Presentation on theme: "Colony: Virginia Charter/Gov’t: royal charter given in 1624. Economy: the economics was based on wheat and corn to the north and cash crops like tobacco."— Presentation transcript:
Colony: Virginia Charter/Gov’t: royal charter given in 1624. Economy: the economics was based on wheat and corn to the north and cash crops like tobacco to the south Society: It was made up of rich farmers with slave labor as the workers. Other: the first legislative body in the Americas was in Virginia, the house of burgesses. Virginia would be the homeland of George Washington.
Colony: Maryland Charter/Gov’t: 1632 - Charles I granted a Maryland Charter to Lord Baltimore. - Proprietary Colony. Economy: centered around the farming of tobacco for sale in Europe. Society: In Maryland, Baltimore sought to create a haven for English Catholics and to demonstrate that Catholics and Protestants could live together peacefully. Other: Colony Named for Queen Henrietta Maria of England. Courtney Meyers
Colony: Pennsylvania Charter/Gov’t : Proprietary colony William Penn allowed for a representative assembly elected by landowners. Economy: Mostly agriculture. Farms producing corn, wheat, and other things were used for export. Natural resources made it easy for manufacturing such as iron and paper making. Society: Freedom of expression led to a very rich culture life. Newspapers and magazines flourished, along with education, medicine and law. Other: Freedom of worship and religion was granted to all citizens.
Pennsylvania Charter/Gov’t: King Charles II granted William Penn, a Quaker, a charter for the colony of Pennsylvania. Pennsylvania was a proprietary colony, which means the king gave the people the right to self-government. The code of law in Pennsylvania was called “Frame of Government,” created by Penn. Economy: Pennsylvania has very good land for agricultural gain. Wheat and corn are two crops that contributed to the wealth of the area. Rivers provided a way for people and manufactured goods such as iron, textile, and homemade products. Society: Pennsylvania’s religious and social freedom allowed its people to flourish in their interests. Newspapers, magazines, schools, and studies in law and medicine were all on the up rise. Pennsylvania also contains America’s first library, hospital, and insurance company. The Quaker religious views also became wide- spread. They were also recognized for the respectful way they treated Native Americans, unlike other Europeans of the time. Other:
Colony: Delaware Charter/Gov’t: Proprietary Colony Economy: Had an economy based on agriculture as well as industry. Society: The fight for control made Delaware a colony with varying cultures. Other: First state of the original thirteen colonies to ratify the Constitution. Kevin Volz
Colony: Massachusetts Bay. Charter/Gov’t: Very similar to the third charter of Virginia from 1612; the main difference was that the government was not based in England. Had a theocratic government. John Winthrop was appointed governor, Thomas Dudley was deputy government. Economy: Growing wealth due to seaports which made the English want to gain more control of the colony. Very prosperous and wealthy economy. Society: The first settlers were Pilgrims in 1620. The next group of settlers were the Puritans whom arrived in 1630. There was very little religious tolerance which led to the Salem witch trials. There was intolerance to Anglican, Quaker, and Baptist religions. Other: Massachusetts also had the land of which is now the state of Maine.
Colony: Charter/Gov’t: New York was originally a proprietary colony, in which favorites of the British crown were awarded huge tracts of land in the New World to supervise and develop. New York was the 11 th state to authorize the Consitution. Economy: Fur trapping, lumber trading, and shipping. Farming was very common, for example, large acres of land were cleared by hand to grow crops like corn. Society: The Dutch bought Manhattan Island for 60 gilders, or 24 dollars from local Indians. 38 years later, the Dutch resisted British control from time to time until finally, in 1674, the British gained full control. Other: Originally called New Amsterdam.
Colony: New York Charter/Gov’t: New York was originally a proprietory colony, but in 1685 became a royal colony. Economy: Many colonists were farmers, others took to fishing, the fur trade, lumber trade, and many more became Merchants. Society: Colonial New York had a large amount of religious, political, economic, and ethnic diversity. Other: In 1788 New York ratified the constitution, making it the 11 th state to do so.
