Presentation on theme: "By: Rachel Lassinger Pd.3 Click. Fallout shelter Enclosed space designed to protect from radioactive debris or fallout resulting from a nuclear explosion."— Presentation transcript:
Fallout shelter Enclosed space designed to protect from radioactive debris or fallout resulting from a nuclear explosion. Basic fallout shelters consist of shields that are designed to reduce gamma ray intensity by 50%, resulting from the explosion. The government recommended that the fall out shelters be built under the house, like a basement or to be placed in the backyard. Ventilation was provided by a hand-cranked blower that was attached by a pipe to a filter mechanism on the surface.
Fallout Shelter cont. The basic supplies that were held in the shelters were food, water, and sanitation needs that would last the inhabitants for 2 weeks. – Water was stored in metal 17.5 gallon water barrels. – Food stocks were packaged items such as ration crackers, wafers, and hard candy. – Sanitation kits contained toiletries, cups, etc. – Medical and Radiation kits were also supplied. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WD0vV9xrC14 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Bz3t4LcXwtE
F.C.D.A. The organization was created by president Harry S. Truman on December 1 st, 1950. It was called the Federal Civil Defense Administration. The FCDA was in charge of providing emergency aid/assistance to all local communities that were effected by disasters. Also provided special emergency powers to the FCDA and the president in the event of a national crisis.
FCDA cont. The officials of the FCDA claimed that if people were educated and prepared for a nuclear attack, they could survive an atomic bomb thus avoiding the destruction that had occurred at Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The FCDA was later called the Office of Civil Defense.
Duck and Cover Duck and Cover was a suggested method of personal protection against the effects of a nuclear weapon. It was taught to children during school from the 1950s to the 1980s. When under attack you were to: – Get on the ground, under some type of cover – Assume the fetal position, covering their heads with their hands while lying face down. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IKqXu-5jw60 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IKqXu-5jw60 “Bert the Turtle” was the mascot of the program.
N.E.A.R. The National Emergency Alarm Repeater was a civilian warning device used to warn people in the event of a nuclear attack. It was a 2-3” square box that would be plugged into an outlet to receive a special signal sent over the electric power transmission lines. There was also a bigger, louder alarm that was sounded before and after the attacks to warn people who would be outside. It is similar to a tornado warning that we would hear today. The product, however, was termed “defunct” and was destroyed by their respective managers. A similar program was proposed in the United Kingdom during the 1960s.
Bibliography December 1, 1950: President Truman Establishes Federal Civil Defense Administration. History comments. Web. 18 Feb. 2010.. National Emergency Alarm Repeater. Wikipedia, 16 Dec. 2009. Web. 18 Feb. 2010.. Duck and Cover. Wikipedia, 17 Feb. 2010. Web. 18 Feb. 2010..
Bibliography cont. Travel & History. The Federal Civil Defense Administration, 12 Feb. 2008. Web. 22 Feb. 2010.. Civil Defense Museum. Federal Civil Defense Guide Part D, Chapter 3, Appendix 1. Page 5, Dec. 1998. Web. 22 Feb. 2010..