passage and to KNOW the process.
27Iowa Legislative Process: Citizen Legislators Part-timeVaried backgrounds3+ month time period with 100s of billsCommittee assignmentsCommittee staff
28Iowa Legislative Process: How A Bill Becomes A Law First a bill must be sponsored by a Legislator or CommitteeDrafted by nonpartisan Legislative Services AgencyFiled by legislator as a H.F./S.F. or HSB/SSBAssigned a SubcommitteeSubcommittee HearingPass Subcommittee – 3/5/7 members – apptd by ChairBrought up and pass Committee – usually 21 members in House and 15 in Senate – need majority of Committee to pass a bill, only a majority of those present to pass an amendmentA bill can be proposed by an individual legislator, or sponsored by a legislative committee of the House or Senate, for example the Local Government committee.The party in power – the majority leader, committee chair – decide what bills will get a subcommittee. If they pass out of a subcommittee, usually three people (two of the party in power and one of the minority party) then they go to the full committee for consideration.
29Iowa Legislative Process: How A Bill Becomes A Law Pass floor – must be placed on debate calendar and receive Constitutional majority to passneed 26 in the Senate and 51 in the House - don’t need 150 peopleamendments need a majority of those presentMessage to other Chamber and do it all againConference Committee
30ObstaclesAt every step along this route, there are obstacles to overcome and hidden ways in which a bill can die – there is so much process to the processBack rooms and closed discussions – say one thing and do anotherNot all legislators have same ability, cloutSchedule and rules – funnelsDrafted wrongPoison Pill Amendment
31Iowa Legislative Process Its very hard to pass a bill and VERY few bills are passed each year – many proposals have to be introduced for many, many years in order to be passed. Ex: took the city of DSM ten years to increase their parking ticket fees from $10 to $15.
32How can YOU work collaboratively with us? Stay Informed – weekly Legislative Link and Action CallsAttend legislative meetings sponsored by League or other groups to keep you updatedAttend forums with your legislators – ask questionsDevelop a relationship with your legislators NOW – they are elected to serve the public and cities are an important constituency for themIf there is someone you think would be good – help them get elected – yard signs, host a fundraiser, $$Talk about the fiscal conditions survey and regional meetings
33Senator for Newton Dennis Black (D) Standing Committee Assignments AgricultureAppropriationsNatural Resources and Environment (Vice Chair)Veterans AffairsWays and MeansTime in LegislatureSenator Since 1995 Rep from 1983 to 1995Its very hard to pass a bill and VERY few bills are passed each year – many proposals have to be introduced for many, many years in order to be passed. Ex: took the city of DSM ten years to increase their parking ticket fees from $10 to $15.BackgroundRetired conservationist. Resides in Grinnell. Received B.S. in forest management and M.S. in natural resource economics from Utah State University. Member of Izaak Walton League, Iowa Sister State Taiwan Committee, Jasper Community Foundation Board of Directors. Same barber as Dustin Miller.
34Representative for Newton Dan Kelley (D)Standing Committee AssignmentsAgricultureEnvironmental ProtectionWays and MeansTime in LegislatureMember Since 2011BackgroundProfession: Realtor, owner and operator of Dan Kelley D. J. Service. Education: Received B.A. with honors in communications studies from the University of Iowa. Memberships and Activities: Served as president of Newton Board of realtors; 2007 Newton Board of Realtors; executive board of directors, Newton Housing and Development Corporation; Board member Newton Chamber of Commerce. Birth and Residence: Born in 1970 in Marshalltown. Raised and resides in Newton.Its very hard to pass a bill and VERY few bills are passed each year – many proposals have to be introduced for many, many years in order to be passed. Ex: took the city of DSM ten years to increase their parking ticket fees from $10 to $15.
35Senators for Urbandale Jake Chapman (R)Standing Committee AssignmentsCommerceEconomic Growth (Ranking Member)Labor and Business RelationsState GovernmentWays and MeansIts very hard to pass a bill and VERY few bills are passed each year – many proposals have to be introduced for many, many years in order to be passed. Ex: took the city of DSM ten years to increase their parking ticket fees from $10 to $15.Brad Zaun (R)Standing Committee AssignmentsEducationJudiciaryLocal Government
36Representatives for Urbandale John Forbes (D)Standing Committee AssignmentsCommerceLocal GovernmentTransportationWays and MeansJake Highfill (R)Standing Committee AssignmentsAppropriationsLocal GovernmentNatural ResourcesState Government (Vice Chair)Its very hard to pass a bill and VERY few bills are passed each year – many proposals have to be introduced for many, many years in order to be passed. Ex: took the city of DSM ten years to increase their parking ticket fees from $10 to $15.Ralph Watts (R)Standing Committee AssignmentsAppropriationsCommerceLaborState Government
37COMMUNICATEMost important thing you can do during session is communicate with us to let us know what you are hearing in your communityDustin Miller(515)