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The Crucible Written by Arthur Miller In 1952 Miller’s biography Born in New York City in 1915 Born in New York City in 1915 Dad- owned garment factory.

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Presentation on theme: "The Crucible Written by Arthur Miller In 1952 Miller’s biography Born in New York City in 1915 Born in New York City in 1915 Dad- owned garment factory."— Presentation transcript:

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2 The Crucible Written by Arthur Miller In 1952

3 Miller’s biography Born in New York City in 1915 Born in New York City in 1915 Dad- owned garment factory Dad- owned garment factory Mom- schoolteacher Mom- schoolteacher Arthur involved in high school sports, not academics Arthur involved in high school sports, not academics

4 Applied to U. Of Michigan (grades not good enough) Applied to U. Of Michigan (grades not good enough) Took a job for two years working in an automotive parts plant… he read War and Peace during this time period Took a job for two years working in an automotive parts plant… he read War and Peace during this time period Enrolled in U. of Michigan and worked different part-time jobs Enrolled in U. of Michigan and worked different part-time jobs After college graduation, he wrote radio scripts After college graduation, he wrote radio scripts First Broadway success- All My Sons-- play portrayed the impact on a family of American participation in World War II. Miller was attacked as unpatriotic. He said that he was just telling the truth. First Broadway success- All My Sons-- play portrayed the impact on a family of American participation in World War II. Miller was attacked as unpatriotic. He said that he was just telling the truth. After Death of a Salesman, he was considered to be a great American playwright After Death of a Salesman, he was considered to be a great American playwright

5 The Crucible was a play produced in 1953 The Crucible was a play produced in 1953 The play centered on a witch-hunt that took place in 1692 in Salem, Massachusetts The play centered on a witch-hunt that took place in 1692 in Salem, Massachusetts Miller parallels the 1692 witch-hunt with the “Red Hunt” of the 1950’s being conducted in Washington, DC by Senator Joseph McCarthy (from Wisconsin) Miller parallels the 1692 witch-hunt with the “Red Hunt” of the 1950’s being conducted in Washington, DC by Senator Joseph McCarthy (from Wisconsin) “Witch-hunt” was a term used “Witch-hunt” was a term used to refer to un-American to refer to un-American activities activities

6 McCarthyism McCarthy elected in by 1951, he succeeded in arousing terror among leftists and intellectuals by asserting that those hostile to our way of life had attempted systematically to obtain key positions in government and in industries such as entertainment in order to subvert our system. McCarthy elected in by 1951, he succeeded in arousing terror among leftists and intellectuals by asserting that those hostile to our way of life had attempted systematically to obtain key positions in government and in industries such as entertainment in order to subvert our system. Writers, actors, politicians– and others– were summoned to appear before McCarthy to answer the question: Writers, actors, politicians– and others– were summoned to appear before McCarthy to answer the question:

7 “ Are you now or were you ever a Communist?”

8 Uh- Oh… Arthur Miller’s liberal views caught him in the McCarthy anti-communist witch-hunt. Arthur Miller’s liberal views caught him in the McCarthy anti-communist witch-hunt. He testified before a congressional committee, refusing to name friends and colleagues who might have been communists and was held in contempt. He testified before a congressional committee, refusing to name friends and colleagues who might have been communists and was held in contempt.

9 Success of The Crucible Not successful in its first run Not successful in its first run Critics questioned the comparison between the old witch-hunts and the contemporary hunt for Communists (an allegory) Critics questioned the comparison between the old witch-hunts and the contemporary hunt for Communists (an allegory) In a later production, the play ran for over 600 performances In a later production, the play ran for over 600 performances It is now Miller’s most produced play It is now Miller’s most produced play

10 Married Marilyn Monroe in 1956 Married Marilyn Monroe in 1956 They divorced in 1961 They divorced in 1961 Miller later married the renowned photographer Inge Morath Miller later married the renowned photographer Inge Morath In later years Arthur Miller went out of fashion in America. He complained that writers there were treated as entertainers, not moralists, and railed against what he regarded the hollow commercialism of Broadway. In later years Arthur Miller went out of fashion in America. He complained that writers there were treated as entertainers, not moralists, and railed against what he regarded the hollow commercialism of Broadway. "I do think that most things end badly," he said. "Most human enterprise disappoints." "I do think that most things end badly," he said. "Most human enterprise disappoints." He continued to provoke his audience into questioning society and authority. He continued to provoke his audience into questioning society and authority.


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