Presentation on theme: "W ARM U P : S ALEM W ITCH T RIALS R EVIEW What were the Salem Witch Trials? Why did they occur? What do historians suggest were the TWO primary causes."— Presentation transcript:
W ARM U P : S ALEM W ITCH T RIALS R EVIEW What were the Salem Witch Trials? Why did they occur? What do historians suggest were the TWO primary causes of the Salem Witch Trials? Who is William Stoughton, and why is he blamed for the number of deaths/guilty verdicts during the Salem Witch Trials? Who finally put an end to the Salem Witch Trials?
A RTHUR M ILLER ’ S, T HE C RUCIBLE
A RTHUR M ILLER Known as an American playwright Associated with chronicling plight of people pitted against powerful social forces Death of a Salesman (1949)-modern American tragedy The Crucible (1953)
S OCIAL I NFLUENCE The Crucible was used as a means of attaching the anti- communist “witch hunts” in Congress of the 1950s Paralleled hysteria surrounding witchcraft trials in Puritan New England with Senator McCarthy’s quest to uncover Communist infiltrators in USA Ironically, two years following publication, Miller was investigated for possible associations with Communism 1956: testified before House Committee on Un-American Activities Found guilty for contempt of court; sentence overturned
D RAMATIC E XPOSITION & C HARACTER M OTIVES Dramatic Exposition conveys critical information about a play’s settings, props, characters, and even historical or social context which the director must interpret on stage. In The Crucible, Miller interjects prose to help you enter the world of the play Character Motives are the reasons a character behaves as they do. Fear Greed Guilt Love Loyalty Revenge
M INI -B IO : A RTHUR M ILLER Arthur Miller & Major Works