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General Essay Review I.Parts of Essay A.Introduction 1.Opening Remarks--Attention Getter 2.Thesis (main idea) B.Body 1.Support of the essay 2.This can.

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Presentation on theme: "General Essay Review I.Parts of Essay A.Introduction 1.Opening Remarks--Attention Getter 2.Thesis (main idea) B.Body 1.Support of the essay 2.This can."— Presentation transcript:

1 General Essay Review I.Parts of Essay A.Introduction 1.Opening Remarks--Attention Getter 2.Thesis (main idea) B.Body 1.Support of the essay 2.This can be composed of multiple paragraphs C.Conclusion 1.Concluding statement 2.Closing Remarks--Attention Getter Writing process Know your assignment (journalistic questions) Prewrite Observe your subject Brainstorm, cluster, etc. Divine TS, order of support First draft Revise Proof/edit Final draft


3 Exemplification Use examples to prove a main point Questions ask writer to “illustrate” or “provide examples” Example: Discuss the worst job you ever had, including specific examples to support your essay.

4 Coherency Logical order Paragraphs: Weakest/least important point to strongest/most important point Within paragraphs: weakest example to strongest example

5 Essay Outline Introduction—attention getter and thesis Body Support Paragraph 1 Topic Sentence presenting first main point Provide specific example(s) Support Paragraph 2 Topic Sentence presenting second main point Provide specific example(s) Support Paragraph 3 Topic sentence presenting third main point Provide specific example(s) Conclusion Reinforce main idea in thesis Summarize body/restate topic sentences End on attention getter

6 Chapter 14A Sample Essay Support Paragraph 1 Main point: Extreme sports are dangerous Examples used: snowboarding & skateboarding falls; rock climbing, bungee jumping, sky diving performed at high altitudes; bungee cord tangling Support Paragraph 2 Main point: Extreme sports are difficult Examples used: surfing in wind/waves; bungee jumping using difficult stunts; BMX racing requires control over vehicle on mud Support Paragraph 3 Main point: Extreme sports require special equipment Example used: surfers need surfboards (long or short), wax, wetsuits


8 Descriptive Essays—Purpose To describe a person, situation, place, thing, animal, emotion, experience, etc. Writers create a dominant impression in the reader’s mind Painting a picture—show, don’t just tell

9 Creating an Image “I am tired.” vs. “As I lounge in my blue recliner, covered by my favorite Steelers' fleece blanket, my eyelids become heavy, and the paperback in my hands appears fuzzy as I drift lightly to sleep.”

10 Types of Description Appealing to the senses Describe, without flourish, what you see, taste, smell, hear, and touch Details that create a more literal image of what you are describing Example: The woman had light brown hair and blue eyes and wore a green shirt. Conveying your attitude and feelings with sensory detail Can involve using figures of speech (non-literal, or figurative, images) Simile, metaphor, personification. Example: The woman, with hair the color of hay and eyes that shown like sparkling blue sapphire, wore a shirt as green as the grassy fields of Ireland. Objective DescriptionSubjective Description

11 Focus on What Senses Perceive Taste Touch Hearing Smell Sight

12 Prewriting for Description Observe the subject Write down associated nouns, etc.  write words to describe the nouns Example: subject = pizza Cheese—bubbly, oozing mozzarella Sauce—red, tangy, tomato-flavored, speckled with parsley Crust—golden brown, crunchy, thin, thick Pepperoni (and/or other toppings)—spicy, sparsely covering pizza or blanketing the pizza Hot—mouth-watering, steaming

13 Prewriting: Questions to Consider What overall impression are you trying to make? Essay needs a purpose What additional information do you associate with the topic? What are/were you thinking when around the subject? What were you feeling?

14 Prewriting: Organize Essay’s Points Spatial order Follow clear path—top to bottom, left to right Focus on a specific area End on strongest detail Most important sensory characteristic Anecdote—see sample essay in 14C

15 Outlining I.Introduction A.Attention Getter B.Thesis (identify the subject and your emotion) II.Body A.Describe first section (i.e., eyes, mouth, etc.) B.Describe second section (i.e., hair, skin, etc.) C.Describe third area or present anecdote (i.e., physical build, voice, etc.) III.Conclusion A.Concluding statement reiterate main idea B.Review descriptive points C.Attention getter

16 Writing Tips Be concise and choosy Language = relevant, descriptive R E M E M B E R… Don’t just tell…SHOW! Words like “lovely,” “ugly,” “beautiful,” etc., are vague, non- descriptive Give details to explain why something is beautiful, ugly, etc.

17 Journal--Descriptive Practice Think of a scene from a TV show or movie and imagine yourself as the writer for this scene. Describe… the physical location Where does this take place? What do you see here? the characters in the scene What are their names, job titles, and general background stories What do they look like?


19 Process Purpose Two types Explanation To show how something is done without expecting reader to perform the process Present tense Task is repeated, runs in cycles Past tense Task not repeated Instruction To show how to do something Write in commands Present tense

20 Process Essay Introductions Can start in various ways Start with short story Example: When I was planning the budget for my wedding, I had a limited amount of money to work with. I needed to reserve most of the money for the reception—mainly, food and decorations. Therefore, when it came to the music, I had a very small amount of money to spare—about $150. Most disc jockeys charged much more than this, so I found an alternative: downloading the songs I wanted from the Internet and putting them in order on my own playlist. Start with a question Example: What is the best way to create one’s own playlist that includes various artists to entertain guests at a party? (follow with supporting sentences)

21 Thesis in Process Essay Introduction Need a main point How doing something is fun, easy, timesaving, money-saving, etc. How a process is complex and involves several key steps to be carried out successfully Example (after narrative) From my experience in serving as my own wedding DJ, I learned that downloading music and arranging a playlist was easy and inexpensive.

22 Support Paragraphs in Process Essay Each support paragraph should have… Topic Sentence introducing a step or group of related steps Support Reminders and warnings related to steps and/or why this step or group of steps is important Concluding statement

23 Support in Sample Essay (206) Step(s) 1: Reserve a spot; get a helper Step(s) 2: sort through items Extra details about how to do this Step(s) 3: price the items Extra details about challenges and lessons learned from this Step(s) 4: pack items Extra details about how to do this Step(s) 5: set up tables; change from bank; collect bags, newspapers Step(s) 6: go to flea market and set up Extra details about setup Step(s) 7: sell the items Extra details and examples about past experience with this Step(s) 8: count money; pack up; leave

24 Conclusion in Process Essay Concluding statement Restates main idea Example: On the day of my wedding, the music played, from the wedding ceremony to the reception, carried a lot of meaning—and very little financial burden—for me because I knew it was a compilation of my creation. Closing remarks Summary of steps Attention-getting

25 Process Essay Tips Keep steps in clear order Remember to be consistent in… Voice Person Verb tense Instructions in present tense Explanations can be past or present Rarely use future tense b/c explaining what you did (past) or what someone is doing as they follow along (present)

26 Transitions in Process Essays Use transitions… Between steps in paragraphs Between body paragraphs Incorporate in TS Include words that incorporates previous paragraph with next paragraph Examples of words to use: First, The next steps, The last step(s) Page 205

27 In-class Response Descriptive Essay You will describe a person or place or thing Focus on physical attributes, distinctive qualities of voice Focus on personality (display through an anecdote?) Use subjective and objective description Thursday, June 24 1 hour, 15 minutes (first half of class) Break from 6:15-6:20 Peer review (narrative essay), discuss Chapt. 24 to finish class

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