Presentation on theme: "Community Policing, Problem Solving Policing and Service"— Presentation transcript:
1 Community Policing, Problem Solving Policing and Service Chapter 5Community Policing, Problem Solving Policing and Service
2 Community Policing is one of the most significant trends in policing history. Community Policing is an organization-wide philosophy and management approach that promotes community, government, and police partnerships.Community Policing is when everyone assumes responsibility for the health of their community.
3 Community Policing is a belief that working together can accomplish what neither can do alone. Community Policing is a philosophy that stresses working proactively in partnership with citizens to prevent and to solve crime-related problems.Recall Anglo-Saxon tithing system.
4 Broken Windows: In unhealthy communities, disorder and crime may flourish. If it appears that no one cares, disorder and crime will thrive.Citizens involvement in the law enforcement community and in understanding policing has taken the form of civilian review boards, citizen patrols, citizen police academies, ride along and similar programs.
5 The two critical key elements of community policing are partnership and problem solving. Partnerships: cornerstone of community policing.Exists on two levels:1) Passive Level: Community assumes a compliant role and shows support for law and order by what they Don’t do.2) Active Level: Community step beyond their law-abiding lives and get directly involved in projects, programs, and other specific efforts to enhance their community safety.
6 The core components of effective community partnerships are: Stakeholders with a vested interest in the collaborationTrusting vision and common goals for the collaboration.ExpertiseTeamwork strategiesOpen communicationMotivated partnersMeans to implement and sustain the collaborative effortAn Action Plan
7 Medical Model: This is sometimes used to explain the relationship between the community and the police.Patients are responsible for their own health, with physicians advising patients on how to be healthy. So, too, in the community citizens are responsible for public safety and keeping their neighborhoods healthy, and they cannot expect the police to take sole responsibility for it.Police and the public share responsibility for the cause of crime, the fear of crime, and actual crime.
8 Community Policing in Schools: This model focuses on prevention rather than cure, on being proactive rather than reactive. It is easier to prevent than to cure.Community Policing in Schools:Officer are assigned to school “community”Problem orientedRole of officer extended beyond law enforcement to include prevention and early prevention activities.Consistent responses to incidents.Proactive
9 Partnership with Media: This relationship can be a powerful ally or formidable opponent.It is important to build a positive working partnership with media.Community Policing, Partnerships and the Decrease of Crime:Many researchers report a direct correlation between the number of officers on the street and the decline of crime.
10 However, the decrease of crime cannot be attributed to community policing alone. The following can also be attributed to the decrease of crime:Quality of life issuesRobust economyPopulation with greater numbers of elderlyFewer juveniles
11 Problem oriented policing and community oriented policing are sometimes equated. Problem oriented policing is an essential component of community policing.Problem oriented policing is a departmental wide strategy aimed at solving persistent community problems.Goldstein is known as the father of problem oriented policing (POP)
12 Problem solving requires police to group incidents and thereby, identify underlying causes of problems in the community.Problem oriented policing, a vital component of the community policing philosophy, requires that police move beyond a law enforcement perspective in seeking solutions to problems.
13 SARA Model: Eck and Spelman Four Strategies are: Scanning: grouping individual incidents into meaningful “problems”Analyzing: collecting information from all available sourcesResponding: selecting and implementing solutions.Assessing: evaluating the impact of the solution
14 Offender, victim and location. The Crime Triangle:Offender, victim and location.If one of the three are removed, no crime.Hot Spots: high crime areasCommon Mistakes in Problem Solving:Spending to much energy on unimportant detailsFailing to resolve important issuesBeing secretive about true feelingClosed mindInability to decide or putting off decision to last minuteFailing to set deadlinesMaking decisions under pressureUsing unreliable sources of information
15 Implementing Community Policing: Community Policing will require a change in management style, mission statement and department organization.Leaders must have a vision for the department and the communityA key to community service is linking policing to the delivery of city services.Community service translates into customer service
16 Police department provide a wide variety of services including: Giving information (directions & advice)CounselingLicensing and vehicle registering,Intervening in domestic argumentsWorking with neglected/abused childrenEmergency medical or rescue servicesDealing with people under the influence of substancesDealing with stray animalsControlling crowdsProviding community education programs
17 The most common and often most dangerous type of call made to the police department is setting disputes or quarrels (domestic violence)Police often have contact with the youth. The youth of our country are of critical importance. Programs for youth may include:PAL: Police Athletic League, provide youth the opportunity to interact with police in sports.School Resource Officers:Operation CleanSweep: Retributive and Rehabilitative for help youth not commit crimes in future.
18 McGruff: “Take a bite out of Crime.” Police Explorers: senior Scouts who volunteer with police departmentsDare: Drug Resistance EducationCommunity Crime Prevention Programs:Crime prevention programs include neighborhood or block watch programs, operation identification programs, home security, store security and auto security.
19 Challenges to Community Policing: Resistance by police and the communityPerception that community policing goes against aggressive law enforcement practices.Benefits of Community Policing to OfficersJob enrichmentGet to know the citizens with whom they workHave greater responsibility and authorityServing and protecting a increasingly diverse population
20 Our population is becoming older and has more minorities, more immigrants, more homeless people and more individuals with infectious diseases. In addition, the gap between those who live in poverty and those who are more affluent is widening.Major challenges presented by immigrants are language barriers, unfamiliar customs, and failure to report victimization.
21 The challenge in dealing with homeless people is to balance compassion for them with the public’s right to be free from interference.