Colony: South Carolina Charter/Gov’t: King Charles granted the territory of South Carolina (along with North Carolina and Georgia) to loyal supporters as a Proprietary colony till 1719 when it became a Royal colony. Representative government. In 1788, it was the 8 th state to ratify the constitution. Economy: Rice and indigo were grown on plantations as cash crops and used for trade, later cotton. Society: settlers came from British Isles, France, and other European countries. African slaves formed the majority of the population by 1720. They were provided for plantation owners. Other: Charleston was named after King Charles and is a major port.
Colony: South Carolina Charter/Gov’t: 1663, King Charles II granted Territory of what is now North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia started out as a Proprietary colony but also became a Royal colony in 1719. In 1788 South Carolina was the eighth state to ratify the Constitution. Economy: Relied on trade of fur and indigo. South Carolina Relied on farming. Society: Settled by Hispanolia settlers and then eventually after fever and death returned back to Hispanolia region. European immigrants encouraged. Later became Swiss, German, Scot-Irish and other immigrants from Virginia. Other: site of the first European settlement in North America
Colony: New Hampshire Charter/Gov’t: Granted to Captain John Mason by England. Proprietary. Sometimes under the jurisdiction of Massachusetts. Economy: Was settled as a fishing community, but farming and ship building were a huge source of income as well. Society: Many families worked to raise food and crops. Fished to obtain a living more or less. Other: Fishing village was first established at the mouth of Piscataqua River the.
Colony: New Hampshire Charter/Gov’t: The Exeter Compact was written and modeled after The Mayflower Compact during New Hampshire’s Proprietary stage. However, the state was later given a royal charter. Economy: Driven by timber and fishing. Society: New Hampshire was a more religiously diverse colony. It was mostly Puritan, but it had a small minority of Calvinists. Other: New Hampshire was founded by John Wheelwright and John Mason in 1623 and was named after Hampshire County in England.
Colony: North Carolina Charter/Gov’t: North Carolina was granted a Royal Charter by King Charles II of England. This means that it was completely under the king’s rule. The king chose the governor. Economy: In the 1700s, North Carolina’s economy depended mostly upon tobacco production as well as rice, grain, cattle, pork, and lumber. Society: North Carolina, along with other colonies had abundant slavery, were mostly Christian, and were still under British monarch rule. Other: North Carolina was the 8 th colony to be established.
Colony: Connecticut Charter/Gov’t: In 1662 Connecticut obtained a Royal Charter under John Winthrop Jr. and was stated as a Corporate colony. Economy: Connecticut has been predominantly a manufacturing colony and state and a world leader in industrial development. Still even as a colony, Connecticut’s factories and products from them replaced imported goods from Britain and caused much competition. Society: Connecticut was first explored by the Dutch, who founded trading posts and where the first permanent settlements were made by English Puritans from Massachusetts. Other: Connecticut today is nicknamed "The Constitution State“ because it received the first Fundamental Orders while creating it’s independent democratic government.
Colony: Connecticut Charter/Gov’t: Royal charter (1662) Economy: Agriculture and trade with the natives and mother country dominated the economy. Society: The Fundamental Orders of 1639 was the first written Constitution of government Other: Traders settled near Hartford as early as 1633. 5 th state to ratify the constitution.
Colony: Rhode Island Charter/Gov’t: Rhode Island was a Corporate colony. It allowed guarantees, like religious freedom. Economy: Rhode Island exported fish and timber. (The rocky terrain and harsh winters did not allow for farming) Society: Many settlers were protestants looking for religious freedom. Other: People began to settle in Rhode Island in 1620 and the first permanent settlement was established in 1636
Colony: Georgia Charter/Gov’t: Proprietary, became royal in 1752 King George II (1732) granted Georgia to James E. Oglethorpe Economy: Mainly plantations Indigo Rice Society: Provide additional protection from Spain Drove the Spanish back to Florida Other: 4 th state to ratify constitution Began with the intentions of no slavery Served as a place where debtors in prison could go to start anew
Colony: New Jersey Charter/Gov’t: Proprietary Economy: Aristocracy Society: Dutch and Swedish Other: Was the third state to ratify the constitution