Geography A very long coast, so commercial interactions with Westerners started very early. Impact: western missionaries came to Vietnam to propagate Catholic, Protestant, Muslim… –Current Vietnamese alphabet was invented by missionaries to teach the Bible.
Geography North: –Delta of the Red River: small and having regular floods almost every year. –Hilly regions, surrounded by mountains. Impact: –Hard to make a living, need a lot of past experiences. –Hard to interact with outsiders: keep going with traditions.
Geography South: –Delta of the Mekong River: much better farms than the delta of the Red River. –Surrounded by people from the North, Cambodia, Indonesia… Impact: –Easy to make a living, can take risk. –Immigrants: open-minded, dynamic…
Geography Hilly in the South, Coast and plateau in the Central, (Mekong) Delta in the South Impact: diversity in geography results in diversity in religions, traditions, ethnics…
Vietnamese History in Brief Kinh Duong Vuong, Lac Long Quan, Au Co, Vua Hung (?), Chinese control (111 BC – 938 AD), Ngo Quyen earned independence (938), Ly Dynasty chose Hanoi as capital (1010), Tran Dynasty fought against the Mongols 3 times, Quang Trung: unified Vietnam (1789), French control (1858-1945), Socialist Republic of Vietnam
History Hanoi: –Capital since 1010, –Through almost all dynasties. Impact: strong Confucius culture –Order in the family, school,… –Strong traditions.
History Hue: –Capital of the last Dynasty (Nguyen, since 1802) Impact: –Preserve many material or immaterial cultural heritages of Vietnam and the World.