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Salutary Neglect Hannah Conwell.  Salutary Neglect is the unofficial British policy of lenient or lax enforcement of parliamentary laws regarding the.

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Presentation on theme: "Salutary Neglect Hannah Conwell.  Salutary Neglect is the unofficial British policy of lenient or lax enforcement of parliamentary laws regarding the."— Presentation transcript:

1 Salutary Neglect Hannah Conwell

2  Salutary Neglect is the unofficial British policy of lenient or lax enforcement of parliamentary laws regarding the American colonies during the 1600s and 1700s.  The term “salutary neglect” comes from Edmund Burke’s ‘Speech for Conciliation with the Colonies’ given in the House of Commons on March 22, 1775.

3  Salutary neglect occurred in three different time periods.  1607-1696, 1696-1707, and 1763-1775. 1775 17631707 16961607 1700 1750 1650  Salutary Neglect was a large supplying factor that led to the American Revolutionary War.

4  The colonists were left to govern themselves, since the authority did not cause others to recognize the power it had.  The colonies eventually became accustomed to the idea of self-control. Self-control Parliament  Parliament was more concerned with satisfying wealthy merchants who help them get elected.  England’s attention was elsewhere during this time period.  It was Parliament’s act of responsibility to take control of the colonies, but it was far down the list of things to do.

5 TRADE  Trade between the American colonists and other nations was strictly forbidden.  Colonists were only allowed to trade with England, Scotland, and Ireland.  Salutary neglect made it so that Great Britain would turn away from the illegal trade pursuit. LOBBYISTS  Most people in American knew nothing about these colonies, and what they did know came from lobbyists.  Lobbyists are people the colonists sent over to get the government to do what they wanted.  Ben Franklin was probably the most famous lobbyist.

6 SIR ROBERT WALPOLE  Walpole was seen by most as Britain’s first prime minister.  He stated “If no restrictions were placed on the colonies, they would flourish.”  Sir Robert Walpole was a great supporter of the salutary neglect policy.

7 MERCANTILISM  During the 1600s, Britain hoped to establish mercantilism.  Mercantilism is the belief in the benefits of profitable trading.  American colonies served as the source of raw materials for Britain’s growing manufacturing and also a market for Britain’s manufactured goods.  The colonies created a balance of trade where Britain exported more goods to the colonies and received raw materials at a favorable price.  This policy was established officially with the passage of Navigation Acts of 1651.

8 THE NAVIGATION ACTS  The Navigation Acts restricted colonial trade with only Britain, and required all goods shipped to and from the colonies to be transported on British ships.  These acts were poorly enforced.  Merchants found ways to go around these laws and uncontrolled smuggling occurred.

9 SMUGGLING  Smuggling became the foundation of the triangular trade routes.  These routes were located between the North American colonies, the Caribbean, Africa, and Europe.  New England merchants became very wealthy because of this trade.  Britain benefited from the illegal trade even though it went against the Navigation Acts

10 FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR  The turning point from salutary neglect to an attempt to enforce British policies was the French and Indian War, also known as the Seven Years’ War.  This was when Great Britain was fighting France for imperial control of the known world.

11 DEBT RECOVERY ACT OF 1732.  Concerns regarding matters such as, contracts, debts, and the rates of currency exchange led to the Debt Recovery Act  The Debt Recovery Act was a British law, passed by the Parliament of Great Britain, the was designed to respond to the complaints of British merchants that Virginia planters refused to pay their debts.  The Act allowed creditors to seize real property, land and personal property which included slaves.

12 COLONIAL DEVELOPMENT  The mother country was very lenient and allowed the ‘children’ (colonies) to be free, which led them to be independent and rebellious.  When the mother country would turn a blind eye to enforcing the law, the colonial children developed independently.

13 RELIGION  Religion was also a factor impacted by salutary neglect.  Colonists experienced remarkable religious tolerance and freedom.  The Great Awakening began and people flocked to churches to seek salvation without persecution.  From the very beginning, America was a place to practice religion freely.  Both puritans and separatists fell to America to practice religious freedom.  Freedom of religion is the right to chose a religion (or no religion) without interference by the government.  Religious freedom is guaranteed by the first amendment.

14 ENDING OF SALUTARY NEGLECT  Salutary neglect came to an end in 1763 with the conclusion of the French and Indian War.  The British decided to attempt to reverse their policy of salutary neglect in the 1760s and end all illegal trade.  They tried tightening their control and enforce the Navigation Acts and also wanted to impose new taxes such as the Sugar Act, Stamp Act, Townshend Acts, and the Tea Act.  The colonists were furious with these decisions.  They were used to doing whatever they wanted for years; it had become their custom and a direct result of salutary neglect.  They burningly protested against the new measures resulting from the reversal of salutary neglect and the Sons of Liberty were formed.

15 THE SONS OF LIBERTY  The Sons of Liberty was an organization of dissidents that originated in the North American British colonies.  The secret society was formed to protect the rights of the colonists and to take the streets against the abuses of the British government. THE MAYFLOWER COMPACT 1620  The Mayflower Compact was created by the colonists as their constitution.  The colonists were free to use their choice of laws, since England was more concerned with making a profit.

16 SALUTARY NEGLECT  During the years of salutary neglect, the colonists were given a good deal of self-government in local matters.  There was almost no control over the colonists.  The Parliament put the colonists on hold.  The colonists particularly liked the idea of salutary neglect, and were upset to see it come to an end.

17  Gaudet, Henry. "What Is Salutary Neglect?" WiseGEEK. November 22, 2014. Accessed November 24, 2014. http://www.wisegeek.org/what-is-salutary-neglect.htm.  Period of Salutary Neglect.” Education-portal. Accessed November 25, 2014. http://education-portal.com/academy/lesson/period-of-salutary-neglect-definition-effects- quiz.html#lesson.  Alchin, Linda. "Salutary Neglect." ***. November 1, 2014. Accessed November 25, 2014. http://www.landofthebrave.info/salutary-neglect.htm. Works Cited

18 PICTURE CITATIONS  http://community.weber.edu/WeberReads/salutary_or_b enign_neglect.htm  http://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/edmund- burke-190.php  http://www.slv.vic.gov.au/our-collections/collection- strengths/british-colonial-history  http://www.mountvernon.org/george-washington/the- revolutionary-war/

19  http://chucklarsen.com/2011/10/10/self-control-2/  http://www.parliament.qld.gov.au/  http://www.earlytorise.com/how-ben-franklin-started-with-nothing-and- became-wealthy/#  http://www.bbc.co.uk/arts/yourpaintings/paintings/sir-robert-walpole- earl-of-orford-16761745-prime-minister-28734  https://wikihistoria.wikispaces.com/Navigation+Acts  http://pdfcast.org/pdf/colonial-development  http://www.foodgalaxy.org/food-and-religion  http://www.landofthebrave.info/sons-of-liberty.htm  http://www.ncmayflower.org/mayflowercompact.htm


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