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Directions: As you view the first section of the slide show you must fill out the student comparison sheet in order to answer the questions. 1. Comparison.

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Presentation on theme: "Directions: As you view the first section of the slide show you must fill out the student comparison sheet in order to answer the questions. 1. Comparison."— Presentation transcript:

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3 Directions: As you view the first section of the slide show you must fill out the student comparison sheet in order to answer the questions. 1. Comparison One: How do the two regions compare politically? 2. Compare Shotoku Taishi and Charlemagne.

4 Yamato Period

5 Japan Yamato Period: 300 A.C.E A.C.E. Japan Began promoting adoption of Chinese culture: a Confucianism a Language (characters) a Buddhist sects a Chinese art & architecture a Government structure Began promoting adoption of Chinese culture: a Confucianism a Language (characters) a Buddhist sects a Chinese art & architecture a Government structure

6 Prince Shotoku Taishi

7 Prince Shotoku Taishi :  Adopted Chinese culture and Confucianism a Buddhist sects allowed to develop. He is considered the father of Buddhism in Japan a Created new government structure:  17 Article Constitution  Highly Confucian and focused on morals to be expected of government officials and subjects.  Emperor ruled with absolute authority and was considered divine.

8 Europe in the 6 th century

9 Charlemagne: 742 to 814 A.C.

10 Europe Charlemagne: 742 – 814 A.C.E. Holy Roman Empire aCreated an imperial bureaucracy aStandardized weights and measures aImperial Ruler (Absolute Authority) aEmpire

11 Pope Crowned Charlemagne Holy Roman Emperor: Dec. 25, 800. This firmly tied the Role of Emperor to The will of God. Pope Crowned Charlemagne Holy Roman Emperor: Dec. 25, 800. This firmly tied the Role of Emperor to The will of God.

12 Charlemagne’s Empire

13 Charlemagne’s Empire Collapses: Treaty of Verdun 843 Divided the Empire between Charlemagne’s sons. Ending the 3 year long Carolingian War.

14 Europe: England: Magna Carta, 1215  King John I of England  Forced to sign the “Great Charter”  -monarchs were not above the law.  - kings had to consult a council of advisors.  -kings could not tax arbitrarily. Compare to the Japanese constitution of Prince Shotoku

15 Comparison Two: Religion and Religious Institutions Compare the ways Buddhism spread in China and the ways Christianity spread in Europe. Compare the roles of monks and monasteries in the two religions.

16 Japan Zen Buddhism Japan Zen Buddhism Japanese variation of Buddhism aCame from India through China a Reinforced Bushido values of mental and self- discipline aBuddhist monasteries became very wealthy aBuddhist Missionaries converted many peoples through miracle working. aConversion was never forced. aMonasteries were centers of learning, charity, and protection for the poor. aEast Asian Buddhism (Open Land and Zen Buddhism) promised Salvation for its followers

17 The Medieval Catholic Church  Monasticism: - Benedictine Rule of poverty, chastity, and obedience were enforced for monks. -Provided schools for the children of the upper class. - Served as inns, hospitals, refuge in times of war. -Maintained libraries & scriptoria to copy books and illuminate manuscripts.  -monks became missionaries to the barbarians and many conversions came about due to miracles performed -Conversion was both voluntary and forced depending on the region. -Christianity was brought to Europe from the Fertile Crescent -Christianity promised salvation for its followers

18 Social and Political: Compare the Japanese Heian Period with the High Middle Ages leading to the Renaissance in Europe

19 Heian Period: a Growth of large landed estates a Arts & literature of China flourished a Elaborate court life [highly refined] a Personal diaries eThe Pillow Book by Sei Shonagon [10 th century] A story of court life. a First novel eThe Tale of Genji by Lady Murasaki Shikibu e[1000 pgs.+] a Moving away from Chinese models in religion, arts, and government and becoming more uniquely Japanese a Growth of large landed estates a Arts & literature of China flourished a Elaborate court life [highly refined] a Personal diaries eThe Pillow Book by Sei Shonagon [10 th century] A story of court life. a First novel eThe Tale of Genji by Lady Murasaki Shikibu e[1000 pgs.+] a Moving away from Chinese models in religion, arts, and government and becoming more uniquely Japanese

20 Heian Period: Cultural Borrowing 1.Chinese writing 2.Chinese artistic styles 3.Buddhism [Zen] 4.BUT, not Chinese civil service system! 1.Chinese writing 2.Chinese artistic styles 3.Buddhism [Zen] 4.BUT, not Chinese civil service system!

