Presentation on theme: "By Arthur Miller. About Arthur Miller (relevant author background) Born and raised in NYC in 1915--- Depression and major financial losses caused family."— Presentation transcript:
by Arthur Miller
About Arthur Miller (relevant author background) Born and raised in NYC in Depression and major financial losses caused family to have to relocate from Manhattan to Brooklyn High school dropout Convinced U of Michigan to accept him w/o a diploma where he honed writing skills
Most of Miller’s plays focus on the dilemma of common people pitted against powerful and unyielding social forces
Famous works All My Sons –Actions in WWII bring about end of man’s family Death of a Salesman –Excessive focus on material success The Crucible –Inspired by hysteria created by political climate of McCarthyism (communist infiltration of US institutions) The Misfits –Screenplay; featured Marilyn Monroe…HIS WIFE
Historical Context (connections to history) Puritans of 1600s Salem Witchcraft Trials America in 1950s McCarthyism
Puritanism & Theocracy No separation between the church and state. Religion is the LAW Those who violate religious rules are persecuted and could be prosecuted
The McCarthy Era Began in 1950 out of growing fears that Communism was spreading Senator Joseph McCarthy charged that the State Department had been infiltrated by more than 200 communists Created an atmosphere of fear and suspicion throughout the ENTIRE U.S.
Where’s the evidence? Even though there was no evidence of his accusations found, McCarthy refused to retract his statements Instead he went on radio and TV to further his claims that some governmental officials were engaged in subversive activities Here’s the catch…he was a Republican & Democrats controlled the Senate in 1950
HUAC House Un-American Activities Committee In 1952, Rep. gain control of Senate and appoint McCarthy chairman of a permanent investigation committee Interrogated people publicly, revealing their private lives Committee demanded to know the names of those involved in communist activities or even those who agreed remotely with communist ideas
No concrete evidence was ever found but the ramifications were horrible. Hollywood Ten (Blacklist) –Click here to read article related to Hollywood CensorshipClick here Many government officials lost their jobs and the nation was in a near state of hysteria
Miller was called before the House Committee on Un-American Activities, and convicted of contempt of Congress for not cooperating
Can you think of modern day hysteria created by some accusations that may have not been true? Who was affected? How so? What were the results? Has there been lasting impact?
As we read The Crucible Look for ways this story is like the McCarthy Era Think about the main theme Miller is trying to state Symbols in the text