If you were talking to someone who wasn’t from the midwest, what would you tell them life is like in America’s Heartland? What do the photos on pp 254-255 show you about the culture and the activites people do here? What does the photograph on pp. 256-257 tell you about the theme, America’s Heartland
Theme Question What makes the Central Region special?
Focus Question for Week 1 How are geography and economy connected in the Midwest?
Look at the map on p. 259 What do you know about this place?
What do you think it would be like to live here? What do you know about farmers and farming? Do you think you would like to be a farmer? Why?
Have you seen a river large enough to carry a boat as big as this barge Why might people send boats this big up and down a river?
Theme Vocabulary Knowing these words will help you answer the Theme and Focus Questions. Basin Landform Transport flourish
Basin p. 258 A basin is all the land that is drained by a river and the streams that run into that river. Example: Streams flow through the basin and drain into the river. Does water drain into a basin or out of it?
Landform p. 260 A landform is a natural feature of the land. Example: Mountains and valleys are typs of landforms. What are some other examples of landforms?
Transport p. 263 To transport means “to carry or bring from one place to another.” Cars, trains, and planes transport both people and things. How do you transport your books to and from school?
Flourish p. 268 To flourish means “to grow or develop strongly.” When there is enough sunlight and rain, a garden will flourish. What is an antonym for flourish?
Build Background- Theme reader pp 256-264 The Central Region is made up of 20 states in the middle of the country. Landforms help people earn a living. Farming, shipping, mining, and tourism are all ways people earn a living from the land. People use rivers and lakes to transport things to other parts of the country and world.
Preview and Predict pp. 256-264 I notice we’ll be reading about the Midwest. I’m not sure exactly which states make up the Midwest, so I’ll look at the map on page 260 labeled “Midwest Region.” I can see that the Midwest is part of the Central Region. Let’s look at the chapter titles, subheads, maps, photographs, captions, and highlighted words What ideas are familiar or interesting to you and what do you think you might learn?
Set Purposes Setting a purpose before reading helps readers focus their attention. One of our purpose is to find answers to the Theme Question: What makes the Central Region special? You can set your own purpose for reading in addition to this. Example: As I read today, I want to find answers to the Theme Questions: What makes the Central Region special? I also want to learn more about the interesting places in the Midwest, such as Mount Rushmore on p. 260.
Read Together pp 258-259 (Students follow along as I read) The first paragraph says that the Central Region is between the Rocky Mountains and the Appalachian Mountains. I can see both mountain ranges on the map on p. 259. It’s interesting how these huge landforms divide the country into different areas. The map shows that the Central Region is divided into 2 parts: the Midwest and the South Central Region. I wonder if they’re very different. Finish reading chapter 1 together.
pp. 260-261 Look at the photograph of Mount Rushmore on p. 260. It si one of the country’s most famous landmarks. That is one way the Central Region is special. How do you think the Mississippi River, pictured on p. 261, makes the region special?
pp. 262-263 On these pages, we read more about the geography of the Midwest. What are some different ways that people in the region use the land to make a living?
p. 264 The author tells about manufacturing in the Midwest. How do people in the Midwest use its natural resources to make it a center for manufacturing.
Respond What parts of the selection stood out to you? Why? What is something new you learned? Did anything you read surprise you?
Author’s Purpose In A Tour of the Central Region... What do you think the author’s purpose was in writing this selection? As the audience, do you think the author is achieving her purpose? Why or why not?
Fluency (Introduce and Model) Look at the fluency selection “Homestead Act Signed,” on Practice Companion p. 6. Throughout the week you will practice reading the article with fluency. Imagine a time when parts of the country were unsettled. What do you think it meant to get land for free simply by being the first to claim it?
Let’s review these words: homestead unsettled ambitious abundance untapped accommodating Cultivate Listen as I read the passage around. Pay attention to how I pause at punctuation. Listen to my expression and pacing.
Did you enjoy the reading? Why or why not? Would you have rushed to claim a piece of land? Why or why not? Let’s try an echo reading and a choral reading of the passage.
Wrap Up (after small groups) What things did you learn while reading about the geography and economy of the Central Region? Use the theme and other vocabulary as you share. I’d like to hear from students from all the groups. Share your thoughts on how what you’ve read connects to your personal experiences.
Daily Writing Write about landforms and waterways of the Central Region. Describe ways that the economy depends on these geographical features. When you have computer time, you can go to the Story Starter from your student Home Page.
Remember: You are responsible for your learning. It is helpful to be aware of how well you understand what your are reading, writing, talking, and thinking about in class. You may reflect on your reading and learning by using your Personal Reading Logs and Daily Progress sheets.