Chapter 11_2 (10_2 edition 8) Sequential Circuits etc.
Read-Only Memory (ROM) Memory that is implemented with combinational circuits – Combinational circuits are often referred to as “memoryless” circuits because their output depends only on their current input and no history of prior inputs is retained
Read-Only Memory (ROM) Memory unit that performs only the read operation – Binary information stored in a ROM is permanent and is created during the fabrication process – A given input to the ROM (address lines) always produces the same output (data lines) – Because the outputs are a function only of the present inputs, ROM is a combinational circuit
Sequential Circuit Current output depends not only on the current input, but also on the past history of inputs Makes use of combinational circuits SequentialCircuit
Sequential circuits The flip-flop is a bi-stable device. It exists of two states and in the absence of input, remains in that state. Thus the flip-flop can function as a 1-bit memory. The flip-flop has two outputs, which are always complements of each other. These are generally labelled as Q and Q
Counters Counters are asynchronous or synchronous Asynchronous slow output of one flip-flop triggers change of status in next flip-flop Synchronous all flip-flops change state at same time faster – used in CPUs
Irvine, Kip R. Assembly Language for Intel-Based Computers, 2003. 20 Printing this Slide Show To print this slide show with black characters on a white background, do the following: Select Print... from the File menu. Select Handouts in the Print what drop-down box. Select 2 or 3 in the Slides per page drop-down box. Select the Pure black and white check box (optional) Click on OK to begin printing. Back to the title page