Presentation on theme: "Salutary Neglect Hannah Conwell. Salutary Neglect is the unofficial British policy of lenient or lax enforcement of parliamentary laws regarding the."— Presentation transcript:
Salutary Neglect is the unofficial British policy of lenient or lax enforcement of parliamentary laws regarding the American colonies during the 1600s and 1700s. The term “salutary neglect” comes from Edmund Burke’s ‘Speech for Conciliation with the Colonies’ given in the House of Commons on March 22, 1775.
Salutary neglect occurred in three different time periods. 1607-1696, 1696-1707, and 1763-1775. 1775 17631707 16961607 1700 1750 1650 Salutary Neglect was a large supplying factor that led to the American Revolutionary War.
The colonists were left to govern themselves, since the authority did not cause others to recognize the power it had. The colonies eventually became accustomed to the idea of self-control. Self-control Parliament Parliament was more concerned with satisfying wealthy merchants who help them get elected. England’s attention was elsewhere during this time period. It was Parliament’s act of responsibility to take control of the colonies, but it was far down the list of things to do.
TRADE Trade between the American colonists and other nations was strictly forbidden. Colonists were only allowed to trade with England, Scotland, and Ireland. Salutary neglect made it so that Great Britain would turn away from the illegal trade pursuit. LOBBYISTS Most people in American knew nothing about these colonies, and what they did know came from lobbyists. Lobbyists are people the colonists sent over to get the government to do what they wanted. Ben Franklin was probably the most famous lobbyist.
SIR ROBERT WALPOLE Walpole was seen by most as Britain’s first prime minister. He stated “If no restrictions were placed on the colonies, they would flourish.” Sir Robert Walpole was a great supporter of the salutary neglect policy.
MERCANTILISM During the 1600s, Britain hoped to establish mercantilism. Mercantilism is the belief in the benefits of profitable trading. American colonies served as the source of raw materials for Britain’s growing manufacturing and also a market for Britain’s manufactured goods. The colonies created a balance of trade where Britain exported more goods to the colonies and received raw materials at a favorable price. This policy was established officially with the passage of Navigation Acts of 1651.
THE NAVIGATION ACTS The Navigation Acts restricted colonial trade with only Britain, and required all goods shipped to and from the colonies to be transported on British ships. These acts were poorly enforced. Merchants found ways to go around these laws and uncontrolled smuggling occurred.
SMUGGLING Smuggling became the foundation of the triangular trade routes. These routes were located between the North American colonies, the Caribbean, Africa, and Europe. New England merchants became very wealthy because of this trade. Britain benefited from the illegal trade even though it went against the Navigation Acts
FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR The turning point from salutary neglect to an attempt to enforce British policies was the French and Indian War, also known as the Seven Years’ War. This was when Great Britain was fighting France for imperial control of the known world.
DEBT RECOVERY ACT OF 1732. Concerns regarding matters such as, contracts, debts, and the rates of currency exchange led to the Debt Recovery Act The Debt Recovery Act was a British law, passed by the Parliament of Great Britain, the was designed to respond to the complaints of British merchants that Virginia planters refused to pay their debts. The Act allowed creditors to seize real property, land and personal property which included slaves.
COLONIAL DEVELOPMENT The mother country was very lenient and allowed the ‘children’ (colonies) to be free, which led them to be independent and rebellious. When the mother country would turn a blind eye to enforcing the law, the colonial children developed independently.
RELIGION Religion was also a factor impacted by salutary neglect. Colonists experienced remarkable religious tolerance and freedom. The Great Awakening began and people flocked to churches to seek salvation without persecution. From the very beginning, America was a place to practice religion freely. Both puritans and separatists fell to America to practice religious freedom. Freedom of religion is the right to chose a religion (or no religion) without interference by the government. Religious freedom is guaranteed by the first amendment.
ENDING OF SALUTARY NEGLECT Salutary neglect came to an end in 1763 with the conclusion of the French and Indian War. The British decided to attempt to reverse their policy of salutary neglect in the 1760s and end all illegal trade. They tried tightening their control and enforce the Navigation Acts and also wanted to impose new taxes such as the Sugar Act, Stamp Act, Townshend Acts, and the Tea Act. The colonists were furious with these decisions. They were used to doing whatever they wanted for years; it had become their custom and a direct result of salutary neglect. They burningly protested against the new measures resulting from the reversal of salutary neglect and the Sons of Liberty were formed.
THE SONS OF LIBERTY The Sons of Liberty was an organization of dissidents that originated in the North American British colonies. The secret society was formed to protect the rights of the colonists and to take the streets against the abuses of the British government. THE MAYFLOWER COMPACT 1620 The Mayflower Compact was created by the colonists as their constitution. The colonists were free to use their choice of laws, since England was more concerned with making a profit.
SALUTARY NEGLECT During the years of salutary neglect, the colonists were given a good deal of self-government in local matters. There was almost no control over the colonists. The Parliament put the colonists on hold. The colonists particularly liked the idea of salutary neglect, and were upset to see it come to an end.
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