Presentation on theme: "Chapter 9 The Americas: A Separate World Study Guide"— Presentation transcript:
1Chapter 9 The Americas: A Separate World Study Guide
2Chapter 9, Lesson 1How did the first people of the Americas support themselves?Define Beringia. What 2 continents did it connect?Define maize.Reason most archaeologists think the first people crossed BeringiaEffects of agriculture on early societiesName of present-day land archaeologists believe first Americans built an advanced civilization
3Chapter 9, Lesson 2Location of Mesoamerica; advantage of its geographyWhat are the 2 Mesoamerican civilizations?Importance of Monte AlbánCivilization that lived in the Oaxaca ValleyCivilization known for sculpting monumental heads from stoneImportant aspects of Olmec civilization; importance of trade for them
4Chapter 9, Lesson 2 (continued) Where have archaeologists obtained most information about Olmecs?What was the Great Pyramid of La Venta?Define “mother culture”
5Chapter 9, Lesson 3According to archaeologists, what role did Chavín sites play in their culture?Where were the first advanced civilizations in South America established?Where were the Nazca lines created?What formed the basis of Chavín influence over other early American cultures?What have archaeologists learned about the Moche civilization?
6Chapter 9, Lesson 3How were the Nazca able to farm the land they lived on?What did the first inhabitants of South America rely on for their survival?Which civilization(s) created the ancient irrigation systems in the Andes?Why was the Chavín civilization important to Peru?Which civilization was the “mother culture” for South America?
7Extended Response Questions Choose one of the ancient American civilizations. What were its main characteristics and accomplishments?Think about:Its government and relationshipsIts buildings and citiesIts learning and artWhat were some of the chief threats to the survival of ancient American peoples?Interaction with natureEnvironmental conditionsOther civilizations
8Extended Response Questions What role did art serve for the ancient peoples of the Americas?Think about:Art as symbolsArt as jewelryArt as a trade goodWhat were some of the achievements of the ancient civilizations of the Americas, and how did these achievements influence later civilizations?Type of organizationUrban centersArt and religious symbols
9Extended Response Questions How were the Chavín and the Olmec alike and different? Discuss them in terms of their civilizations and their influence on their regions.Where in the Americas did the first American civilizations develop? Why might that have been a good place for a civilization to flourish? Support your answer with details from the text.