Presentation on theme: "Focus Activity On your own sheet of paper, write a definition of a “witch hunt.” Based on yesterday’s film and your own prior knowledge, what is a “witch."— Presentation transcript:
1Focus ActivityOn your own sheet of paper, write a definition of a “witch hunt.” Based on yesterday’s film and your own prior knowledge, what is a “witch hunt?” Can you think of any examples in today’s society?
2The Crucible by Arthur Miller “The balance has yet to be struck between order and freedom.”This is a historical play (based on real events from 1692).“Crucible” means “a severe test or trial”
3About the AuthorArthur Miller ( ) was a famous American playwright who was born & raised in New YorkHis most famous works are:*The Crucible*Death of a Salesman
4Setting of The Crucible Play is based on Salem Witch Trials of 169219 innocent people were hanged based on false accusations of witchcraft4 people died in prison; one was pressed to deathPuritans were in control of the Salem community & they expected complete conformity
5Setting of The Crucible cont…. Mass hysteria in Salem fueled the witch hunts (fear of “evil”)Greed also motivated some accusers
6When and why was the play written? The Crucible is largely a political commentaryWritten during the Cold War, it expresses Arthur Miller’s view on the “witch hunts” of Joseph McCarthy.America was afraid of communism (Russia) during the cold war.There was a climate of suspicion in America. Everyone was afraid of communist spies in our government.
7McCarthy’s BlacklistSenator Joseph McCarthy falsely accused university professors, writers, government employees, military members, and film producers/actors of communist involvement.Put 205 people who worked for the government on a “Blacklist” without any evidence.McCarthy hearings ( ) were televised.McCarthy asked “Are you now or were you ever a Communist?”
8Timing of the Play The Crucible was produced in 1953. Miller was called before the Congressional hearings on Communism in 1956 and was found in contempt of court for his refusal to tell the names of people he had seen at Communist Party meetingsThe play was not successful at first, but is now Miller’s most frequently produced play
9A Timeless TaleWhy should we try to find balance between order and freedom?Order = laws that help society maintain stabilityFreedom = the ability to pursue “what you want” (being able to do what you want to do)Are Americans willing to give up certain freedoms because of their own fear of something?
10The Crucible—Act 1Prose, non-dialogue sections of the play are called expository asides. This is a common literary device Miller used to give extensive comment on the actions of the play and to add further dimension to the characters of the play.
11Themes of The Crucible Authority Hypocrisy Samuel ParrisThomas PutnamJohn HaleHypocrisy1. John Proctor hates it, yet he is a sinner2. Thomas & Ann Putnam claim they are doing God’s work finding witches, but they’re really motivated by greed and revenge.Guilt1. John Proctor/Abigail2. Girl’s involvement with TitubaHysteria
12How can people deal with sin and guilt today How can people deal with sin and guilt today? How to the characters of the Crucible deal with it? Is John Proctor a hypocrite? Why or why not?In what ways can appearances misrepresent reality? What are some specific examples from the Crucible?How does a person truly have or gain authority? What qualities should a person have to be in a position of authority?
13Be aware of the Archaic Language in the play Use of double negatives (“We’re not going to no church meeting.”)Lack of agreement between subjects/verbs (“She were going to town.” instead of “She was…”)Use of titles like “Goodwife” and “Goody” for women
14AuthorityWrite one-two paragraphs explaining your views on the issue of authority. What constitutes true authority? What can a person be/do to gain authority? What is the proper use of authority? Have you ever known someone who abused his/her authority? (15 minutes)Discuss this issue, responding to each of these questions and sharing your views in your discussion group (10 minutes).
15Crucible Vocab. Quaking—shivering; shaking; quivering with fear Faction—a clique; secret group or partyAbominations—hateful or disgusting actionsDissembling—pretending; lying or obscuring the truth on purposeGibberish—nonsense; mumbling
16Trepidation: fear; apprehension Propriety: socially correct behaviorDeference: great respectInert: motionlessConjure: use a charm to call or summon spiritsAbyss: a bottomless pit of ruinLicentious: immoral (usually sexually immoral)