21 Japan: Heian Period -Women have many rights and freedoms -Court life is highly refined -Poetry and art flourish -Shoguns take real power over government -Economy based on agriculture and land ownership

22 Heian Court Dress

23 The Pillow Book by Sei Shonagon (diary)

24 Lady Murasaki Shikibu She contributed much to the Japanese script known as kana, while men wrote with Chinese characters, kanji.

25 Minamoto Yoritomo Founded the Kamakura Shogunate: Led a warrior coalition of Samurai to victory over Japan. Allowed the emperor to remain in Kyoto and to continue to reign as the symbolic head of state. Japan is now effectively ruled by its warrior class. This system would last for the next seven centuries.

26 Ashikaga Age: ► Shoguns fought for power a Laws are unclear a Less efficient than Kamakura a Armies of samurai protected the country

27 Europe:  Medieval Manor: Medieval Economic System is based on agriculture Europe:

28 Europe: Medieval Trade

29 Europe: Medieval Universities

30  Medieval Guilds  Guild Hall   Created commercial Monopolies:  Guilds C ontrolled membership apprentice  journeyman  master craftsman  -Controlled quality of the product [masterpiece].  -Controlled prices  -Stimulated new urban economies as opposed to the manorialism

31 CASTLESCASTLES CASTLESCASTLES

32 Social Structure: Compare Japanese Feudal Structure to European Feudal Structure

33 FeudalismFeudalism A political, economic, and social system based on loyalty, the holding of land, and military service. Japan: Japan: A political, economic, and social system based on loyalty, the holding of land, and military service. Japan: Japan: Shogun Daimyo Samurai Peasant Land - Shoen Protection Loyalty Food

34 FeudalismFeudalism A political, economic, and social system based on loyalty, the holding of land, and military service. Europe A political, economic, and social system based on loyalty, the holding of land, and military service. Europe King Lord Knight Peasant Land - Fief Protection Loyalty Food

35 Feudal Society The emperor reigned, but did not always rule!

36 Knight’s Armor Samurai Armor vs. Medieval Warriors

37 European knight Samurai Warrior vs. Medieval Warriors

38 Warwick Castle, England

39 Japan: Main Gate of Hiroshima Castle

40 Caernorfon Castle, Wales

41 Osaka Castle

42 Europe: Parts of Medieval Castle

43 Europe: Chivalry: A Code of Honor and Behavior

44 Europe: Code of Chivalry Europe: Code of Chivalry * * Justice * Loyalty * Courage * Faith * Humility * Nobility * * Justice * Loyalty * Courage * Faith * Humility * Nobility

45 Japan: Code of Bushido * Fidelity * Politeness * Virility * Simplicity * Fidelity * Politeness * Virility * Simplicity

46 Warfare: Contrast the invasions of Japan by the Chinese Mongols with the attacks of the Europeans on the Fertile Crescent

47  Pope Urban II: Preaching a Crusade against the Muslims  Pope Urban II: Preaching a Crusade against the Muslims Christians were to retake Jerusalem from the Muslims. The reason given was to protect Christian holy places from Muslim destruction after a fire was set in the Church of the Holy Sepulcher.

48 Christian Crusades: East and West: Christians gained Control of the Fertile Crescent Christian Crusades: East and West: Christians gained Control of the Fertile Crescent a1 st crusade captured Jerusalem 1099 aMuslims got it back in 1187

49 Mongol “ Invasions ” of Japan Kublai Khan (the Mongol ruler of China) sent 4,400 ships and 140,000 men, but kamikaze winds stopped them. China failed to take Japan both times it tried under the Mongol Yuan Dynasty

50 Second Mongol invasion of Japan: 1281 A.C.E.

51 Compare and Contrast Essay Assignment: Compare and Contrast European and Japanese Societies during the post-classical period.


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